Current Affairs for Engineering Service Exam
Video Lectures and Test Series for ESE 2019
- National and International Issues on
- Economic Development
- Social Development
- Industrial Development
- Energy and Environment
- Information and Communication Technology
- The Key Initiatives of Government
- General Knowledge
Topic 1:Social development
High-End Skill Development Centre
India’s premier National Research Laboratory CSIR-Institute of Microbial Technology (CSIR-IMTECH) announced a new partnership with Merck, a leading German science and technology company, to establish a ‘High End Skill Development Centre’ in CSIR-IMTECH, Chandigarh.
- Equipped with the next generation technologies, like gene editing & single-molecule biomarker detection.
- The centre will help accelerate healthcare research and train Indian students and researchers in latest life science technologies and make them industry ready.
- It will enrich skills by conducting workshops, trainings and seminar series on cutting edges life science processes, tools and techniques.
- The centre will facilitate hands-on experience to learning and real time sample analysis.
- The proposed state of the art Centre will integrate Work-based and Research-based learning by providing next generation lab set-up for carrying out real time sample analysis and learning workshops for selected group of technologies in the domain of Life Sciences.
Read more at:PIB
Topic 1:Industrial development
NPCC is now a Miniratna
National Projects Construction Corporation Limited (NPCC) has been conferred with the status of Miniratna : Category –I by the Government of India.
- The empowerment of Miniratna Status to NPCC will help the company in taking speedy decisions by enhancing the delegation of powers to the Board.
- NPCC, a schedule ‘B’ CPSE under the administrative control of Ministry of Water Resources RD & GR, has also been awarded ISO 9001:2015 Certification.
- The Corporation, incorporated in 1957
- It is a premier construction company having mandate with creation of infrastructure to provide impetus for economic development of the country.
- The concept of Miniratna was introduced by government of India in 2002.
- Miniratnas are allowed to enter into joint ventures, they can set subsidiary companies and can also open offices overseas but with certain limitations.
- Currently there are more than 70 companies having status of Miniratna(Category I & II).
Miniratnas are further divided into two categories:-
Miniratna Category I: To be called as Miniratna under category I, a company must have:
- Made profits for continuosly for last three years.
- The company should have earned a net profit of Rs. 30 crore at least once in three years.
- A company with Miniratna Category I can incur capital expenditure of up-to Rs. 500 crore or equal to their net worth, whichever is lower without the need of approval from Government.
- Miniratna Category II: A Public sector Company can be called as Miniratna of Category II if-
- It has continuously made profit for last three years.
- It has positive net worth.
- Miniratna Category II company have autonomy to incurring the capital expenditure up to Rs. 300 crore or up to 50% of their net worth whichever is lower without prior approval from Government.
Read more at: PIB
Logix India 2019
Logix India 2019 is scheduled to take place in New Delhi from 31st January to 2nd February 2019.
- Logix India 2019 is scheduled to take place in New Delhi from 31st January to 2nd February 2019.
- It will be organized by the Federation of Indian Export Organisations (FIEO).
- It is aimed at exploring logistics partnerships with India and will improve logistics cost effectiveness and operational efficiencies for India’s global trade.
- It will focus on investment opportunities in infrastructure development, warehouse consolidation, technology integration and IT enablement and skilling of manpower.
- Delegates from more than 20 countries including Afghanistan, Iran and Iraq are expected to participate.
- India is ranked 44 in the World Bank Logistics Performance Index 2018.
Read more at: PIB
Topic 2 : Environment
Virtual Climate Summit
The world’s first-ever Virtual Climate Summit took place on November 22, to renew political momentum in tackling climate change.
- It is an innovative climate summit which is an entirely online event to be a carbon neutral event.
- It was announced in the Global Environment Facility (GEF) assembly recently held in Vietnam.
- The summit is convened by the Republic of the Marshall Islands (RMI) in its capacity as the Climate Vulnerable Forum (CVF) chair.
- Its main aim is to encourage the international community to keep global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels.
- The Global Environment Facility (GEF) was established on the eve of the 1992 Rio Earth Summit to help tackle our planet’s most pressing environmental problems.
- The GEF unites 183 countries in partnership with international institutions, civil society organizations (CSOs), and the private sector to address global environmental issues while supporting national sustainable development initiatives.
- The GEF Assembly is composed of all 183 member countries,or Participants. It meets every three to four years at the ministerial level to review general policies; review and evaluate the GEF’s operation based on reports submitted to Council; review the membership of the Facility.
Read more at: The GEF
Climate Vulnerable Forum
The Climate Vulnerable Forum (CVF) is a global partnership of countries that are disproportionately affected by the consequences of global warming.
- The forum addresses the negative effects of global warming as a result of heightened socioeconomic and environmental vulnerabilities.
- It brings together climate vulnerable developing countries from across Africa, Asia, the Caribbean, Latin America and the Pacific.
- It was formed to increase the accountability of industrialized nations for the consequences of global climate change.
- It aims to exert additional pressure for action to tackle the challenge, which includes local action by countries considered susceptible.
- The forum held its first meeting in Maldives in the year 2009.
- The Manila-Paris Declaration and the 2016-2018 Roadmap of the CVF, adopted at this meeting, spell out the CVF’s planned efforts during this time period.
Read more at: The CVF
Topic 3 : ICT
NASA’s InSight spacecraft
NASA’s InSight spacecraft lands on red planet after six-month journey.
- InSight is part of NASA’s Discovery Program, managed by the agency’s Marshall Space Flight Center.
- It will be the first mission to peer deep beneath the Martian surface, studying the planet’s interior by measuring its heat output and listening for marsquakes, which are seismic events similar to earthquakes on Earth.
- It will use the seismic waves generated by marsquakes to develop a map of the planet’s deep interior.
- It is a terrestrial planet explorer that would address one of the most fundamental issues of planetary and solar system.
- It would delve deep beneath the surface of Mars, detecting the fingerprints of the processes of terrestrial planet formation, as well as measuring the planet’s “vital signs”: Its “pulse” (seismology), “temperature” (heat flow probe), and “reflexes” (precision tracking).
Read more at: The Hindu