November 26,2018

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November 25, 2018
November 27,2018
November 27, 2018

Current Affairs for Engineering Service Exam

Video Lectures and Test Series for ESE 2019

 Topics list:

  1. National and International Issues on
    1. Economic Development
    2. Social Development
    3. Industrial Development
  2. Energy and Environment
    1. Energy
    2. Environment
  3. Information and Communication Technology
    1. Technology
    2. Application
  4. The Key Initiatives of Government
  5. General Knowledge

Topic 1:Social development

The Regional Integrated Multi-Hazard Early Warning System (RIMES)

The Regional Integrated Multi-Hazard Early Warning System (RIMES) for Africa and Asia, a 45-nation international organisation on disaster warning, has termed ‘Titli’, the severe cyclonic storm that devastated Odisha in October, as ‘rarest cyclone’.

Highlights:

  • Titli cyclone is the rarest of rare in terms of its characteristics such as recurvature after landfall and retaining its destructive potential after landfall and recurvature away from the coastal areas for more than two days.
  • The State government actions linked to the cyclone-risk management are also heavily focused on the coastal areas where cyclones cross at their peak intensities.

About RIMES:

  • RIMES was established on 30 April 2009 to provide user-relevant early warning services to its Member States and others.
  • The Regional Integrated Multi-Hazard Early Warning System (RIMES) for Africa and Asia, a 45-nation international organisation on disaster warning.
  • It is governed by a Council, composed of heads of National Meteorological and Hydrological Services (NMHSs).
  • Council decisions are carried out by the RIMES Secretariat, which is currently Maldives.
  • RIMES programs and projects are implemented by the Program Unit, which also operates and manages the regional early warning facility, located near Bangkok, Thailand.

Read more at: The Hindu

Topic 2 : Environment

Andaman & Nicobar Islands fauna species

A recent publication by the Zoological Survey of India (ZSI) titled Faunal Diversity of Biogeographic Zones: Islands of India has for the first time come up with a database of all faunal species found on the Andaman & Nicobar island.

Highlights:

  • The documentation proves that the islands, comprising only 0.25% of India’s geographical area, are home to more than 10% of the country’s fauna species.
  • Andaman and Nicobar Islands one of the richest ecosystems and biodiversity hot spots in India.
  • The population of the islands, which includes six particularly vulnerable tribal groups (PVTGs) — Great Andamanese, Onge, Jarawa, Sentinelese, Nicobarese and Shompens.
  • The Government of India relaxed the Restricted Area Permit (RAP) norms for some foreign nationalities notified under the Foreigners (Restricted Areas) Order, 1963, to visit 29 of its inhabited islands, till December 31, 2022. This has triggered further concerns of increased anthropogenic pressures over the islands’ ecosystem.
  • Among the 46 terrestrial mammalian species found, three species have been categorised as Critically Endangered — Andaman shrew (Crocidura andamanensis), Jenkin’s shrew (C. jenkinsi) and Nicobar shrew (C. nicobarica). Five species are listed as Endangered, nine species as Vulnerable, and one species as Near Threatened, according to the IUCN.
  • Many of the bird species are placed in the IUCN Red List of threatened species under the Wildlife Protection Act (WPA)
  • The islands’ ecosystem is its marine faunal diversity, which includes coral reefs and its associated fauna.
  • The  marine fauna found on the islands, the dugong/sea cow, and the Indo-Pacific humpback dolphin, are both classified as Vulnerable under the IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) Red List of Threatened Species.

Threats:

  • Tourism
  • Illegal construction and mining
  • Anthropogenic reasons

Read more at: The Hindu

Topic 2 : Energy

The City Gas Distribution (CGD) projects

The the foundation stone for City Gas Distribution (CGD) projects across 129 districts to boost availability of gas supply for half of the country’s population in 26 states and Union Territories will lay by the Prime Minister.

Key Facts:

  • The projects, recently awarded by the Petroleum and Natural Gas Regulatory Board (PNGRB) would cover 65 Geographical Areas (GAs).
  • It aims to shift towards a gas-based economy, will increase the availability of clean cooking fuel or Piped Natural Gas (PNG) and transportation fuel Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) for consumers.
  • Natural Gas in the form of CNG is 60 per cent cheaper as compared to petrol and 45 per cent cheaper as compared to diesel.
  • Natural gas in the form of PNG is 40 per cent cheaper as compared with market price LPG and price of PNG almost matches with that of subsidised LPG based on prices in Delhi.

Read more at: ET

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