October 14,2018

Quiz – October 11,2018
October 12, 2018
Quiz – October 12,2018
October 14, 2018

Current Affairs for Engineering Service Exam

Video Lectures and Test Series for ESE 2019

 Topics list:

  1. National and International Issues on
    1. Economic Development
    2. Social Development
    3. Industrial Development
  2. Energy and Environment
    1. Energy
    2. Environment
  3. Information and Communication Technology
    1. Technology
    2. Application
  4. The Key Initiatives of Government
  5. General Knowledge

Topic 1:Economic development

BRICS Rating Agency

Highlights of feasibility study :

  • It should be completely independent and private sector led.
  • The need is felt by the emerging markets and developing economies for a rating methodology that takes into account the country circumstances of these economies

About BRICS:

  • BRICS is an acronym for Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa and is an association of these countries.
  • They have been identified as the fastest growing economies in the world.
  • The group has a bank called as the New Development Bank whose primary focus remains lending money for infrastructure development among the countries.
  • Relations among the members are mainly on the basis of non-interference, equality and mutual benefit.

Read more at: PIB

Topic 1:Social development

National Health Profile-2018

The Central Bureau of Health Intelligence (CBHI), under the aegis of the Directorate General of Health Services released an Analytical Report of the National Health Profile-2018.

The Report:

  • The National Health Profile covers demographic, socio-economic, health status and health finance indicators, along with comprehensive information on health infrastructure and human resources in health.
  • The National Health Resource Repository (NHRR) – country’s first ever national healthcare facility registry of authentic, standardized and updated geo-spatial data of all public & private healthcare establishments.

The NHRR project:

  • The NHRR project involves conducting a national census for all public and private healthcare facilities including hospitals, doctors, clinics, blood banks, pharmacies, diagnostic labs etc.
  • The aim of the project is to develop a comprehensive platform for over 25 lakh healthcare establishments.
  • The platform will be very useful for all key stakeholders – government, private health establishments and the public.
  • Establish a National Health Resource Repository for evidence based decision making – aligned with Digital India mission.
  • The vision of the NHRR project is to strengthen evidence-based decision making and develop a platform for citizen and provider-centric services by creating a robust, standardized and secured IT-enabled repository of India’s healthcare resources.
  • NHRR will be the ultimate platform for comprehensive information of both, Private and Public healthcare establishments including Railways, ESIC, Defense and Petroleum healthcare establishments.
  • NHRR will cohesively work with Ayushman Bharat – National Health Protection Mission (AB-NHPM) and Central TB Division (CTD) on an integrated plan for the larger benefit of ensuing Hospital empanelment and private sector engagement.

Key benefits:

  • To create a reliable, unified registry of country’s healthcare resources
  • It shall generate real-world intelligence to identify gaps in health and service ratios
  • Ensure judicious health resource allocation and management.
  • It shall identify key areas of improvement by upgrading existing health facilities or establishing new health facilities keeping in view the population density, geographic nature, health condition, distance, etc.
  • To ensure superior health access, service delivery and improve transparency & accountability for effective centre-to-state funding.
  • Improve the visibility of Private providers to enable Public-Private Partnerships.
  • Provide access to information on health service providers to the citizen of India

Read more at: PIB

Topic 2 : Energy

India’s emergency oil reserve

Highlights:

  • The plan is to build underground caverns that can hold a combined 6.5 million tons of crude at two locations
  • The two new reserves include 4 million tons of storage at Chandikhol in the eastern state of Odisha and a 2.5 million-ton facility at Padur in southern India’s Karnataka.
  • The state-run ISPRL will collaborate with private entities, who will invest in the project
  • Expanding strategic petroleum reserves to shield the economy from oil-price volatility.
  • The new SPRs will be sufficient to cover the country’s oil needs for another 12 days

Read more at: ET

Topic 3 : ICT

100k Genome Asia Project

A group of Indian scientists and companies are involved with a 100k GenomeAsia project, led out of the National Technological University (NTU), Singapore, to sequence the whole genomes of 100k Asians, including 50,000 Indians.

About the project:

  • A non-profit consortium called GenomeAsia 100K has announced an ambitious plan to sequence 100,000 Asian individuals in hopes of accelerating precision medicine applications for Asian populations.
  • It will also leverage on big data analytics and advances in data science and artificial intelligence.
  • In the first phase, the project will focus on creating phased reference genomes for all major Asian ethnic groups—representing a major step forward in understanding the population history and substructure of the region
  • The sequencing of 100,000 individual genomes will be paired with microbiome, clinical and phenotype information to allow deeper analysis of diseased and healthy individuals in the context of inferred local ancestries.

Importance of the project:

  • It has a direct impact on public health.
  • To understand the biology of disease in the currently under-studied Asian populations
  • Understanding of several rare and inherited diseases

India’s initiative:

  • India is planning a major mission to sequence the genes of a “large” group of Indians — akin to projects in the United Kingdom, China, Japan and Australia
  • To improve health as well as buck a global trend of designing ‘personalised medicine.
  • The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare and the Department of Biotechnology would be closely associated with the project.

Read more at: The Hindu

The Chandra X-Ray Observatory

NASA’s the Chandra X-Ray Observatory, observing the universe in high-energy light since 1999, has entered a protective ‘safe mode’.

Safety measures:

  • During the safe mode, the observatory is put into a safe configuration, critical hardware is swapped to back-up units, the spacecraft points so that the solar panels get maximum sunlight, and the mirrors point away from the Sun.

About Chandra X-Ray Observatory:

  • The Chandra X-Ray Observatory is a NASA telescope that looks at black holes, quasars, supernovas, and the like – all sources of high energy in the universe.
  • It shows a side of the cosmos that is invisible to the human eye.
  • It was previously known as the Advanced X-ray Astrophysics Facility (AXAF).
  • The telescope is named after the Nobel Prize-winning Indian-American astrophysicist Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar.

Read more at: The Hindu

Topic 4: The Key Initiatives of Government

Swayam Prabha

  • The Swayam Prabha is a group of 32 DTH channels devoted to telecasting of high-quality educational programmes on 24X7 basis using the GSAT-15 satellite.
  • The channels cover higher education, school education and assist the students (class 11th & 12th) prepare for competitive exams.
  • The contents are provided by IITs, UGC, IGNOU, NCERT and NIOS.
  • Information and Library Network (INFLIBNET), an autonomous Inter-University Centre (IUC) of UGC maintains the web portal.
  • INFLIBNET is involved in creating infrastructure for sharing of library and information resources and services among Academic and Research Institutions.
  • It allows students to choose the time of their convenience for learning.
  • It widens the scope of SWAYAM, an online education platform which covers teachers training, graduate and post graduate courses.
  • Under Swayam Prabha, the government had one DTH channel in English and Hindi of the 32 channels for telecasting educational programmes dedicated to teacher training.

Vittiya Saksharata Abhiyan (VISAKA)

  • It is a financial literacy campaign.
  • It is to actively engage the students of Higher Education Institutions to encourage them to use a digitally enabled cashless economic system for transfer of funds.
  • Ministry of HRD also aims to make financial transactions completely digital in all higher education institutions.

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