Current Affairs for Engineering Service Exam
Video Lectures and Test Series for ESE 2019
- National and International Issues on
- Economic Development
- Social Development
- Industrial Development
- Energy and Environment
- Information and Communication Technology
- The Key Initiatives of Government
- General Knowledge
Topic 1:Industrial development
World’s first Hyperloop passenger capsule unveiled
Hyperloop Transportation Technologies Inc. unveiled its first full-scale passenger capsule, in Spain.
- It is a transportation system where a pod-like vehicle is propelled through a near-vacuum tube connecting cities at speeds matching that of an aircraft.
- The hyperloop system is being designed to transport passengers and freight.
- In hyperloop transportation, custom-designed capsules or pods are expected to zip smoothly through continuous steel tubes which are held at partial vacuum.
- The pod which sandwiches the passenger compartment between an air compressor upfront and a battery compartment in the rear is supported by air caster skis at the bottom.
Hyperloop Technology in India:
- The government of Andhra Pradesh has signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with California-based Hyperloop Transportation Technologies (HTT) to develop India’s first Hyperloop route in the state.
- The proposed route for the Hyperloop between the city centers of Vijaywada and Amaravati could potentially turn a trip of more than one hour into a 6 minute ride.
- The project will use a Public Private Partnership (PPP) model with funding primarily from private investors.
- The technology will be able to propel trains faster than existing methods, which uses a levitation technology to lift the train cars above a track to eliminate surface drag.
Read more at: Indian Express
New National Institutes of Design
The Union Cabinet approved amendments to the National Institute of Design (NID) Act of 2014 for the setting up of four new institutes in Amaravati, Bhopal, Jorhat and Kurukshetra.
- The proposal is a calibrated move to produce highly skilled manpower in design.
- Promotion of quality and excellence in education, research and training in all disciplines relating to design
- These institutes are meant to provide “sustainable design interventions for crafts, handloom, rural technology, small, medium and large scale enterprises; and outreach programmes for capacity, capability and institution building”.
- The NIDs are keeping with the vision of the National Design Policy approved in February 2007.
National Design Policy 2007:
- The policy called for promotion of Indian design through a well-defined and managed regulatory, promotional and institutional framework.
- The setting up of specialised design centres or ‘innovation hubs’ for sectors such as automobile and transportation, jewellery, leather and soft goods.
- The policy document had called for the formulation of a scheme to set up these hubs in select locations, especially in backward States, “particularly in the Northeast”.
Read more at: The Hindu
Topic 2 : Energy
Russia to set up more nuclear reactors in India
India and Russia signed a document for cooperation on a new nuclear power project in India with the latest VVER-1200 type reactors powered by advanced fuel.
Key Facts of the agreement:
- The Action Plan for Prioritisation and Implementation of Cooperation Areas in the Nuclear Field was signed
- To implement the project of six nuclear power units of Russian design at a new site in India
- Cooperation in third countries in new promising areas of nuclear technology apart from the construction of nuclear power plants
- Russia will offer the reference evolutionary VVER-1200 technical solutions of the generation “3+” reactors for the new nuclear project
- Russia will increase the level of Indian industry’s involvement and localisation of manufacturing equipment for nuclear power plants in the framework of the policy ‘Make in India’
- Optimise the timing and the cost of project implementation.
- India is collaborating with Russia in setting up Bangladesh’s first nuclear plant at Rooppur.
About Kudankulam project:
- Kudankulam Nuclear Power Plant (or Koodankulam NPP or KKNPP) is the single largest nuclear power station in India, situated in Koodankulam in the Tirunelveli district of the southern Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
- KKNPP is scheduled to have six VVER-1000 reactors built in collaboration with Atomstroyexport, the Russian state company and Nuclear Power Corporation of India Limited (NPCIL)
Read more at: ET
Topic 3 : ICT
Mobile Asteroid Surface Scout(MASCOT)
The Hayabusa2 probe launched the French-German Mobile Asteroid Surface Scout, or MASCOT, towards the Ryugu asteroid’s surface.
- The probe launched a new observation robot towards an asteroid which pursues a mission to shed light on the origins of the solar system.
- The 10-kg box-shaped MASCOT is loaded with sensors.
- It can take images at multiple wavelengths, investigate minerals with a microscope, gauge surface temperatures and measure magnetic fields.
- It was the first time that moving, robotic observation device have been successfully landed on an asteroid.
Read more at: The Hindu
Topic 4: The Key Initiatives of Government
- Project Mausam‘ is to showcase a Transnational Mixed Route (including Natural and Cultural Heritage) on the World Heritage List.
- It aims to understand how the knowledge and manipulation of the monsoon winds has shaped interactions across the Indian Ocean and led to the spread of shared knowledge systems, traditions, technologies and ideas along maritime routes
- Archaeological Society of India (ASI) is the nodal agency and Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts (IGNCA) is its Research Unit and National Museum & IGNCA is its Associate bodies.
- The project collates archaeological and historical research and document the diversity of cultural, commercial and religious interactions among the 39 Indian Ocean countries.
- Goals – Reviving lost linkages with nations, Creating links to existing World Heritage sites, Redefining Cultural Landscapes‘, Achieving transnational nomination under World Heritage.
Krishi Kalyan Cess (KKC)
- It is a levy/tax imposed by the Union Government on all services, which are liable to service tax, at the rate of 0.5% for financing improvement of agriculture and welfare of farmers.
- The proceeds are first credited to the Consolidated Fund of India and the Central Government may, after due appropriation made by Parliament, utilise the money for such specified purposes as it may consider necessary.
- KKC is different from the Krishi Kalyan Surcharge (KKS). Surcharge levied at 7.5% of the undisclosed income will be called as KKS, which is also to be used for agriculture and rural economy.