Current Affairs for Engineering Service Exam
Video Lectures and Test Series for ESE 2019
- National and International Issues on
- Economic Development
- Social Development
- Industrial Development
- Energy and Environment
- Information and Communication Technology
- The Key Initiatives of Government
- General Knowledge
Topic 2 : Industrial Development
Two Years of RERA
The year 2016 changed the real estate sector by Real Estate (Regulation and Development) Act
- The act is characterised by trust, rules, regulations and regulatory oversight
- Bringing discipline in the Real Estate Sector was one of the core objectives
- ensured an eco-system that would prevent the entry of ‘fly by night’ operators
- Real Estate Act fills the existing gap between the Development/Municipal laws and the Apartment Ownership Act
- Is intended to regulate transactions (buying and selling) and enforcement of contracts
- The States to set up the Regulatory Authority and the Appellate Tribunal
- Act attempts to balance the interests of the consumers and the developers by imposing clear responsibilities on both
- Transparency of contractual conditions
- Set minimum standards of accountability
- A fast-track dispute resolution mechanism
- Act is aimed at consumer protection, by creating an online system for information sharing
Read more at: PIB
The secondary steel sector
Modern steelmaking processes can be divided into two categories: Primary and Secondary steelmaking. Primary steelmaking involves converting liquid iron from a blast furnace and steel scrap into steel . Secondary steelmaking involves refining of the crude steel before casting and the various operations are normally carried out in ladles. In secondary metallurgy, alloying agents are added, dissolved gases in the steel are lowered, and inclusions are removed or altered chemically to ensure that high-quality steel is produced after casting
Government of India has taken various initiatives to improve the performance of this sector.
- A few such initiatives are – supporting energy efficiency projects (Energy conservation and control of GHG emission) and R&D activities, strengthening institutional support, protecting domestic producers from below-cost import from foreign countries through antidumping measures, launching of an award scheme to recognise and encourage progressive units for adopting energy-efficient technologies and innovative measures.
- The National Steel Policy 2017 has set a target of 300 million tonnes per annum of production capacity by 2030.
About the Industry
- One of the most significant aspects of the secondary steel sector is that it reaches out to people in the rural areas, meeting rural demand.
- This sector has certain specific advantages over the primary steel sector such as lower capital and land requirements and the capability to produce special sections and customized products.
- The secondary steel sector comprises various sub-sectors such as sponge iron units, EAFs, IF units, re-rolling mills, cold rolling mills, galvanizing units, wire drawing units, and tinplate producers
- Kolkata in West Bengal, Mumbai in Maharashtra, and Mandi Gobindgarh in Punjab were the initial three clusters of the secondary steel sector in the country.
- With the advent of induction furnace (IF) melting units in the early eighties, the sector further expanded in the country in cluster mode.
- The steel industry in India contributes nearly 2 per cent to the country’s gross domestic product (GDP).
Read more at: PIB
Topic 2 : Environment
Damage to Aravallis
The Supreme Court ordered the demolition of structures built illegally in the protected forests of the Aravallis.
- The ecological damage done by colonisers to the ancient hills was irreversible.
- The court pulled up the State town and country planning department for supporting the illegalities.
- The Aravalli Range is a range of mountains running approximately 692 km (430 mi) in a southwest direction, starting in North India from Delhi and passing through southern Haryana, through to Western India across the states of Rajasthan and ending in Gujarat.
- The Aravalli Range has several forests with a diversity of environment
Read more at: The Hindu
Topic 2 : Energy
Apsara – U Reactor Becomes Operational at Bhabha Atomic Research Centre
Nearly sixty-two years after Apsara, the first research reactor in Asia came into existence, a swimming pool type research reactor “Apsara-upgraded”, of higher capacity was born at Trombay on 10th September 2018
- The reactor, made indigenously, uses plate type dispersion fuel elements made of Low Enriched Uranium (LEU).
- By virtue of higher neutron flux, this reactor will increase indigenous production or radio-isotopes for medical application by about fifty percent
- Would be extensively used for research in nuclear physics, material science and radiation shielding.
Read more at: PIB
Topic 3 : ICT
The Indian Railways launched a web portal www.railsahyog.in.
- It is simple & transparent
- It will provide a platform for the Corporates and PSUs to contribute to creation of amenities at/near Railway Stations through Corporate Social Responsibility funds.
- It will provide an opportunity for Industry/ Companies/ Associations to collaborate with Railways.
- It will remove all hurdles faced by the companies for cooperation with Railways.
- It main focus would be on ensuring creation of good quality assets through this collaboration
Read more at: PIB
Model International Center for Transformative Artificial Intelligence (ICTAI)
NITI Aayog, Intel, and Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR) announced that they are collaborating to set up a Model International Center for Transformative Artificial Intelligence (ICTAI) towards developing and deploying AI-led application-based research projects.
- This initiative is part of NITI Aayog’s ‘National Strategy for Artificial Intelligence’ Discussion Paper
- Based in Bengaluru, the Model ICTAI aims to conduct advanced research to incubate AI-led solutions in three important areas – healthcare, agriculture and smart mobility
- It aims to experiment, discover and establish best practices in the domains of ICTAI governance, fundamental research, physical infrastructure, compute and service infrastructure needs, and talent acquisition.
- ICTAI is chartered to develop AI foundational frameworks, tools and assets, including curated datasets and unique AI algorithms.
- The intent is to develop standards and support policy development related to information technology such as data-storage, information security, privacy, and ethics for data capture and use.
- The model Centre also plans to develop AI foundational technologies to promote applied research that can scale for national impact and will lead to the creation of a vibrant and self-sustaining ecosystem.
- Another key area of its focus will be collaboration with industry leaders, startups, and AI services and product companies to productize technologies and IP that are developed at the model ICTAI.
Read more at: PIB
Topic 4: The Key Initiatives of Government
Ujwal DISCOM Assurance Yojana (UDAY)
- It is to provide financial and operational turnaround of power distribution companies andaims at long term affordable and accessible 24×7 power supply to all.
- It has target of making all DISCOMs profitable by 2018-19 through four initiatives such as Improving operational efficiencies of Discoms, Reduction of cost of power, Reduction in interest cost of Discoms, Enforcing financial discipline on DISCOMs through alignment with state finances.
- Under this programme, States shall take over 75% of DISCOM debt over two years i.e 50% of DISCOM debt shall be taken over in 2015-16 and 25% in 2016-17.
- Government of India will not include the debt taken over by the states as per the above scheme in the calculation of fiscal deficit of respective states in the financial years 2015-16 and 2016-17.
- States will issue non-SLR including SDL bonds in the market or directly to the respective banks / financial institutions (FIs) holding the DISCOM debt to the appropriate extent.
- DISCOM debt not taken over by the state shall be converted by the banks / FIs into loans or bonds.
- National Heritage City Development and Augmentation Yojana (HRIDAY) is focused on holistic development of heritage cities.
- The main objective of HRIDAY is to preserve character of the soul of heritage city and facilitate inclusive heritage linked urban development in partnership with State Government
- The duration of HRIDAY schemes would be Four Years starting from December 2014 (i.e. Till December 2018).
- It is a central sector scheme with 100 percent funding coming from Central Government.
- The scheme will broadly focus on four theme areas i.e. Physical Infrastructure, Institutional Infrastructure, Economic Infrastructure & Social Infrastructure for reviving and revitalizing the soul of Heritage City.
- The projects can be funded directly or through support from other stakeholders including private sector.
- Coverage (12 Cities) – Ajmer, Amravati, Amritsar, Badami, Dwarka, Gaya, Kanchipuram, Mathura,Puri, Varanasi, Velankanni, Warangal.
- The Scheme supports development of core heritage infrastructure projects that include revitalization of urban infrastructure for areas around heritage assets.
Topic 5: General Knowledge
India’s first missile tracking ship
India’s first missile tracking ship is built by Hindustan Shipyard Limited (HSL).
- It is being built for the National Technical Research Organisation, the technical intelligence agency
- It will be named after its induction into the Indian Navy. For now, it is simply referred as VC 11184.
- It will be the first of its kind ocean surveillance ship being built as part of the efforts
- It has the capacity to carry 300-strong crew with hi-tech gadgets and communication equipment, powered by two diesel engines, and a large deck capable of helicopter landing.
- It would put India in the elite of club of a few countries that have such a sophisticated ocean surveillance ship
Read more at: The Hindu
- Indo-Mongolia joint exercise Nomadic Elephant-2018, commenced at Mongolian Armed Forces (MAF) Five Hills Training Area, Ullanbaatar, Mongolia
- The 12 days long joint exercise will be conducted from 10 Sep to 21 Sep 2018.
- Exercise Nomadic Elephant is an annual, bilateral exercise since 2006 which is designed to strengthen the partnership between Indian Army and Mongolian Armed Forces.
- The exercise will see them improve their tactical and technical skills in joint counter insurgency and counter terrorist operations in rural and urban scenario under United Nations mandate.