November 14,2018

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November 14, 2018
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November 15, 2018

Current Affairs for Engineering Service Exam

Video Lectures and Test Series for ESE 2019

 Topics list:

  1. National and International Issues on
    1. Economic Development
    2. Social Development
    3. Industrial Development
  2. Energy and Environment
    1. Energy
    2. Environment
  3. Information and Communication Technology
    1. Technology
    2. Application
  4. The Key Initiatives of Government
  5. General Knowledge

Topic 1:Economic development

2nd Startup India Investment Seminar

Embassy of India in China in partnership with Startup India Association (SIA) and Venture Gurukool organized 2nd Startup India Investment Seminar in Beijing for fostering innovation and entrepreneurship among Indian youth.

Highlights:

  • The event was planned to expose Chinese VCs and investors to the promising Indian startups
  • Help Indian startups to reach out to the large Chinese investors for receiving investment for their companies.
  • To discuss effective strategy for Chinese VCs to enter the Indian startup market and share their experiences about the Indian startup ecosystem.

Start Up India Scheme:

  • It aims at fostering entrepreneurship and promoting innovation by creating an ecosystem that is conducive for growth of Start-ups.
  • According to the scheme, an entity headquartered in India shall be considered as a Startup up to seven years from the date of its incorporation/ registration
  • However, in the case of Startups in the Biotechnology sector, the period shall be up to ten years from the date of incorporation/ registration.
  • It provides:
  • Simple Compliance Regime for startups based on Self-certification
  • Single window clearance based on mobile App.
  • Startup India Hub to handhold startups during various phases of their development
  • Legal support and fast-track patent examination by reducing 80% of the patent cost.
  • Faster exit for startups through modified new bankruptcy code ensuring 90 days exit window.
  • Credit Guarantee Fund for startups through Small Industries Development Bank of India (SIDBI).
  • Providing funding support through a Fund of Funds with a corpus of Rupees 10,000 crore
  • Tax exemption on capital gains invested in Fund of Funds.
  • Tax exemption to startups for 3 years.
  • Exemption from labour inspection for 3 years.
  • Launch of innovation hub through Atal Innovation Mission (AIM) with Self –Employment and Talent Utilization (SETU) Program of NITI Aayog
  • Harnessing private sector expertise for setting up incubators.
  • No letter of recommendation from an incubator/industry association shall be required for either recognition or tax benefits.
  • The initiative is also aimed at promoting entrepreneurship among SCs/STs, women communities.
  • Rural India’s version of Startup India was named the Deen Dayal Upadhyay Swaniyojan Yojana.

Read more at: PIB

Topic 1:Social development

Ministry of Human Resource Development  new initiatives

Ministry of Human Resource Development, launched two new initiatives; Leadership for Academicians Programme (LEAP) and Annual Refresher Programme In Teaching (ARPIT).

LEAP:

  • It is a three weeks Flagship leadership development training programme (2 weeks domestic and one week foreign training) for second level academic functionaries in public funded higher education institutions.
  • The main objective is to prepare second tier academic heads who are potentially likely to assume leadership roles in the future.
  • The programme would provide senior faculty, with high academic credentials, the required leadership and managerial skills including skills of problem-solving, handling stress, team building work, conflict management, developing communication skills, understanding and coping with the complexity and challenges of governance in HEIs, financial & general administration.

ARPIT:

  • A major and unique initiative of online professional development of 15 lakh higher education faculty using the MOOCs platform SWAYAM.
  • For implementing ARPIT, 75 discipline-specific institutions have been identified and notified as National Resource Centres (NRCs) in the first phase.
  • To prepare online training material with focus on latest developments in the discipline, new & emerging trends, pedagogical improvements and methodologies for transacting revised curriculum.

Read more at:PIB

Topic 1:Industrial development

Hunar Haat

Hunar Haat, being organised across the country by the Ministry of Minority Affairs has proved to be “Empowerment & Employment Exchange” for master artisans and craftsmen.

Highlights:

  • Encouraged and promote the rich traditional heritage of master artisans.
  • Providing national and international markets and employment-marketing opportunities to master artisans and craftsmen.
  • Hunar Haat has become a credible and renowned brand where exquisite Handicraft & Handloom made by master artisans and various delicacies from across the country are available under one roof.

Read more at:PIB

New index to check ease of doing agri-business

The Centre expects to roll out a new Ease of Doing Agri-Business Index early next year.

Highlights:

  • It will rank the States on the basis of such reforms, as well as their investment in agriculture, increased productivity, reduction of input costs, and risk mitigation measures.
  • The proposed index will focus on reforms, with marketing reforms (25%) and governance and land reforms (20%) carrying almost half of the weight of the parameters in its scoring system.
  • The Agri Ministry will consider rewarding the higher performing States both in absolute and incremental terms by linking the performance with allocation from flexi funds made available in various flagship.

Parameters:

  • The parameters are process-oriented, and are meant to evolve as and when new reforms or initiatives are proposed.
  • Another major parameter which States will be rated on is their success in reducing the cost of farm inputs (20%) by distributing soil health cards and encouraging organic farming and micro-irrigation.
  • Risk mitigation measures such as crop and livestock insurance carry a 15% weightage, while increased productivity and investment in agriculture carry a 10% weight each.

Read more at: The Hindu

Topic 2 : Energy

Indian Wind Turbine Certification Scheme (IWTCS)

Ministry of New and Renewable Energy, in consultation with National Institute of Wind Energy Chennai, has prepared a draft of new Scheme called Indian Wind Turbine Certification Scheme (IWTCS) incorporating various guidelines Turbine Certification Scheme (IWTCS).

Key Facts:

  • It is a consolidation of relevant National and International Standards (IS/IEC/IEEE), Technical Regulations and requirements issued by Central Electricity Authority (CEA), guidelines issued by MNRE and other international guidelines.
  • The draft Scheme enlists the guidelines for the benefit of all the stakeholders from concept to lifetime of wind turbine, including Indian Type Approved Model (ITAM), Indian Type Certification Scheme (ITCS), Wind Farm Project Certification Scheme (WFPCS) and Wind Turbine Safety & Performance Certification Scheme (WTSPCS).
  • It is envisaged to assist and facilitate the following stakeholders:
  1. Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEMs)
  2. End Users -Utilities, SNAs, Developers, IPPs, Owners, Authorities, Investors and Insurers
  3. Certification Bodies
  4. Testing Laboratories

Read more at: PIB

Energy Efficiency Revolving Fund

Asian Development Bank (ADB) and Energy Efficiency Services (EESL) signed a USD 13 million grant to set up Energy Efficiency Revolving Fund.

Highlights:

  • The fund is to be administered by ADB.
  • It aims to expand and sustain investments in the energy efficiency market in India, build market diversification, and scale up existing technologies.
  • Global Environment Facility (GEF) will provide the additional financing for the ongoing projects under this fund.
  • Additional grants from GEF will be used by EESL for making investments in new and emerging technologies.
  • EESL is under the administration of Ministry of Power and is working towards mainstreaming energy efficiency.

Read more at: FinancialExpress

Topic 3 : ICT

PM-STIAC

The Prime Minister Science, Technology and Innovation Advisory Council (PM-STIAC) renders advice on all matters related to Science, Technology and Innovation and monitors the implementation of the Prime Minister’s vision on these issues.

Key Facts:

  • Science, technology and innovation must reach the common man, solve common day-to-day problems and facilitate ease of living for the people of India.
  • To work towards establishing strong linkages between the educational institutions, R&D labs, industry and various government departments. He reiterated the need to break silos among academic and research institutions.   
  • Ensure development of suitable platforms and mechanisms which can identify and nurture scientific talent among schoolchildren, and link them to Atal Tinkering Labs at the district and regional level.
  • Priority areas of research such as raising agricultural income, solutions for chronic and genetic diseases such as sickle cell anaemia, waste management and cyber security.

Read more at: PIB

Global Digital Content Market 2018

The Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP), Ministry of Commerce and Industry, is hosting a conference on Global Digital Content Market (GDCM)2018.

Highlights:

  • The conference will feature sessions on music, film, broadcasting and publishing, as well as collective management, emerging models and the implications for the market and policy makers.
  • India has been chosen as a host nation for the conference by World Intellectual Property Organization(WIPO) due to the strong creative industry in the country in films, music and media.
  • The focus for this year’s conference is the Asia Pacific region.
  • The aim of GDCM 2018 is to give industry stakeholders a platform to come together and discuss new avenues in the films, music, gaming and creative industry along with points of challenge that is presented due to the changing creative landscape because of the disruption brought about by digital technologies
  • The first conference was held in Geneva 2016

Read more at: PIB

Topic 5: General Knowledge

INDRA 2018

The joint military exercise between Indian and Russia EXERCISE INDRA 2018 on combating insurgency under the aegis of United Nations (UN) is being conducted at Babina Field Firing Ranges.

Highlights:

  • The aim of the exercise is to practice joint planning and conduct to enhance interoperability of the two Armies in the peace keeping/ enforcement environment under the aegis of the UN.
  • It focuses upon training on enhancing team building, special tactical level operations such as Cordon and Search, house intervention, handling and neutralisation of Improvised Explosive Devices and integrated employment of force multipliers.
  • The primary focus of the tactical field exercise is to share best practices amongst the militaries and hone existing skills of the troops in the backdrop of interoperability between the two Armies in the peace keeping/ enforcement environment.

Read more at: PIB

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