October 30,2018

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October 30, 2018

Current Affairs for Engineering Service Exam

Video Lectures and Test Series for ESE 2019

 Topics list:

  1. National and International Issues on
    1. Economic Development
    2. Social Development
    3. Industrial Development
  2. Energy and Environment
    1. Energy
    2. Environment
  3. Information and Communication Technology
    1. Technology
    2. Application
  4. The Key Initiatives of Government
  5. General Knowledge

Topic 1:Economic development

Bilateral Currency Swap Agreement

India and Japan signed a currency swap agreement worth $75 billion.

Key Facts:

  • A currency swap typically involves the exchange of interest and sometimes of principal in one currency for the same in another currency with out converting to dollar.
  • Interest payments are exchanged at fixed dates through the life of the contract.
  • Improving the confidence in the
  • It will bring down the cost of capital for Indian entities while accessing the foreign capital market.
  • It aid in bringing greater stability to foreign exchange and capital markets in India.

Read more at: The Hindu

Topic 2 : Environment

CSIR develops Less Polluting Firecrackers

CSIR scientists have developed Less Polluting Firecrackers which are not only environment friendly but 15-20 % cheaper than the conventional ones.


  • The crackers have been named as safe water releaser (SWAS), safe minimal aluminium (SAFAL) and safe thermite cracker (STAR).
  • It has unique property of releasing water vapour and /or air as dust suppressant and diluent for gaseous emissions and matching performance in sound with conventional crackers.
  • SWAS crackers eliminates usage of (KNO3) Potassium nitrate and Sulphur, consequent reduction in particulate matter is (30-35%) SO2 and NOx
  • STAR eliminates usage of KNO3 and S with consequent reduction in particulate matter (35-40%), SO2 and NOx. It has matching sound intensity with commercial crackers in the range of 105-110 dBA.
  • SAFAL has minimal usage of aluminium (only in flash powder for initiation) with consequent significant reduction in particulate matter(35-40%) compared to commercial crackers. It has matching sound intensity with commercial crackers in the range of 110-115 dBA.


  • CSIR-CEERI, an electronics laboratory, is developing safe and pollution free technology of electronic crackers (E-crackers) to meet latent social aspiration of enjoying fireworks.
  • It includes various products like E-Ladi, E-Anar, system for E-cracker show etc.
  • E-Ladi is based on high-voltage electrostatic discharge to generate light/sound effect. It is triggered by providing heat to the thermal switch which will give the excitement of firing the conventional cracker.
  • The E-Ladi is also programmable to give various light/sound effect

Read more at: PIB

Delhi tops national charts in bad air quality

Climate Trends, an Indian group working on environmental issues has picked up the 14 cities in the CPCB data in summer and winter months for a comparative analysis to put it in context with the WHO children’s health report.

Highlights of the report:

  • 93% of the world’s children under 15 years breathe polluted air.
  • Delhi tops the charts of bad air quality nationally.
  • India faces the highest air pollution-related mortality and disease burden in the world with more than 2 million deaths occurring prematurely every year, accounting for 25% of the global deaths due to poor air quality.


Fourteen out of the 20 most polluted cities in the world are in India as per figures compiled and released earlier this year by the World Health Organization (WHO).

Read more at:The Hindu

Topic 3 : ICT

In-flight connectivity

The telecom department is considering allowing only data services in flights and water vessels within Indian territorial boundaries.

The guidelines:

  • Under the proposed in-flight connectivity guidelines, both voice and data services would be provided to passengers on flights and maritime transport within the national boundaries.
  • Globally, many airlines offer wi-fi for passengers, but they have to switch off the facility when they enter Indian airspace.

Read more at: The Hindu

Topic 4: The Key Initiatives of Government


  • SRISTI – Sustainable Rooftop Implementation for Solar Transfiguration of India is a proposed scheme by the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy.
  • The proposed scheme will incentivise the installation of roof top solar projects in India.
  • It aims to achieve a national solar rooftop target of 40 GW by 2021-22.
  • Under SRISTI, a central financial assistance will be provided only for installation of roof top solar plants in residential sectors.
  • Once approved, the concept will acts as a basis for phase – II of solar rooftop power programme.

Modified Special Incentive Package Scheme (M-SIPS)

  • The scheme aims to provide a special incentive package to boost domestic electronic product manufacturing sector and move towards Union Government‘s goal of Net Zero imports’ in electronics by 2020.
  • It promotes large scale manufacturing in the Electronics System Design and Manufacturing (ESDM) sector by:
  1. Providing subsidy for capital expenditure upto 20% for investment in SEZ and 25% in non-SEZs.
  2. Providing reimbursement of duties and central taxes for projects with high capital investments.
  • The incentives will be available for investments made within 5 years from the date of approval of the project.
  • Unit receiving incentive will provide undertaking to remain in commercial production for at least 3 years.

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