September 2,2018

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September 3, 2018

Current Affairs for Engineering Service Exam

Video Lectures and Test Series for ESE 2019

 Topics list:

  1. National and International Issues on
    1. Economic Development
    2. Social Development
    3. Industrial Development
  2. Energy and Environment
    1. Energy
    2. Environment
  3. Information and Communication Technology
    1. Technology
    2. Application
  4. The Key Initiatives of Government
  5. General Knowledge

Topic 1:Industrial development

IWAI Makes India’s First Standardised Modern Ship Design

Inland Waterways Authority of India (IWAI) made public 13 standardised state-of-the-art ship designs suitable for large barge haulage on river Ganga (National Waterway-1).

Highlights:

  • This marks attaining of a critical milestone in the growth of the country’s Inland Water Transport (IWT) sector.
  • It will help overcome the unique navigation challenges river Ganga throws due to its complex river morphology, hydraulics, acute bends, shifting channels, meanders and current.
  • It will serve as an enabler for domestic shipbuilding industry working on inland vessels and open huge possibilities for cargo and passenger movement on National Waterway-1.
  • The new designs will obviate the dependence of Indian Ship builders on foreign ship designs for IWT and prove to be a boost to ‘Make in India’ initiative of the Government.
  • It will help in Government is implementing Jal Marg Vikas Project (JMVP)

Benefits of Standardised Modern Ship Design:

  • The designs will remove ambiguity on the class and type of vessels that can sail  on river Ganga with efficient manoeuvrability.
  • They will help shipyards build vessels of standardised dimensions and capacity and make them available off the shelf besides developing the ‘sale and purchase’ market for inland vessels.
  • The designs will lead to reduced fuel costs and in turn lesser logistics costs.

Read more at: PIB

Topic 2 : Environment

Heavy metal contamination in south Indian banana fields

The heavy metal contamination reported in banana fields of South India, decades after the pronounced use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides, its negative impacts are reaching new heights.

Findings:

  • The three south Indian States — Kerala, Karnataka and Tamilnadu — has shown that most of the banana fields have amounts of copper, magnesium, chromium and cobalt higher than the threshold levels for normal soils.
  • Researchers categorised them according to soil taxonomy and used atomic absorption spectroscopy studies to analyse the level of different heavy metals.

Reasons:

  • The farmers using chemical fertilizers without proper soil testing
  • Applying fertilizers above the recommended level
  • Pesticides and insect

Read more at: The Hindu

Ocean mean temperature can better predict Indian summer monsoon

The ocean mean temperature (OMT) that has better ability to predict Indian  monsoon season than the sea surface temperature(SST).

Ocean mean temperature:

  • OMT is analysed by measuring the ocean thermal energy during the period from January to March.
  • Southwest monsoon sets in around June 1 each year in Kerala .
  • It is measured up to a depth of 26 degree C isotherm, is more stable and consistent, and the spatial spread is also less.
  • OMT showed better success in predicting above or below-average rainfall years compared with SST.
  • OMT better represents the upper ocean thermal energy conditions.

Sea surface temperature:

  • The SST is restricted to a few millimeters of the top ocean layer and is largely influenced by strong winds, evaporation, or thick clouds
  • SST exhibits large temperature fluctuations compared with OMT of the upper layer, leading to more noise that causes lower correlations with summer monsoon rainfall.

Read more at: The Hindu

Topic 4: The Key Initiatives of Government

Gramin Krishi Mausam Seva (GKMS)   

  • The scheme is implemented by India Meteorological Department in collaboration with State Agricultural Universities /Indian Council of Agricultural Research etc.
  • It issues crop and location specific weather based agro advisories for the benefit of farming community.   
  • The Agro-meteorological Advisory Services (AAS) under the GKMS is operated to prepare biweekly weather based bulletins.
  • The information is transmitted through multimedia channels and SMS to help farmers plan farm operations accordingly.

Pradhan Mantri Gramin Digital Saksharta Abhiyan (PMGDISHA)

  • It is the new scheme to make rural households digitally literate by 2019.
  • This scheme is initiated under Digital India Programme and expected to be one of the largest digital literacy programs in the world.
  • It would empower the citizens by providing them access to information, knowledge and skills for operating computers/digital access devices.

Topic 5: General Knowledge

East Asia Summit and 15th India-ASEAN Economic Ministers Meeting

Commerce & Industry Minister Suresh Prabhu attended the 6th East Asia Summit- Economic Ministers’ Meeting (EAS-EMM) and 15th India-ASEAN Economic Ministers’ Meeting (AEM) in Singapore today. Singapore is currently holding the Chair of ASEAN.

Highlights:

  • The Ministers agreed to the importance of keeping markets open and fair as well as improving transparency and predictability of the business environment.
  • The meeting recognized the importance of ongoing work to maximize the opportunities of, and address the challenges presented by, the digital economy and the rise of regional and global value chains, as part of their efforts to promote economic growth and integration in the region.
  • The Ministers emphasized on the importance of promoting private sector activities and strengthening business-to-business relations, including through the AIBC, to further broaden and deepen ASEAN-India economic linkages.

East Asia Summit:

  • The East Asia Summit (EAS) is a forum held annually by leaders of, initially, 16 countries in the East Asian, Southeast Asian and South Asian regions.
  • Membership expanded to 18 countries including the United States and Russia at the Sixth EAS in 2011.
  • EAS meetings are held after annual ASEAN leaders’ meetings

India-ASEAN:

  • The ASEAN–India Free Trade Area (AIFTA) is a free trade area among the ten member states of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) and India.
  • The initial framework agreement was signed on 8 October 2003 in Bali, Indonesia
  • The ASEAN–India Free Area emerged from a mutual interest of both parties to expand their economic ties in the Asia-Pacific region.

Read more at: PIB

BIMSTEC summit

The Fourth BIMSTEC( (Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation)  summit was recently held in Nepal.

Key Facts:

  • The member states have signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) for the establishment of a Bimstec Grid Interconnection to enhance energy cooperation among the member states.
  • The theme of the fourth BIMSTEC summit is ‘Towards a peaceful, prosperous and sustainable Bay of Bengal region’.
  • Kathmandu Declaration:
  1. To enhance the effectiveness of BIMSTEC Secretariat by engaging it in various technical and economic activities in the region.
  2. The importance of multidimensional connectivity as a key enabler to economic integration for shared prosperity of the region
  3. The importance of trade and investment as one of the major contributing factors for fostering economic and social development in the region.
  4. To hold state/non-states accountable that encourage, support terrorism and provide finance to them.
  5. Unanimously adopted deceleration to fight against terrorism will not only include terrorist, terrorist organization but state that encourage or support such activities will also be held accountable.
  6. Deceleration focused on multidimensional connectivity for better economic integration among the nation.

About BIMSTEC:

  • The Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation (BIMSTEC) is an international organisation of seven nations of South Asia and South East Asia, housing 1.5 billion people and having a combined gross domestic product of $3.5 trillion (2018
  • The BIMSTEC member states Bangladesh, India, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Bhutan, and Nepal are among the countries dependent on the Bay of Bengal.
  • The permanent secretariat is in Dhaka.
  • The current Summit is being held at Kathmandu, Napal.
  • The Technological and economic cooperation among South Asian and Southeast Asian countries along the coast of the Bay of Bengal is its main objective.

Read more at: PIB

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