October 8,2018

Quiz – October 5 ,2018
October 7, 2018
Quiz -October 7,2018
October 8, 2018

Current Affairs for Engineering Service Exam

Video Lectures and Test Series for ESE 2019

 Topics list:

  1. National and International Issues on
    1. Economic Development
    2. Social Development
    3. Industrial Development
  2. Energy and Environment
    1. Energy
    2. Environment
  3. Information and Communication Technology
    1. Technology
    2. Application
  4. The Key Initiatives of Government
  5. General Knowledge

Topic 1:Industrial development

Agricultural census

The number of small and marginal agricultural land holdings in the country (known as operational holdings) has registered a marginal increase in 2015-16 compared to 2010-11, according to the the tenth agricultural census.


  • The percentage of land holders who are women has increased from 12.79% in 2010-11 to 13.87% in 2015-16.
  • Small and marginal holdings (Below two hectares) constituted 86.21% of the total land holdings, an increase of 1.2 percentage points compared to 2010-11.
  • The operated area (which includes any agricultural land, provided a part of it used for production) has shown a decline of 1.5%.

Read more at: The Hindu

Topic 2 : Environment

IPCC Climate change report

The deadly heat waves could hit India and  if the world gets warmer by 2 degree Celsius over pre-industrial levels, says the world’s biggest review report on climate change to be released by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).


  • The implications of the report will be discussed at the Katowice climate change conference in Poland where governments will review the Paris Agreement to tackle climate change.
  • The Special Report on Global Warming of 1.5 degrees C warns that average global temperatures could breach the 1.5 degree level as early as 2030.
  • In the Indian subcontinent, the IPCC report specifically mentions Kolkata and Karachi among cities that could face an increased threat of heat waves.
  • The global warming affects human health, causing loss of millions of lives
  • The poverty is expected to increase with rise in global warming, the impacts associated with other biodiversity-related risks include forest fires

Read more at: ET

Topic 2 : Energy

Country’s first 2G biofuel plant

Bharat Petroleum Corporation Ltd (BPCL) will complete commissioning of its second generation (2G) ethanol bio-refinery at Baulsingha village in Bargarh district of Odisha by 2020.


  • The ethanol will be produced from rice straw.
  • The refinery will have a capacity to produce three core litres of fuel grade ethanol per year by utilizing around two lakh tonnes of rice straw.
  • Ethanol will be blended with petrol and used as fuel
  • BPCL is planning to set up two such plants at Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra soon.
  • The plant will create around 1200 direct and indirect employment

Read more at: ET

National Energy Policy

Niti Aayog is preparing the policy.


  • The policy will lay the road map for the country’s push towards renewable energy and reducing fuel imports, among other things.
  • It will replace the Integrated Energy Policy
  • To focus on aligning energy prices with benchmarks in the international market to enable market driven prices and limiting subsidies to the identified beneficiaries.

The broad objectives:

  • Enhanced energy independence
  • Increased access at affordable prices
  • Greater sustainability and higher economic growth.

Read more at: ET

Topic 4: The Key Initiatives of Government

Varishtha Pension Bima Yojana

  • It is a part of Government‘s commitment for financial inclusion and social security.
  • The scheme will be implemented through Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC).
  • It is to provide social security to elderly persons aged 60 years and above by giving an assured pension at a guaranteed rate of 8% per annum for 10 years.
  • The differential return, i.e., the difference between the return generated by LIC and the assured return of 8% per annum would be borne by Government of India as subsidy on an annual basis.

Mothers’ Absolute Affection (MAA) Program

  • The program aims to enhance optimal breastfeeding practices in the country.
  • It seeks to create an enabling environment to ensure that mothers, husbands and families receive adequate information and support for promotion of breastfeeding.
  • The chief components of the Programme are:
  1. Community awareness generation
  2. Strengthening inter personal communication through ASHA
  3. Skilled support for breastfeeding at Delivery points in Public health facilities, and
  4. Monitoring and Award/recognition

Topic 5: General Knowledge


Bilateral Maritime Exercise Between Japan and India (JIMEX 18) to Commence at Visakhapatnam.


  • It  aimed to enhance interoperability, improve understanding and imbibe the best practices of each other.
  • To enhance safety and security of the global commons in keeping with ‘rule based order’

Read more at: PIB


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