Current Affairs for Engineering Service Exam
Video Lectures and Test Series for ESE 2019
- National and International Issues on
- Economic Development
- Social Development
- Industrial Development
- Energy and Environment
- Information and Communication Technology
- The Key Initiatives of Government
- General Knowledge
Topic 1:Social development
Youth Road Safety Learners Licence Programme
Ministry of State for Road Transport and Highways launched the Youth Road Safety Learners Licence programme in New Delhi.
- The programme is a PPP initiative to be run in collaboration with Diageo India and the Institute of Road Traffic Education (IRTE)
- Attempts to bring a formal and structured training program for young, first-time drivers as they apply for learner’s license.
- This programme will help the Government achieve its target of reducing road accidents by 50 percent by 2020.
Reasons for high road accidents:
- Rash driving
- Drunken driving
- Lack of adequate safety measures like not wearing helmets
Road to Safety initiative :
To provide capacity building training to traffic police officials and educate commercial drivers such as truckers and bus drivers and university students on the dangers of drunken driving.
Read more at: PIB
International Day of Rural Women
October 15 is observed, respectively, as International Day of Rural Women by the United Nations, and National Women’s Farmer’s Day (Rashtriya Mahila Kisan Diwas) in India.
- About 18% of the agricultural households in India are led by women.
- Women have been making exceptional contribution in horticulture, fisheries, animal husbandry, beekeeping etc.
- A research by the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) conducted in nine states shows that the participation of women is:
- 75% in the production of major crops
- 79% in horticulture
- 51% in post-harvest work and
- 95% in animal husbandry and fisheries.
- A National Gender Resource Centre in Agriculture, set up in the Department of Agriculture Cooperation & Farmers Welfare
- The cooperative education programs of women are organized through State Cooperative Societies to ensure women’s participation in various activities in the field of cooperatives.
- Special importance is being given to the role of women in achieving the goal of doubling farmers’ income by 2022.
Challenges faced by rural women:
- Powerlessness of women in terms of claiming ownership of the land
- Lack of access to formal credit
- Lack of access to market
- Less access to resources and modern inputs
Read more at: The Hindu
Topic 2 : Environment
Air Quality Early Warning System for Delhi
Air Quality Early Warning System for Delhi launched.
- The System is designed to predict extreme air pollution events
- Give alerts to take necessary steps as per Graded Response Action Plan (GRAP) of the Government of India.
- A new website developed for archiving all the observational and prediction products was also launched
About air pollution system:
- The air pollution system has been developed jointly by the scientists at Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology (IITM), Pune, India Meteorological Department and National Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasting (NCMRWF).
- Real time observations of air quality over Delhi region and details about natural aerosols like dust (from dust storms) and particulate matter using different satellite data sets.
- Predictions of air pollutants from two different air quality prediction systems based on state-of-the-art atmospheric chemistry transport models
- Warning Messages and Alerts and Bulletins.
Read more at: PIB
Topic 3 : ICT
European Space Agency’s (Esa) first mission to Mercury- BepiColombo, is all set for launch to determine if the nearest planet to the Sun contains water.
- The four-tonne spacecraft will be launched into orbit by Esa’s rocket Ariane 5 from the European spaceport
- It will then make a 5.2bn mile journey over seven years to reach its destination by 2025.
- BepiColombo is a joint mission between ESA and the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA), executed under ESA
- The mission comprises two spacecraft:
- The Mercury Planetary Orbiter (MPO)-study the surface and internal composition of the planet
- The Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter (MMO)-will study Mercury’s magnetosphere
- A mission can provide to enhance our understanding of the planet itself as well as the formation of our Solar System
Read more at: TOI
Topic 4: The Key Initiatives of Government
Traditional Knowledge Digital Library (TKDL)
- TKDL is an Indian initiative to prevent exploitation and to protect Indian traditional knowledge from wrongful patents mainly at International Patent Offices.
- TKDL contains Indian traditional medicine knowledge in a digitized format and is available in five international languages (English, French, zGerman, Spanish and Japanese).
- Indian traditional medicine knowledge in TKDL pertains to traditional books related to Ayurveda, Unani and Siddha.
- CSIR is the implementing agency for TKDL. Funds under the scheme are provided only to CSIR and no funds have been allocated to any state.
- Direct Benefit Transfer for LPG consumer (DBTL) scheme called, `PAHAL‘ aims to reduce leakage of subsidy, reduce intermediaries and eliminate duplicate LPG connections by introducing direct cash transfer of subsidies.
- LPG consumers, who join the scheme, will get the LPG cylinders at market price and receive the subsidy directly into their bank accounts.
- The scheme required the consumer to mandatorily have a bank account linked with Aadhaar number for availing LPG Subsidy.
- If they do not possess Aadhaar number, they will have to link their bank account directly with their 17 digit LPG ID.
Topic 5: General Knowledge
Sikkim wins FAO’s 100 per cent organic state award
India’s “100 per cent organic state” Sikkim has won the “Oscar for best policies” conferred by the Food and Agriculture Organisation.
- The award for world’s best policies promoting agro ecological and sustainable food systems
- The award is co-organised by tby the Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations (FAO), the World Future Council (WFC) and IFOAM – Organics International.
- Sikkim is the first organic state in the world
- Sikkim’s approach reaches beyond organic production and has proven truly transformational for the state and its citizens.
About Sikkim status:
- Sikkim became the first state in India to officially announce adoption of organic farming in the year 2003
- To ensure long term sustenance of soil fertility, protection of environment and ecology, healthy living and decreasing the risk of health ailments
Read more at :TOI