September 30,2018

Quiz – September 27,2018
September 28, 2018
Quiz -September 28,2018
September 30, 2018

Current Affairs for Engineering Service Exam

Video Lectures and Test Series for ESE 2019

 Topics list:

  1. National and International Issues on
    1. Economic Development
    2. Social Development
    3. Industrial Development
  2. Energy and Environment
    1. Energy
    2. Environment
  3. Information and Communication Technology
    1. Technology
    2. Application
  4. The Key Initiatives of Government
  5. General Knowledge

Topic 1:Social development

#LooReview Campaign

The Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs, under the aegis of Swachh Bharat Mission – Urban (SBM – U), has partnered with Google to launch the Loo Review campaign to encourage all local guides in India to rate and review public toilets on Google Maps.

Highlights:

  • To locate public toilets in their cities on Google Maps, Search and the Assistant and also provide feedback on the same.
  • To increase the awareness of public toilets across India.

Read more at :PIB

Poshan Abhiyaan

Poshan Abhiyaan, a scheme aimed at addressing the problem of malnutrition among children, adolescent girls and women.

Highlights:

  • It is formerly known as the National Nutrition Mission (NNM)
  • The programme has fixed goals to reduce low birth weight, stunting and undernutrition (the prevalence of underweight) in children (up to six years of age) by 6% in three years, at the rate of 2% a year anaemia among children, adolescent girls and women (up to 49 years of age) by 9%, at the rate of 3% a year.
  • The scheme focuses on the first 1,000 days of a child, which includes nine months of pregnancy, six months of exclusive breastfeeding and then the period from six months to two years.

Read more at: The Hindu

Topic 2 : Environment

WAYU- Air Pollution Mitigation Device

Air pollution control device WAYU (Wind Augmentation Purifying Unit) for traffic junctions was recently inaugurated in Delhi.

About WAYU:

  • WAYU is developed by Council of Scientific and Industrial Research – National Environmental Engineering Research Institute (CSIR-NEERI) as a part of Technology Development Project funded by Department of Science and Technology.
  • The device has the capacity to purify air in an area of 500 meter square. The device consumes only half a unit of electricity for 10 hours of running and has a maintenance cost of only Rs. 1500 per month.
  • The device works on two principles mainly Wind generation for dilution of air pollutants and Active Pollutants removal.
  • The device has filters for Particulate Matter removal and activated carbon (charcoal) and UV lamps for poisonous gases removal such as VOCs and Carbon Monoxide.
  • The device has one fan and filter for sucking and removing Particulate Matter.
  • There are two UV lamps and half kg of activated carbon charcoal coated with special chemical Titanium Dioxide.

Read more at: PIB

Seizure of black spotted turtles

India accounts for 29% of black spotted turtles (Geoclemys hamiltonii) seized from across seven countries in South Asia, states a recent report by TRAFFIC, an international network monitoring trade in wildlife.

Highlights:

  • They are classified as vulnerable by the IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) Red List of threatened species.
  • The black spotted turtle or spotted pond turtle is native to South Asia.
  • Chennai is the main trade hub in India. The India-Bangladesh border, part of the species’ natural range, as another hotspot for trade.

Reasons:

  • Meat.
  • Sought after as an exotic pet.

About TRAFFIC:

  • TRAFFIC, the wildlife trade monitoring network, is a leading non-governmental organisation working globally on trade in wild animals and plants in the context of both biodiversity conservation and sustainable development.

Read more at: The Hindu

Topic 2 : Energy

SATAT initiative

Union Minister of Petroleum and Natural Gas & Skill Development and Entrepreneurship launched an innovative SATAT initiative with PSU Oil Marketing Companies (OMCs ,i.e. IOC, BPCL and HPCL) inviting Expression of Interest (EoI) from potential entrepreneurs to set up Compressed Bio-Gas (CBG) production plants and make available CBG in the market for use in automotive fuels.

Highlights:

  • The initiative is aimed at providing a Sustainable Alternative Towards Affordable Transportation (SATAT) as a developmental effort that would benefit both vehicle-users as well as farmers and entrepreneurs.
  • Efficient municipal solid waste management and in tackling the problem of polluted urban air due to farm stubble-burning and carbon emissions.
  • To bring down dependency on crude oil imports
  • Enhancing farmers’ income, rural employment and entrepreneurship.

About Compressed Bio-Gas:

  • Bio-gas is produced naturally through a process of anaerobic decomposition from waste / bio-mass sources like agriculture residue, cattle dung, sugarcane press mud, municipal solid waste, sewage treatment plant waste, etc.
  • After purification, it is compressed and called CBG, which has pure methane content of over 95%.
  • Compressed Bio-Gas is exactly similar to the commercially available natural gas in its composition and energy potential.
  • Compressed Bio-Gas can be used as an alternative, renewable automotive fuel.

Benefits of CBG:

  • Responsible waste management, reduction in carbon emissions and pollution
  • Additional revenue source for farmers
  • Boost to entrepreneurship, rural economy and employment
  • Support to national commitments in achieving climate change goals
  • Reduction in import of natural gas and crude oil
  • Buffer against crude oil/gas price fluctuations

Read more at: PIB

Topic 3 : ICT

Rail Heritage Digitisation Project

Minister of Railways has launched “Rail Heritage Digitisation Project” of Indian Railways in collaboration with Google Arts & Culture,

Highlights:

  • The project can be accessed through link: “https://artsandculture.google.com/project/indian-railways”.
  • The project is a landmark effort, first of its kind in this part of the globe, to showcase country’s Rail Heritage to National and International audience in an online story-telling platform.
  • Setting up 22 digital screens across different locations in India for showcasing this historic project.

About Indian Railways:

  • Railways in India started its journey on 16th April, 1853 between Bori bunder and Thane
  • It is one of the largest railway network in the world

Read more at: PIB

Fighting fake drugs through blockchain

NITI Aayog has signed an agreement with cloud services provider Oracle, hospital chain Apollo Hospitals, and pharmaceutical manufacturer Strides Pharma Sciences to curb the distribution of fake drugs using new technologies like blockchain.

Highlights:

  • Ensure that Indian drug manufacturers and healthcare experts have access to a standards-based, modern technology platform – blockchain and IoT, to help eliminate fake drug distribution

Benefits:

  • To allow the sharing of information across the drug supply chain securely with every exchange of information getting recorded.
  • Inability to tamper with any record of the drug movement.
  • Inability to delete any records so there can be no dispute, if an offender is caught.

About Blockchain:

  • Blockchains are a new data structure that is secure, cryptography-based, and distributed across a network.
  • The technology supports crypto currencies such as Bitcoin, and the transfer of any data or digital asset.

Read more at: PIB

Topic 5: General Knowledge

Yudh Abhyas 2018

Exercise Yudh Abhyas, a joint Indo-US Military exercise which witnessed participation of an Infantry Battalion of Indian Army and the 1st Battalion 23 Infantry Regiment of US Army.

Highlights:

  • Exercise Yudh Abhyas strengthens and broadens interoperability and cooperation between the Indian and US armies.
  • The exercise provided an ideal platform for the personnel of the two countries to share their experiences on counter terrorist operations, especially in mountainous terrain.

Read more at: PIB

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