Quiz – October 5 ,2018October 7, 2018
Quiz -October 7,2018October 8, 2018
Current Affairs for Engineering Service Exam
Video Lectures and Test Series for ESE 2019
- National and International Issues on
- Economic Development
- Social Development
- Industrial Development
- Energy and Environment
- Information and Communication Technology
- The Key Initiatives of Government
- General Knowledge
Topic 1:Industrial development
The number of small and marginal agricultural land holdings in the country (known as operational holdings) has registered a marginal increase in 2015-16 compared to 2010-11, according to the the tenth agricultural census.
- The percentage of land holders who are women has increased from 12.79% in 2010-11 to 13.87% in 2015-16.
- Small and marginal holdings (Below two hectares) constituted 86.21% of the total land holdings, an increase of 1.2 percentage points compared to 2010-11.
- The operated area (which includes any agricultural land, provided a part of it used for production) has shown a decline of 1.5%.
Read more at: The Hindu
Topic 2 : Environment
IPCC Climate change report
The deadly heat waves could hit India and if the world gets warmer by 2 degree Celsius over pre-industrial levels, says the world’s biggest review report on climate change to be released by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).
- The implications of the report will be discussed at the Katowice climate change conference in Poland where governments will review the Paris Agreement to tackle climate change.
- The Special Report on Global Warming of 1.5 degrees C warns that average global temperatures could breach the 1.5 degree level as early as 2030.
- In the Indian subcontinent, the IPCC report specifically mentions Kolkata and Karachi among cities that could face an increased threat of heat waves.
- The global warming affects human health, causing loss of millions of lives
- The poverty is expected to increase with rise in global warming, the impacts associated with other biodiversity-related risks include forest fires
Read more at: ET
Topic 2 : Energy
Country’s first 2G biofuel plant
Bharat Petroleum Corporation Ltd (BPCL) will complete commissioning of its second generation (2G) ethanol bio-refinery at Baulsingha village in Bargarh district of Odisha by 2020.
- The ethanol will be produced from rice straw.
- The refinery will have a capacity to produce three core litres of fuel grade ethanol per year by utilizing around two lakh tonnes of rice straw.
- Ethanol will be blended with petrol and used as fuel
- BPCL is planning to set up two such plants at Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra soon.
- The plant will create around 1200 direct and indirect employment
Read more at: ET
National Energy Policy
Niti Aayog is preparing the policy.
- The policy will lay the road map for the country’s push towards renewable energy and reducing fuel imports, among other things.
- It will replace the Integrated Energy Policy
- To focus on aligning energy prices with benchmarks in the international market to enable market driven prices and limiting subsidies to the identified beneficiaries.
The broad objectives:
- Enhanced energy independence
- Increased access at affordable prices
- Greater sustainability and higher economic growth.
Read more at: ET
Topic 4: The Key Initiatives of Government
Varishtha Pension Bima Yojana
- It is a part of Government‘s commitment for financial inclusion and social security.
- The scheme will be implemented through Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC).
- It is to provide social security to elderly persons aged 60 years and above by giving an assured pension at a guaranteed rate of 8% per annum for 10 years.
- The differential return, i.e., the difference between the return generated by LIC and the assured return of 8% per annum would be borne by Government of India as subsidy on an annual basis.
Mothers’ Absolute Affection (MAA) Program
- The program aims to enhance optimal breastfeeding practices in the country.
- It seeks to create an enabling environment to ensure that mothers, husbands and families receive adequate information and support for promotion of breastfeeding.
- The chief components of the Programme are:
- Community awareness generation
- Strengthening inter personal communication through ASHA
- Skilled support for breastfeeding at Delivery points in Public health facilities, and
- Monitoring and Award/recognition
Topic 5: General Knowledge
Bilateral Maritime Exercise Between Japan and India (JIMEX 18) to Commence at Visakhapatnam.
- It aimed to enhance interoperability, improve understanding and imbibe the best practices of each other.
- To enhance safety and security of the global commons in keeping with ‘rule based order’
Read more at: PIB