September 4,2018

Quiz: September 2,2018
September 3, 2018
Quiz: September 3,2018
September 4, 2018

Current Affairs for Engineering Service Exam

Video Lectures and Test Series for ESE 2019

 Topics list:

  1. National and International Issues on
    1. Economic Development
    2. Social Development
    3. Industrial Development
  2. Energy and EnvironmentThe Reserve Bank of India
    1. Energy
    2. Environment
  3. Information and Communication Technology
    1. Technology
    2. Application
  4. The Key Initiatives of Government
  5. General Knowledge

Topic 1:Economic development

Reserve Bank tightens ombudsman scheme

The Reserve Bank of India has tightened the banking ombudsman scheme with the objective to strengthen the grievance redressal mechanism for customers.

Highlights:

  • All commercial banks having 10 or more banking outlets to have an independent internal ombudsman (IO) to review customer complaints that are either partly or fully rejected by the banks.
  • The instructions are not applicable for Regional Rural Banks sponsored by commercial banks.
  • Banks should internally escalate complaints that are not fully redressed to their respective IOs before conveying the final decision to the complainant, customers need not approach the IO directly.

The Internal Ombudsman Scheme of 2018:

  • The Internal Ombudsman Scheme of 2018 mandates banks to grant a fixed term of three to five years, which cannot be renewed, to the IO.
  • The IO can be removed only with prior approval from RBI.
  • The remuneration would have to be decided by the customer sub-committee of the board.

Banking Ombudsman:

  • Banking ombudsman is a quasi judicial authority, created to resolve customer complaints against banks relating to certain services provided by them.
  • The Ombudsman is a senior official, who has been appointed by the Reserve Bank of India to address grievances and complaints from customers, pertaining deficiencies in banking services.

Read more at: The Hindu

Topic 1:Social development

Draft charter of Patients’ Rights

The draft, prepared by the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC), has been put up on the Health Ministry’s website for comments and suggestions.

The Draft:

  • The e-pharmacies have to be registered compulsorily with the Central Drugs Standard control organisation.
  • Psychotropic substances, habit-forming medicines like cough syrup and sleeping pills, schedule x drugs will not be sold online.
  • The e pharmacies have to obtain a license from the State government to sell the medicines online.
  • An e-pharmacy registration holder will have to comply with provisions of Information Technology Act, 2000
  • The details of patient shall be kept confidential and shall not be disclosed to any person other than the central government or the state government concerned, as the case may be.
  • The supply of any drug shall be made against a cash or credit memo generated through the e-pharmacy portal .
  • Both state and central drug authorities will be monitoring the data of sales and transactions of e pharmacies
  • The premises from which e-pharmacy is operated regular inspections will be conducted every two years by the central licencing authority.
  • The Ministry plans to implement the Charter of Patients’ Rights through State governments for provision of proper health care by clinical establishments.

Read more at: The Hindu

Topic 2 : Environment

Conserve Himalayan springs

A NITI Aayog constituted group of experts noted in its report titled ‘Inventory and Revival of Springs in the Himalayas for Water Security’.

Findings:

  • Almost half of the perennial springs have already dried up or have become seasonal
  • Tens of thousands of villages are currently facing acute water shortage for drinking and other domestic purposes
  • Almost 60% of low-discharge springs that provided water to small habitations in the Himalayan region have reported clear decline during the last couple of decades
  • The group urged the government to set up a dedicated mission to salvage and revive spring water systems in the country’s Himalayan States.

Causes:

  • Poor water management
  • Reduced snowmelt
  • Depressed flow from springs
  • Multiple sources of pollution in springs
  • Anthropogenic  causes

Recommendations:

  • A multidisciplinary, collaborative approach of managing springs that will involve building upon the existing body of work on spring water management.
  • The programme could be designed on the concept of an action-research programme as part of a hydrogeology-based, community-support system on spring water management.
  • The task force moots an 8-year programme to overhaul spring water management.
  • This includes: preparing a digital atlas of the country’s springsheds, training ‘para-hydrogeologists’ who could lead grassroots conservation and introduction of a ‘Spring Health Card.

Himalayan springs

  • They play a vital importance as a source of water for both drinking and irrigation for the region’s inhabitants.
  • Spanning States across the country’s north and northeast and home to about 50 million people
  • They are under increasing threat from the urbanisation caused by a constant push for development and climate change.

Read more at: The Hindu

The impact of the river linking project

Researchers from the University of Colorado sought to fill critical knowledge gaps in the understanding of the impact of the National River Linking Project (NRLP).

Observations:

  • It will not only reduce inflow of the northern rivers, but also significantly reduce the sediments deposited by the rivers in deltas, a study shows.
  • Fertile deltas will be under threat.
  • Coastal erosion expected to threaten the land and livelihoods of local economies that support 160 million people.
  • Reduction in river discharge due to extensive canal works.
  • Silt trapping in newer reservoirs and barrages.
  • The reduced inflows due to natural and man-made processes has led to shoreline losses in the Krishna, Godavari and Mahanadi rivers.
  • Rare ecosystems and vital agricultural areas would become more vulnerable to storm surges.
  • River flooding, and heightened salinity  will push the deltas further in the wrong direction.

About  National River Linking Project:

  • The Indian Rivers Inter-link is a proposed large-scale civil engineering project that aims to effectively manage water resources in India by linking Indian rivers by a network of reservoirs and canals and so reduce persistent floods in some parts and water shortages in other parts of India.
  • The Inter-link project has been split into three parts: a northern Himalayan rivers inter-link component, a southern Peninsular component and an intrastate rivers linking component.
  • It comprises 29 canals totalling 9,600 km, will involve the movement of 245 trillion litres of water.
  • National Water Development Agency is implementing the project.

Read more at: The Hindu

Topic 4: The Key Initiatives of Government

Tejaswini

  • It is the scheme for the socio-economic empowerment of Adolescent Girls and Young women.
  • It seeks to empower the adolescent girls with basic life skills and thereafter provide further opportunities to acquire market driven skill training or completion of secondary education.
  • It has 3 main components –
  1. Expanding social, educational and economic opportunities
  2. Improve livelihood opportunities by developing participants’ skills
  3. Strengthens women’s participation in local governance.
  • Recently, India signed financing agreement with World Bank (International Development Association) for funding of this scheme.

Crime and Criminal Tracking Network and Systems (CCTNS)

  • It is a Mission Mode Project (MMP) under the National e-Governance Plan of Govt. of India.
  • It is aimed to create a comprehensive and integrated system for enhancing the efficiency and effectiveness of Police.
  • A nationwide networked infrastructure for evolution of IT-enabled state-of-the-art tracking system around investigation of crime and detection of criminals‖ will be created to automate police functions at police Station and higher levels.  
  • It will also create facilities and mechanism to provide public services like registration of online complaints, ascertaining the status of case registered at the police station, verification of persons etc.

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