Current Affairs for Engineering Service Exam
Video Lectures and Test Series for ESE 2019
- National and International Issues on
- Economic Development
- Social Development
- Industrial Development
- Energy and Environment
- Information and Communication Technology
- The Key Initiatives of Government
- General Knowledge
Topic 1:Economic development
Vision of a USD 5 Trillion Indian Economy
The Working Group tasked to develop a roadmap towards achieving a 5 trillion dollar economy by 2025 has prepared its report.
- India is one of the fastest growing major economies and is currently ranked as the world’s sixth largest economy.
- The current structure of the economy and the emerging dynamics provide grounds to target achieving:
- 1 trillion dollar from agriculture and allied activities
- 1 trillion from manufacturing
- 3 trillion from services.
- In agriculture the Government is aiming to reorient policy focus from being production-centric to becoming income-centric.
- The proposed Industrial Policy 2018 provides an overarching, sector-agnostic agenda for the enterprises of the future and envisions creating a globally competitive Indian industry that is modern, sustainable and inclusive.
- The Champion Services sector initiative is also under way to accelerate the expansion of select service sectors.
The Working Group:
- The Working Group was constituted by the Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion in the Ministry of Commerce and Industry with participation from government and industry.
- The Group held extensive and broad-based consultations with stakeholders to better understand the aspirations and the potential.
Read more at: PIB
Topic 1:Social development
Global Hunger Index 2018
The Global Hunger Index report 2018 released annually by Welthungerhilfe and Concern Worldwide.
Component indicators of GHI:
- Undernourishment: the share of the population which is undernourished and reflects insufficient caloric intake.
- Child wasting:the share of children under the age of five who are wasted (low weight-for-height), reflecting acute undernutrition.
- Child Stunting: the share of children under the age of five who are stunted (low height-for-age), reflecting chronic undernutrition.
- Child mortality:the mortality rate of children under the age of five.
Dimensions of hunger: The GHI scores are based on a formula that captures three dimensions of hunger-
- Insufficient caloric intake
- Child under nutrition
- Child mortality
Performance of India:
- India has been ranked at 103 out of 119 countries in the Global Hunger Index 2018, with hunger levels in the country categorized as “serious”.
- At least one in five Indian children under the age of five is wasted.
- India’s ranking has dropped three places from last year
- The percentage of undernourished people in the population has dropped from 18.2% in 2000 to 14.8% in 2018.
- The child mortality rate has halved from 9.2% to 4.3%.
- The child stunting has dropped from 54.2% to 38.4% over the same period
The only country with a higher prevalence of child wasting is the war-torn nation of South Sudan.
- Hunger and forced migration world wide
- The Index projects that at the current rate of progress, 50 countries will fail to reach the “low” hunger category by 2030.
Read more at:The Hindu
Topic 1:Industrial development
Special Central Government Package for Footwear and Leather Sector
The Central Government has approved a special package for employment generation in leather and footwear sector.
- The package involves implementation of Central Sector Scheme – Indian Footwear, Leather & Accessories Development Programme (IFLADP) with an approved expenditure of Rs. 2600 Crore for 2017-20.
- The scheme aims at development of infrastructure for the leather sector, address environmental concerns specific to the leather sector, facilitate additional investments, generate employment and increase production
- Enhanced Tax incentives
- Reforms in labour laws
- DIPP has also given in-principal approval for mega leather cluster at Bantala in West Bengal
Read more at: PIB
Revised Consumer Price Index Numbers on Base year
- The Central Statistics Office (CSO), Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation has revised the Base Year of the Consumer Price Index (CPI).
- The base year revised from 2010=100 to 2012=100.
- It will effect from the release of indices for the month of January 2015.
- The CPI (Rural, Urban, Combined) on Base 2012=100 is being released for the month of September 2018.
- The Consumer Food Price Index (CFPI) for all India Rural, Urban and Combined are also being released for September 2018.
- A consumer price index (CPI) measures changes in the price level of market basket of consumer goods and services purchased by households.
- It is a statistical estimate constructed using the prices of a sample of representative items whose prices are collected periodically.
- The index is usually computed monthly, or quarterly in some countries, as a weighted average of sub-indices for different components of consumer expenditure.
Read more at: PIB
National Electronics Policy 2018
The Union Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) has released the draft of the National Electronics Policy 2018.
- The policy aiming for a turnover of $400 billion in domestic electronics manufacturing by 2025
- Promoting ease-of-doing business for the entire electronic system design manufacturing or ESDM sector
- Encouraging industry-led research and development and innovation in all sub-sectors of electronics.
- The policy targets production of one billion mobile handsets by 2025
- Push the startup ecosystem in emerging technology areas
- Provision of suitable direct tax benefits
- Replacing the M-SIPS (Modified Special Incentive Package Scheme) with schemes that are easier to implement such as interest subsidy and credit default guarantee, etc.
- The ministry of electronics and information technology (MeitY) will “coordinate with the concerned ministries/departments to provide incentives to industry for rapid and robust expansion of electronics hardware manufacturing within the country.
Read more at: ET
Centre for the Fourth Industrial Revolution
The World Economic Forum has announced its new Centre for the Fourth Industrial Revolution in India.
About the centre:
- It would aim to bring together the government and business leaders to pilot emerging technology policies.
- The centre would be based in Maharashtra
- It has selected drones, artificial intelligence and blockchain as the first three project areas.
- It will work in collaboration with the government on a national level to co-design new policy frameworks and protocols for emerging technology
- NITI Aayog will coordinate the partnership on behalf of the government and the work of the centre among multiple ministries.
- The WEF has entered into partnerships with the Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh governments for the new initiative and more states would be roped in going forward.
- The new centre in India will work closely with project teams in San Francisco, Tokyo and Beijing, where such Centres are already present.
Fourth Industrial Revolution:
The fourth industrial revolution is a technological revolution that will fundamentally alter the way we live, work and relate to one another.
Read more at: PIB
Topic 4: The Key Initiatives of Government
Crime and Criminal Tracking Network and Systems (CCTNS)
- It is a Mission Mode Project (MMP) under the National e-Governance Plan of Govt. of India.
- It is aimed to create a comprehensive and integrated system for enhancing the efficiency and effectiveness of Police.
- A nationwide networked infrastructure for evolution of IT-enabled state-of-the-art tracking system around ―investigation of crime and detection of criminals‖ will be created to automate police functions at police Station and higher levels.
- It will also create facilities and mechanism to provide public services like registration of online complaints, ascertaining the status of case registered at the police station, verification of persons etc.
- It is a portal launched by the Ministry of HRD.
- It is a State-NGO-CSR Portal to aid the collaboration among the stakeholders in sharing innovative practices in various schools.
- Shaala Siddhi is a comprehensive school evaluation system focused on well-defined quality based parameters that facilitates Schools to make professional judgments for improvement.