September 5,2018

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September 5, 2018
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September 6, 2018

Current Affairs for Engineering Service Exam

Video Lectures and Test Series for ESE 2019

 Topics list:

  1. National and International Issues on
    1. Economic Development
    2. Social Development
    3. Industrial Development
  2. Energy and Environment
    1. Energy
    2. Environment
  3. Information and Communication Technology
    1. Technology
    2. Application
  4. The Key Initiatives of Government
  5. General Knowledge

Topic 1:Economic development

Greener growth could add $26 trillion to world economy by 2030: Study

Strong action to combat climate change could cumulatively add at least $26 trillion to the world economy by 2030, according to a study by the Global Commission on the Economy and Climate.

Highlights of Study:

  • Bold climate action could deliver at least $26 trillion in net cumulative benefits from now until 2030 compared with business as usual
  • Smarter investments in cleaner energy, cities, food and land use, water and industry could generate 65 million new jobs in 2030, equivalent to the workforces of Egypt and Britain combined
  • A shift from fossil fuels to cleaner energies such as wind and solar power would avoid 700,000 premature deaths from air pollution in 2030

Recommendations:

  • High prices on carbon dioxide emissions of $40-$80 per tonne by 2020 in major economies.
  • Subsidy reforms in the energy sector, coupled with higher carbon prices, could raise $2.8 trillion a year in government revenues in 2030

Read more at: ET

Topic 2 : Energy

Biodiesel from used cooking oil

The Biodiesel Association of India (BDAI) aims to collect 1 crore litres of used cooking oil in Gujarat, through the two lakh registered food vendors in the state to  manufacture biodiesel from used cooking oil.

Highlights:

  • The RUCO (Repurpose Used Cooking Oil) app has been launched.
  • The app will help manage collection of used cooking oil from food vendors and processing units and supply it to biodiesel manufacturers in the state, through aggregators.
  • An amendment in the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) Act, implemented on July 1, has made edible oils with total polarized compound (TPC) values beyond 25 per cent unsafe for human consumption.FSSAI aims to convert over 20 lakh tonnes of used cooking oil into biodiesel by 2022, which will save fuel worth about Rs 12,000 crore
  • BDAI aims to set up 350 depots across the country by January 1, 2019, which will act as collection centres for used cooking oil procured by aggregators
  • There are two major players in Gujarat – based in Anand and Surat – that manufacture biodiesel.

The Process:

  • When edible oil is heated, its total polarised compound (TPC)-value increases and if this value goes beyond 25 per cent (often with repeated reheating), the oil becomes unfit for consumption,

Read more at: ET

Pariwartan scheme

The Centre  will discuss with lenders, including PFC, issues related to ‘Pariwartan’ scheme under which the government plans to warehouse stressed power projects to protect their value.

About Scheme:

  • Power Asset Revival through Warehousing and Rehabilitation (Pariwartan) scheme looks to warehouse around 25,000 MW stressed projects under an asset management company in a bid to protect their value.
  • Prevent their distress sale under the insolvency and bankruptcy code till demand for power picks up.
  • The stressed power projects will be housed under an asset management and rehabilitation company (AMRC) that will be owned by financial institutions.
  • The ‘Pariwartan’ scheme is inspired by the Troubled Asset Relief Programme, or TARP, which was introduced in the US during the 2008 financial crisis.

Read more at: Livemint

Topic 3 : ICT

Technology Initiatives for Coffee Stakeholders

Minister for Commerce & Industry and Civil Aviation launched Coffee Connect – India coffee field force app and Coffee KrishiTharanga – digital mobile extension services for coffee stakeholders.

Highlights:

  • The mobile app Coffee Connect has been developed to ease the work of field functionaries and to improve the work efficiency.
  • The application provides solution by harnessing the power of mobility comprising the latest technology in easing the whole process of the field activities like digitization of Coffee Growers & Estates with Geo Tagging, collecting the Plantation details.
  • It will help in transparency in the activities of the extension officers and officials, transparency in subsidy disbursement and real time report generation.
  • Coffee Board has taken key digital initiatives for the overall technological advancement of the coffee sector and value chain
  • These initiatives are aimed at benefiting all stakeholders in the coffee value chain.
  • All these initiatives are intended towards unlocking the potential in coffee sector by leveraging the technology and reach such as mobile.
  • The farmers being the end user the technologies have been built on certain critical principles like ease of use, wider participation, maximize reach and benefit.

The Coffee KrishiTharanga:

  • It aimed at providing customized information and services to increase productivity, profitability, and environmental sustainability.
  • The customised services are two ways, 24 X 7 service supports.
  • The pilot tested in the Chikmagalur and Hassan districts of Karnataka State
  • NABARD has partly funded the Pilot project.
  • The solution will help in to reach maximum growers in limited period, efficient, timely, customised advisory, improve the efficiency through digitisation and leverage existing mobile reach for wider delivery of improved technology.

Read more at: PIB

Japan to test mini ‘space elevator’

Japan  has developed the world’s first experiment  “space elevator” to test elevator movement in space.

Highlights:

  • The test equipment will hitch a ride on an H-2B rocket being launched by Japan’s space agency from southern island of Tanegashima
  • The test involves a miniature elevator stand-in — a box just 6 cm long, 3 cm wide, and 3 cm high.
  • It will provide proof of concept by moving along a 10-metre cable suspended in space between two mini satellites that will keep it taut.
  • The mini-elevator will travel along the cable from a container in one of the satellites

Read more at: The Hindu

Topic 4: The Key Initiatives of Government

Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana (DAY) – National Urban Livelihood Mission (NULM)

  • It replaces the existing Swarna Jayanti Shahari Rozgar Yojana (SJSRY).
  • NULM & NRLM has been subsumed into DAY.
  • NULM aims at universal coverage of the urban poor for skill development and credit facilities.
  • It focuses on organizing urban poor in their strong grassroots level institutions, creating opportunities for skill development and helping them to set up self-employment venture by ensuring easy access to credit.
  • It is aimed at providing shelter equipped with essential services to the urban homeless in a phased manner and also addresses livelihood concerns of the urban street vendors.
  • Funding will be shared between the Centre and the States in the ratio of 75:25. For North Eastern and Special Category – the ratio will be 90:10.

Global Initiative Of Academic Networks (GIAN)

  • It is an initiative aimed at tapping the talent pool of scientist and entrepreneurs internationally by collaborating Indian institutes of Higher Education in India with Foreign academics.
  • It is to augment the country’s existing academic resources, accelerate the pace of quality reform and elevate the scientific and technological capacity to global excellence.

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