November 13,2018

November 12,2018
November 12, 2018
Quiz November 9,2018
November 13, 2018

Current Affairs for Engineering Service Exam

Video Lectures and Test Series for ESE 2019

 Topics list:

  1. National and International Issues on
    1. Economic Development
    2. Social Development
    3. Industrial Development
  2. Energy and Environment
    1. Energy
    2. Environment
  3. Information and Communication Technology
    1. Technology
    2. Application
  4. The Key Initiatives of Government
  5. General Knowledge

Topic 1:Industrial development

India’s first multi-modal terminal

India’s first multi-modal terminal is constructed on the river Ganga.

Key Facts:

  • It is the first of the four multimodal terminals being constructed on the National Waterway-1 (river Ganga) as part of the World Bank-aided Jal Marg Vikas project of the Inland Waterways Authority of India.

Jal Marg Vikas Project:

  • The ‘Jal Marg Vikas’ (National Waterway-1) project envisages to develop a fairway with 3 meters depth between Allahabad to Haldia covering a distance of 1620 kms.
  • For implementation of the Jal Marg Vikas Project, technical assistance and investment support is being provided by the World Bank. Inland Waterways Authority of India (IWAI).
  • Its objective is to promote inland waterways as a cheap and environment-friendly means of transportation, especially for cargo movement.
  • The Inland Waterways Authority of India (IWAI) is the project implementing agency.

Read more at: ET

Topic 2 : Energy

World Energy Outlook 2018

The Paris-based International Energy Agency (IEA) published World Energy Outlook 2018.

The Report:

  • Natural gas is expected to overtake coal as the world’s second largest energy source after oil by 2030 due to a drive to cut air pollution and the rise in liquefied natural gas (LNG) use.
  • Global gas demand would increase by 1.6 percent a year to 2040 and would be 45 percent higher.
  • The estimates are based on the IEA’s “New Policies Scenario” that takes into account legislation and policies to reduce emissions and fight climate change.
  • China, already the world’s biggest oil and coal importer, would soon become the largest importer of gas and net imports would approach the level of the European Union by 2040.
  • Emerging economies in Asia would account for about half of total global gas demand growth and their share of LNG imports would double to 60 percent by 2040.
  • The United States would account for 40 percent of total gas production growth to 2025.
  • Energy-related carbon dioxide emissions will continue to grow at a slow but steady pace to 2040.
  • From 2017 levels, the CO2 emissions would rise by 10 percent to 36 gigatonnes in 2040, mostly driven by growth in oil and gas.

India’s status:

  • India will overtake the US to become the world’s second-biggest emitter of carbon dioxide from the power sector before 2030.
  • Carbon dioxide emissions from India’s power sector are expected to rise nearly 80 percent by 2040 as power use almost triples, driven in part by air conditioning.

About IEA:

  • Founded in 1974.
  • The IEA examines the full spectrum of energy issues including oil, gas and coal supply and demand, renewable energy technologies, electricity markets, energy efficiency, access to energy, demand side management and much more.
  • The IEA advocates policies that will enhance the reliability, affordability and sustainability of energy in its 30 member countries and beyond.
  • The IEA publishes  World Energy Outlook and the IEA Market Reports; data and statistics, such as Key World Energy Statistics and the Monthly Oil Data Service; and a series of training and capacity building workshops, presentations, and resources.

The four main areas of IEA focus are:

  1. Energy Security: Promoting diversity, efficiency, flexibility and reliability for all fuels and energy sources;
  2. Economic Development: Supporting free markets to foster economic growth and eliminate energy poverty;
  3. Environmental Awareness: Analysing policy options to offset the impact of energy production and use on the environment, especially for tackling climate change and air pollution; and
  4. Engagement Worldwide: Working closely with partner countries, especially major emerging economies, to find solutions to shared energy and environmental concerns.

Read more at: ET

Topic 3 : ICT

ECI announced the launch of its newly designed website

The Election Commission of India announced the launch of its newly designed website at https://eci.gov.in.

Highlights:

  • The streamlined user interface provides a more interactive experience, allowing users to easily find the information they are looking for.
  • Visitors can browse the website based on their own interests and learn more about Election Process in a more engaging way.
  • The simplified design, improved functionality, and enriched content areas which will help visitors to make well-informed decisions regarding their election-related matters.
  • The ECI ICT Division has significantly modernized this user interface to accommodate a growing user-base, as the Election Commission of India continues to branch out into new technology areas
  • It try to caters for massive information dissemination requirements for its 875 million Electors during the upcoming elections.

New Features:

  • Responsive Design
  • Revamped and easy navigation
  • Advanced search
  • Universally Accessible
  • Dynamic Content & Sharing

Read more at: PIB

World’s largest brain-like supercomputer

SpiNNaker machine – Spiking Neural Network Architecture is capable of completing more than 200 million million actions per second, with each of its chips having 100 million transistors.

Key Facts:

  • It is designed and built in The University of Manchester in the UK
  • In real time, it can model more biological neurons (basic brain cells in the nervous system that communicate by pure electro-chemical energy) than any other machine on the planet.
  • It will help neuroscientists better understand how our own brain works.
  • It also has simulated a region of the brain called the Basal Ganglia – an area affected in Parkinson’s disease.
  • Its power has recently been used to control a robot the spOmnibot, which uses the SpiNNaker system to interpret real-time visual information and navigate towards certain objects while ignoring others.

Read more at: ET

Topic 4: The Key Initiatives of Government

Pradhan Mantri Paridhan Rojgar Protsahan Yojana (PMPRPY)

  • The Scheme is under the Ministry of Textiles, benefitting the apparel industries.
  • The scheme enables incentives towards employers, registered with Employees‘ Provident Fund Organization (EPFO), for creation of new employment.
  • Under Pradhan Mantri Rojgar Protsahan Yojana (PMRPY), GOI is providing incentive to the employer by paying the 8.33% EPF contribution towards new employment created for up to 3 years.
  • Ministry of Textiles under PMPRPY, will bear additional 3.67% towards the employer‘s contribution of the Employers Provident Fund Scheme, in addition to Ministry of Labour’s contribution under PMRPY.

POWERTEX

  • It aims to boost infrastructure and modernization of the powerloom sector.
  • It has nine major components like In-situ Upgradation of Plain Powerlooms, Group Workshed Scheme (GWS), Yarn Bank Scheme, Common Facility Centre (CFC), Tex Venture Capital Fund etc.

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