November 6,2018November 6, 2018
November 8,2018November 8, 2018
Current Affairs for Engineering Service Exam
Video Lectures and Test Series for ESE 2019
- National and International Issues on
- Economic Development
- Social Development
- Industrial Development
- Energy and Environment
- Information and Communication Technology
- The Key Initiatives of Government
- General Knowledge
Topic 2 : Environment
Greater flamingoes visit Hope Island
After a long a gap, a flock of five greater flamingoes has been spotted on the Coast of Hope Island, a part of the Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary.
About Hope Island:
- Hope island is a part of the Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary, off the coast of Kakinada, Andhra Pradesh.
- It is relatively a young island, formed from the sediment outflow carried by the waters of the Koringa River, a distributary of the Godavari
- Around 236 species of migratory birds are spotted in and around the sanctuary with over 60,000 water birds visiting the sanctuary every year.
About greater flamingoes:
- The greater flamingoes are the filter feeders and get their characteristic pink colour from their diet of brine shrimps and algae available in the coastal wetlands.
- It is found in Africa, on the Indian subcontinent, in the Middle East, and in southern Europe.
- The flamingoes are the indicators of healthy coastal environment,
Read more at: The Hindu
Topic 2 : Energy
US agrees to grant India waiver from Iran sanctions
The US has broadly agreed to grant India a waiver from Iran sanctions after the Indian side decided to cut oil imports from Tehran by about a third in 2018-19.
- The US plans to re-impose oil-related sanctions on Iran on November 4 to choke the Islamic Republic’s biggest source of income and pressure it to renegotiate a new nuclear deal.
- Any country, or company, trading with Iran without US consent after sanctions kick off risks getting cut off from the American financial system.
- The US wanted everyone to reduce oil imports from Iran to zero eventually, but was open to country-specific waivers that would allow limited imports by those pledging ‘significant’ cut.
- Indian companies can import 1.25 million tonnes a month up to March 2019, the same as they ordered for October and November.
- The Indian side, while building its case for a waiver, assured the US that this payment mechanism ensures Iran can’t use oil money from India for any terror-related activity, a key American concern.
- India also told the US that it would like to import more American oil if it came on competitive terms.
- India prefers Iranian oil as it comes cheap and suits many refineries’ technical configuration.
- The US will be granting these exemptions to China, Italy, Greece, Japan, South Korea, Taiwan ,Turkey along with India,
Read more at: ET
Topic 3 : ICT
‘Shakti’ India’s first microprocessor
IIT-Madras has designed India’s first microprocessor ‘Shakti.
- It is aimed at developing industrial-grade microprocessors and other components of the microprocessor ecosystem.
- The microprocessor fabricated in India was in a 180nm facility, while the one in the US was in a 20nm. Lab.
- It will reduce dependency on imported microchips and the risk of cyber attacks
- It will be ideal for communication and defence sectors.
- It can be used in mobile computing, wireless and networking systems.
- It may also provide power to mobile phones, smart meters and surveillance cameras.
Read more at: TOI
India elected as a Member of the International Telecommunications Union
India has been elected as a Member of the International Telecommunications Union (ITU) Council for another 4-year term (2019-2022).
- India ranked third among the 13 countries elected to the Council from the Asia-Australasia region, and eighth among the 48 countries elected to the Council globally
- India has been an active member of the ITU since 1869, earnestly supporting the development and propagation of telecom in the global community of nations.
- The country has been a regular member of the ITU Council since 1952, and has played an important role in harmonizing the contributions of member States from the region, always respecting the principles of equality and consensus-building.
- The International Telecommunication Union (ITU) is an agency of the United Nations (UN) whose purpose is to coordinate telecommunication operations and services throughout the world.
- ITU headquarters are in Geneva, Switzerland.
- The ITU consists of three sectors:
- Radiocommunication (ITU-R) – ensures optimal, fair and rational use of the radio frequency (RF) spectrum
- Telecommunication Standardization ( ITU-T ) – formulates recommendations for standardizing telecommunication operations worldwide
- Telecommunication Development (ITU-D) – assists countries in developing and maintaining internal communication operations
- Coordinates the Use of the Radio Spectrum
- Promotes Cooperative Satellite Orbit Assignment
- Improves Telecommunication Infrastructure
- Develops Worldwide Technical Standards
- Supports Telecommunication Education
Read more at: PIB
Topic 4: The Key Initiatives of Government
- It aims to engage constructively with Poor Minority youth and help them obtain sustainable and gainful employment opportunities that can facilitate them to be integrated with mainstream economic activities.
- Integrated Skill Training is being provided to the youth in market driven skills.
- The other objectives include, raise awareness and sensitization in health and life skills, Mobilize school dropout minority youths with formal education and certification upto level 8th or 10th through National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS) or other State open schooling systems.
- It was launched for the first time in J&K in 2016, where girls from minority communities are being imparted three-month skill development training in seven identified sectors relevant to the region.
Deendayal Upadhyay Gram Jyoti Yojana (DDUGJY)
- It is the flagship programme of Ministry of Power to provide 24X7 power supply to rural areas.
- It focuses on feeder separation (rural households & agricultural) and strengthening of sub-transmission & distribution infrastructure including metering at all levels in rural areas.
- This will help in providing round the clock power to rural households and adequate power to agricultural consumers.
- Rajiv Gandhi Grameen Vidyutikaran Yojana (RGGVY) has been subsumed in it.
- Integrated Power Development Scheme (IPDS) – It isto provide 24×7 power supply in the urban area.
- Remote Village Electrification Programme (RVEP) is a scheme implemented by Ministry of New & Renewable energy in various states to provide basic lighting through Renewable Energy Sources in unelectrified villages and hamlets of electrified census villages.