September 14 & 15

Quiz – September 13 ,2018
September 14, 2018
Quiz – september 14&15
September 16, 2018

Current Affairs for Engineering Service Exam

Video Lectures and Test Series for ESE 2019

 Topics list:

  1. National and International Issues on
    1. Economic Development
    2. Social Development
    3. Industrial Development
  2. Energy and Environment
    1. Energy
    2. Environment
  3. Information and Communication Technology
    1. Technology
    2. Application
  4. The Key Initiatives of Government
  5. General Knowledge

Topic 1:Social development

The ‘leprosy-free’ status of India

The country was declared ‘leprosy-free’ on December 31, 2005

Ground Reality:

  • The reality is different.
  • Only 543 districts of the total 642 districts in the country had achieved the World Health Organisation-required prevalence rate of less than one case of leprosy for 10,000 persons
  • The Supreme court noted that the underestimation of cases of leprosy and the declaration of elimination of leprosy has resulted in diversion of funds 
  • The majority of the populace afflicted with leprosy live as a marginalised section in society, deprived of even basic human rights.
  • The patients and their families continue to suffer from leprosy and its stigma.

About leprosy:

  • Leprosy, also known as Hansen’s disease, is a chronic infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium leprae.
  • The disease mainly affects the skin, the peripheral nerves, mucosal surfaces of the upper respiratory tract and the eyes.
  • Leprosy is curable and early treatment averts most disabilities.
  • India is currently running one of the largest leprosy eradication program in the world, the National Leprosy Eradication Program (NLEP)

Read more at: The Hindu

Topic 2 : Environment

Pollution and its weather effects

A study has found that increased emissions of aerosols into the atmosphere due to pollution are beginning to have a definite cooling effect of 1 degree C during the Indian summer monsoon period.

Highlights:

  • The increased cooling is seen during the day, while the night time temperature is increasing
  • This decrease in diurnal temperature difference (the difference between the daily maximum and minimum temperature) affects development of clouds
  • The diurnal temperature difference is what drives the convection process (where water evaporates and reaches the atmosphere as water vapour).
  • The increased concentration of aerosols in the atmosphere also tends to change the shape and characteristics of rain-bearing clouds
  • This leads to extreme rainfall events but weakened monsoon rainfall.

Read more at: The Hindu

Topic 2 : Energy

The Chiller Star Labelling program

The Power Ministry Friday launched an ambitious programme on energy efficiency in chillers that consume more than 40 per per cent of total energy in commercial buildings. 

Highlights:

  • Formulated by Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE).
  • Star rating the energy performance.
  • The  initiative will promote the advancement technology for central HVAC (Heating, ventilation, and air conditioning) systems
  • It will  facilitate energy efficient solutions for the commercial and industrial applications

About Chillers:

  • Extensively used for space conditioning of buildings and for industrial process cooling applications. 
  • Chillers, being an energy intensive system, contributed more than 40 percent of total electricity consumption in commercial buildings.

Read more at: PIB

Policy on biofuel for aviation sector

India will soon frame a policy supporting the use of biofuels from non-edible oils for powering jet engines.

Highlights:

  • The civil aviation ministry will set the standards for biofuel to be used as jet fuel
  • It aims to cut down on carbon emissions and lower oil imports
  • The fuel was developed by the Indian Institute of Petroleum (IIP) in Dehradun.
  • Fuel standard non-edible oils have to be produced on a commercial scale 
  • SpiceJet to undertake operations using a blend of 75% of aviation turbine fuel and 25% of biojet fuel, which has the potential of reducing carbon footprint by 15%.
  • The technology for making biofuel from non-edible oilseeds is available and the proposed policy will help commercialise the technology
  • India has committed to reducing emissions intensity of its gross domestic product by a third by 2030 from 2005 levels.

Read more at: Livemint

Topic 4: The Key Initiatives of Government

Pradhan Mantri Surakshit Matritva Abhiyan

  • The program aims to provide assured, comprehensive and quality antenatal care, free of cost, universally to all pregnant women on the 9th of every month.
  • It guarantees a minimum package of antenatal care services to women in their 2nd / 3rd trimesters of pregnancy at designated government health facilities.
  • The health check-up includes a minimum package of prenatal care/antenatal care services i.e care given during pregnancy and medicines such as IFA supplements, calcium supplements etc would be provided to all pregnant women.
  • The programme follows a systematic approach for engagement with private sector.
  • It also laid special emphasis on early diagnosis, adequate and appropriate management of women with malnutrition and adolescent and early pregnancies as these pregnancies need extra and specialized care.
  • Thus it aims to improve the quality and coverage of Antenatal Care (ANC) including diagnostics and counselling services as part of the Reproductive Maternal Neonatal Child and Adolescent Health (RMNCH+A) Strategy.

Pradhan Mantri Rojgar Protsahan Yojana

  • It is to promote/incentivize employment generation.
  • Central Government will be paying the 8.33% EPS contribution of the employer for the new employment.
  • All industries registered with Employees’ Provident Fund Organization (EPFO) can apply for availing benefits under the scheme.
  • It is targeted for employees earning wages less than Rs. 15,000/- per month.
  • The scheme will be in operation for a period of 3 years and GOI will continue to pay and all new eligible employees will be covered till 2019-20.

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