September 9,2018

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September 10, 2018

Current Affairs for Engineering Service Exam

Video Lectures and Test Series for ESE 2019

 Topics list:

  1. National and International Issues on
    1. Economic Development
    2. Social Development
    3. Industrial Development
  2. Energy and Environment
    1. Energy
    2. Environment
  3. Information and Communication Technology
    1. Technology
    2. Application
  4. The Key Initiatives of Government
  5. General Knowledge

Topic 1:Social development

Swachhata Hi Seva Campaign

‘Swachhata Hi Seva 2018’ a jan andolan for Swachhata to be observed in the run-up to the 4th anniversary of the Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM). Prime Minister to Launch Swachhata Hi Seva Campaign on September 15

Highlights:

  • SHS aims at accelerating the Jan-Andolan for realizing the vision of a Clean India, further reinforcing the belief that ‘Sanitation is everyone’s business’.
  • Re-energise the Swachh Bharat Jan Andolan and lay down the foundation of sustainability
  • Reinforce the concept of “Sanitation as everyone’s business”

Read more at: PIB

Topic 1:Industrial development

MOBILISE YOUR CITY  (MYC) initiative

Mobilise Your City (MYC) is part of an international initiative which is supported by the French and the German Governments and was launched at 21st Conference of Parties (COP21) meeting in December, 2015. India and France sign an implementation agreement on “MOBILISE YOUR CITY” (MYC).

Highlights:

  • The European Union has agreed to provide funds of Euro 3.5 million to contribute to specific investments and technical assistance components within the Mobilise Your City (MYC) programme in India.
  • It aims at supporting three pilot cities viz. Nagpur, Kochi and Ahmedabad for reduction of Green House Gas (GHG) emissions related to urban transport.

The main components:

  • To support planning and implementation of sustainable urban transport projects
  • Support to strengthening institutional capacity for regulating, steering and planning urban mobility, and
  • Learning and exchange formats with other cities across India for exchanges on best practices.

Read more at: PIB

Chabahar Port

Iran will handover the strategic Chabahar port to an Indian company within a month for operation as per an interim pact.

Highlights:

  • Iran’s Chabahar port is located on the Gulf of Oman and is the only oceanic port of the country.
  • The port gives access to the energy-rich Persian Gulf nations’ southern coast and India can bypass Pakistan with the Chabahar port becoming functional.

Significance of Chabahar port:

  • India can bypass Pakistan in transporting goods to Afghanistan.
  • Countering Chinese presence in the Arabian Sea
  • Iran becomes a military ally to India.
  • Boost in the import of iron ore, sugar and rice to India.
  • Establishment of a politically sustainable connectivity between India and Afghanistan.
  • Port could be used as a point from where humanitarian operations could be coordinated.

Read more at:The Hindu

Topic 2 : Environment

Eight avian species declared “extinct” in new study

Scientists have declared eight species of birds to be extinct in what are being seen as the first avian extinctions of the 21st century.

Highlights:

  • These include Spix’s macaw, the Alagoas foliage-gleaner, the cryptic treehunter, the Pernambuco pygmy-owl, the poo-uli, or black-faced honeycreeper and the glaucous macaw.
  • Five of these new extinctions have occurred in South America and have been attributed by scientists to deforestation.
  • Four out of the eight species declared extinct belong to Brazil.
  • The BirdLife International assessed 51 species judged “critically endangered” on the International Union for the Conservation of Nature’s (IUCN) “Red List” by using a new statistical method.

About Birdlife International:

  • BirdLife International (formerly the International Council for Bird Preservation) is a global partnership of conservation organisations that strives to conserve birds, their habitats, and global biodiversity, working with people towards sustainability in the use of natural resources.
  • It is the world’s largest partnership of conservation organisations, with over 120 partner organisations.

IUCN Red List:

  • The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (also known as the IUCN Red List or Red Data List), founded in 1964, has evolved to become the world’s most comprehensive inventory of the global conservation status of biological species.
  • It uses a set of criteria to evaluate the extinction risk of thousands of species and subspecies.
  • The IUCN Red List is set upon precise criteria to evaluate the extinction risk of thousands of species and subspecies.

Read more at: Down to Earth

Topic 2 : Energy

India’s first solar bicycle track corridor

Mukarba Chowk to Wazirabad of Delhi will become the first solar bicycle track corridor in the country.

Highlights:

  • The public works department (PWD), which will execute the project under the 26-point green budget scheme
  • The  dual-use project will provide shelter from rain as well as sunlight both to cyclists and pedestrians while generating a large amount of clean energy by reducing carbon dioxide emissions from coal-based power plants.
  • The project will use pre-fabricated parts to expedite work

Read more at: ET

Topic 4: The Key Initiatives of Government

National Initiative on Climate Resilient Agriculture (NICRA)

  • The mega project has three major objectives of Strategic research, Technology demonstrations and Capacity building.
  • It was launched by Indian Council of Agriculture Research (ICAR).
  • Its aims to make farmers self-reliant by use of climate resilient agricultural technologies and management of natural and manmade resources for sustaining agriculture in the era of climate change.
  • It has four components:
  1. Strategic research on adaptation and mitigation
  2. Technology demonstration to cope with current climate variability in 100 vulnerable districts
  3. Capacity Building
  4. Sponsored competitive research to fill critical gaps.

Scheme for IPR awareness

  • A ‘Scheme for IPR awareness – Creative India; Innovative India’ has been launched by Cell for IPR Promotion and Management (CIPAM).
  • It aims at raising IPR awareness amongst students, youth, authors, artists, budding inventors and professionals to inspire them to create, innovate and protect their creations and inventions across the country.
  • Area of Coverage of the scheme – Pan India, including Tier 1, Tier 2, Tier 3 cities as well as rural areas.
  • Total project Duration – 3 years (2017 – 2020).
  • The scheme targets to conduct IPR awareness workshops/seminars tailored in 4 categories – Primary School, Secondary school, University/ College and Industry, including MSMEs and Start ups.
  • CIPAM – It is a professional body under the aegis of Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion.
  • It works to take forward the implementation of the National IPR policy and creates public awareness about IPR in the country.

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