November 22,2018

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Current Affairs for Engineering Service Exam

Video Lectures and Test Series for ESE 2019

 Topics list:

  1. National and International Issues on
    1. Economic Development
    2. Social Development
    3. Industrial Development
  2. Energy and Environment
    1. Energy
    2. Environment
  3. Information and Communication Technology
    1. Technology
    2. Application
  4. The Key Initiatives of Government
  5. General Knowledge

Topic 1:Social development

Institution’s Innovation Council (IIC) Program

Union HRD Ministry launched the ‘Institution’s Innovation Council (IIC) program under Innovation cell of MHRD.

Key Facts:

  • It is a significant step in institutionalising innovation and developing a scientific temperament in the country.
  • To encourage, inspire and nurture young students by exposing them to new ideas and processes resulting in innovative activities in their formative years.
  • To promote innovation through multitudinous modes leading to an innovation promotion eco-system in their campuses.

About Innovation cell:

Ministry of Human Resource Development has established an “Innovation cell” at AICTE with a purpose to systematically foster the culture of Innovation in all Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) across the country.

Read more at: PIB

Allied and Healthcare Professions Bill, 2018

The Union Cabinet has approved the Allied and Healthcare Professions Bill, 2018 for regulation and standardisation of education and services by allied and healthcare professionals.

Highlights:

  • The Bill provides for setting up of an Allied and Healthcare Council of India and corresponding State Allied and Healthcare Councils which will play the role of a standard-setter and facilitator for professions of Allied and Healthcare.
  • The Bill also empowers the Central and State Governments to make rules.
  • Central Govt. has the power to issue directions to the Council, to make regulations and to add or amend the schedule.

Targets:

  • An Interim Council will be constituted within 6 months of passing of the Act holding charge for a period of two years until the establishment of the Central Council.
  • The Council at the Centre and the States are to be established as body corporate with a provision to receive funds from various sources.
  • Councils will also be supported by Central and State Governments respectively through Grant-in-aid as needed. However, if the State Government expresses inability, the Central Government may release some grant for initial years to the State Council.

Read more at: PIB

Topic 2 : Environment

Atmosphere & Climate Research-Modelling Observing Systems & Services

The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs has approved continuation of the nine sub-schemes of the umbrella scheme “Atmosphere & Climate Research-Modelling Observing Systems & Services (ACROSS)” during 2017-2020.

Highlights:

  • It will be implemented by the Ministry of Earth Sciences through its institutes namely India Meteorological Department (IMD), Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology (IITM), National Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasting (NCMRWF), and Indian National Centre for Ocean Information Service(INCOIS).
  • A sizable number of scientific and technical staff along with requisite administrative support, thereby generating employment.        
  • To ensure last-mile connectivity of the weather based services to the end -user, a large number of agencies like the Krishi Vigyana Kendras of Indian Council of Agricultural Research, Universities and local municipalities are roped in thus generating employment opportunities to many people.
  • To provide a reliable weather and climate forecast for betterment of society, the scheme will aim at improving skill of weather and climate forecast through sustained observations, intensive R & D, and by adopting effective dissemination and communication strategies to ensure its timely reach to the end-user of all services like Agro-meteorological Services, Aviation service, Environmental monitoring services, Hydro-meteorological services, climate services, tourism, pilgrimage, mountaineering etc.,

Read more at: PIB

BASIC Meet

The BASIC (Brazil, South Africa, India and China) group recently met to put pressure on developed countries to meet pre-2020 climate efforts, and to “progressively” and “substantially” scale up their financial support for future action.

Key Facts:

  • In a joint statement, urged developed countries to take urgent actions to close the pre-2020 implementation gaps by 2023 which they said can be a useful input for the first Global Stocktake (GST) — which they said should be conducted in light of equity and the best available science.
  • While every country is required to participate in the global stocktake, the exercise will not assess whether actions of any individual country are adequate or not.
  • It will only make an assessment of the “collective” efforts of the world.
  • The stocktake will not go into who should do how much — and will rather focus on what needs to be done.

About Global Stocktake:

  • It refers to a proposed five-yearly review of the impact of countries’ climate change actions.
  • Under the Paris Agreement, every country must present a climate action plan in five-yearly cycles.
  • Under the Paris Agreement, the first global stocktake will happen in 2023.
  • It will assess whether the net result of the climate actions being taken was consistent with the goal of keeping the increase in global average temperature from pre-industrial times to within 2 degree Celsius.

About BASIC Nations:

  • BASIC countries are bloc (geopolitical alliance) of four large newly industrialized countries – Brazil, South Africa, India and China.
  • It was formed by agreement in November 2009.
  • Ite committed to act jointly at Copenhagen climate summit 2009, including possible united walk-out if their common minimum position was not met by developed nations during climate talks.

Read more at: PIB

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