Current Affairs for Engineering Service Exam
National and International Issues on
Energy and Environment
Information and Communication Technology
The Key Initiatives of Government
Topic 1:Economic development
International Monetary Fund (IMF) projected India’s growth at 7.3% in 2018 and 7.4% next year.
India will regain the tag of the world’s fastest growing major economy
It will be surpassing China with more than 0.7 percentage points.
Important reforms have been implemented in the recent years, including the Goods and Services Tax (GST), the inflation-targeting framework, the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code.
Steps to liberalise foreign investment and
Easier to do business
The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is an international organization headquartered in Washington, D.C.,
It consists of 189 countries
It aims to foster global monetary cooperation, secure financial stability, facilitate international trade, promote high employment and sustainable economic growth, and reduce poverty around the world.
Read more at: The Hindu
Topic 2 : Environment
The Central Government notified the minimum environmental flows for River Ganga that has to be maintained at various locations on the river.
Environmental flows are the acceptable flow regimes that are required to maintain a river in the desired environmental state or predetermined state
The notification of e-flow for the river would go a long way in ensuring its Avirala dhara or continuous flow.
It will ensure that the river has at least the minimum required flow of water even after the river flow gets diverted by projects and structures for purposes like irrigation, hydropower, domestic and industrial use.
It will apply to the upper Ganga River Basin
It is applicable to all existing, under-construction and future projects. The existing projects which currently do not meet the norms will have to ensure that the desired environmental flow norms are complied with within a period of three years.
The mini and micro projects which do not alter the flow characteristics of the river or stream significantly are exempted from these environmental flows.
About Avirala dhara:
The Vision for Ganga Rejuvenation constitutes restoring the wholesomeness of the river defined in terms of ensuring “Aviral Dhara” (Continuous Flow”).
Implement the work programme of National Ganga River Basin Authority(NGRBA).
Implement the World Bank supported National Ganga River Basin Project.
Coordinate and oversee the implementation of projects sanctioned by Government of India under NGRBA.
Read more at: PIB
‘Titli’ is expected to hit Arabian sea and another cyclonic storm ‘LUBAN’ has hit the Arabian sea.
Naming of Cyclones:
An international panel on tropical cyclones decided that countries from the region would each put in names, which would be assigned to storms in the Bay of Bengal and Arabian Sea.
Eight countries — India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Maldives, Myanmar, Oman, Sri Lanka and Thailand – participated and came up with a list of 64 names.
In the event of a storm, the Regional Specialized Meteorological Centre, New Delhi, selects a name from the list.
Read more at: The Hindu
Topic 2 : Energy
India’s renewable energy generation capacity is expected to reach 140 Gigawatt (GW) by 2022-23 as per research and ratings agency CRISIL report
The government is planning to ramp up the country’s green energy capacity base to 175 GW by 2022 from the current 72 GW.
The solar power installed capacity grew at a breakneck speed to 22 GW in financial year 2017-18
Renewables accounted for a 9 per cent share in the private infrastructure investment mix between 2007-08 and 2016-17
Solar power would account for around a half of the target followed by wind energy with 40 per cent.
Indian government’s global commitment to reduce carbon emissions and availability of foreign funding at attractive rates would also support the growth of the renewable energy sector.
Falling module prices
Increased private sector investment
Productivity and competitiveness
Slowdown due to:
Uncertainty among developers
Renegotiations from discoms
Sector migrated to a competitive bidding mechanism
Read more at: ET
Topic 3 : ICT
The Indian Air Force has launched an innovative mobile health App named `MedWatch’ in keeping with the vision of ‘Digital India’.
The concept and content of the App is by the Directorate General of Medical Services (Air)
It has been developed in-house with zero financial outlay by the Directorate of Information Technology (DIT).
It will provide authentic health information to all IAF personnel.
A Reminder Tool to enable timely immunization for the children of all Air Warriors is an important component of the App. This will directly enable ‘Mission Indradhanush’ of the Govt of India.
Read more at: PIB
Topic 4: The Key Initiatives of Government
It is a pan-India electronic trading portal which networks the existing APMC mandis to create a unified national market for agricultural commodities.
NAM is a virtual market but it is connected to a physical market (mandi) at the back end and promotes genuine price discovery.
Funding – Funded by Agri-Tech Infrastructure Fund (ATIF) which is set up through the Small Farmers Agribusiness Consortium (SFAC).
License – Liberal licensing of traders and commission agents by state authorities and one license for a trader is valid across all markets in the state.
Market Fee – Single point levy on the first wholesale purchase from the farmer.
Implementation – A Central Sector Scheme. Willing states enact suitable provisions in their APMC act for integration with the e-platform
Soil Testing Laboratories available in the mandis itself.
It seeks to transform Indian agriculture into a climate resilient production system through suitable adaptation and mitigation measures in domains of both crops and animal husbandry.
Promotes location specific integrated/Composite Farming Systems
Conserve natural resources through appropriate soil and moisture conservation measures
Adopt comprehensive soil health management practices
Optimize utilization of water resources through efficient water management to expand coverage for achieving more crop per drop
Develop capacity of farmers & stakeholders
Topic 5: General Knowledge
Union Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) has launched India for Humanity initiative to commemorate the 150th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi and honour of his service to humanity.
It will feature year-long series of artificial limb fitment camps in a number of countries spanning globe.
MEA has collaborated with the charitable organisation Bhagwan Mahaveer Viklang Sahayata Samiti (BMVSS).
It aims to provide physical, economic and social rehabilitation of differently-abled around world by helping them regain their mobility and dignity to become self-respecting and productive members of society.
It focuses on Mahatma Gandhi’s philosophy of compassion, caring and service to humanity.
Read more at: Newsonair
Jal Bachao,Video Banao, Puraskar Pao contest was launched by the Ministry in collaboration with the MyGov portal of the Government of India with the objective of spreading awareness about water conservation.
Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation appeals to the people of India to make and upload videos capturing the efforts, significant contributions, best practices in the field of Water Conservation, Optimum Water Utilization and Water Resource Development and Management in different parts of the country.
Read more at: PIB