Current Affairs for Engineering Service Exam
Video Lectures and Test Series for ESE 2019
- National and International Issues on
- Economic Development
- Social Development
- Industrial Development
- Energy and Environment
- Information and Communication Technology
- The Key Initiatives of Government
- General Knowledge
Topic 1:Economic development
Global Competitiveness Index for 2018
The World Economic Forum has released Global Competitiveness Index for 2018.
- India was ranked as the 58th most competitive economy with a score of 62.0 on the Global Competitiveness Index 2018.
- India ranked highest among South Asian countries. Sri Lanka was ranked 86th, Bangladesh 103rd, Pakistan 107th and Nepal 109th.
- India leads the region in all other areas of competitiveness except for health, education and skills.
- India’s greatest competitive advantages include its market size and innovation.
Areas that India needs to improve:
- Labour market (in particular workers rights)
- Product market (in particular trade tariffs) and
- Skills (in particular pupil-teacher ratio)
- The United States topped the list with a score of 85.6, followed by Singapore and Germany at the second and the third positions respectively.
- Other countries in the top 10 include Switzerland (4th), Japan (5th), Netherlands (6th), Hong Kong (7th), United Kingdom (8th), Sweden (9th) and Denmark (10th).
- In Europe, Sweden is ranked the highest among the Nordic economies at 9th position, while France (17th) is among the top 20.
- Competitiveness performance in the Middle East and North Africa remains diverse, with Israel (20th) and the United Arab Emirates (27th), leading the way in their respective regions.
- 17 of the 34 sub-Saharan African economies are among the bottom 20. Mauritius (49th) leads the region, ahead of South Africa and nearly 91 places ahead of Chad (140th).
- Among the BRICS economies, China topped the list at 28th place with a score of 72.6, followed by Russia, India, South Africa and Brazil respectively.
About Global Competitiveness Index:
- The World Economic Forum’s Global Competitiveness Index 4.0 is a composite indicator that assesses the set of factors that determine an economy’s level of productivity – widely considered as the most important determinant of long-term growth.
- The GCI 4.0 framework is built around 12 main drivers of productivity – Institutions, Infrastructure; Technological readiness; Macroeconomic context; Health; Education and skills; Product market; Labour market; Financial system; Market size; Business dynamism; and Innovation.
Read more at: The Hindu
Topic 1:Industrial development
Bihar’s Shahi litchi gets GI tag
Bihars Shahi litchi has got the Geographical Indication (GI) tag and has become an exclusive brand in the national and international market.
- The famous Shahi litchi, which is famous for its sweet, juicy, unique flavour and aroma, is mostly grown in Muzaffarpur and neighbouring districts including East Champaran, Vaishali, Samastipur and Begusara.
- The GI registration was done in the name of Litchi Growers Association of Bihar.
- GI tag to Shahi litchi will boost up its demand in the market and will minimise the fear of fake and poor quality litchis.
- Bihar produces 40 per cent of the litchi grown in the country on 38 per cent of the area
About GI tag:
- A GI is a name or sign used on certain products which corresponds to a specific geographical location or origin such as a town, region, or country.
- The tag name conveys an assurance of quality and distinctiveness, which is essentially attributable to the place of its origin.
Read more at: ET
Topic 2 : Environment
Water Disinfection System “OneerTM”
Council of Scientific and Industrial Research ,Indian Institute of Toxicology Research (CSIR-IITR), Lucknow has developed an innovative technology for “Drinking Water Disinfection System” with Trade name “Onee’’.
- It is useful for continuous treatment of water and eliminates all disease causing pathogens such as virus, bacteria, fungi, protozoa and cyst
- To provide safe drinking water to domestic and communities settings as per National and International standards prescribed for potable water (BIS, WHO etc.).
- The device will go a long way in meeting the requirements of potable water in rural and urban areas
- The technology will be helpful especially for rural people since it can be solar powered and
- The development is in line with the ‘Make in India’ Mission
Read more at: PIB
Topic 2 : Energy
First smoke-free State
Kerala is set to become the first smoke-free State in the country with public sector oil companies eyeing 100% LPG penetration.
- With three bottling plants at Kochi, Kozhikode, and Kollam, LPG is being brought to 49.79 lakh customers through 308 distributors.
- LPG is being supplied beyond commercial considerations with the Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana initiated by the Ministry of Petroleum aimed at providing 50 million free LPG connections to women in poor households.
About Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana:
- It aims to provide LPG (liquefied petroleum gas) connections to poor households.
- Under the scheme, an adult woman member of a below poverty line family identified through the Socio-Economic Caste Census (SECC) is given a deposit-free LPG connection with financial assistance of Rs 1,600 per connection by the Centre.
- Eligible households will be identified in consultation with state governments and Union territories.
- The scheme is being implemented by the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas.
Objectives of the scheme:
- Empowering women and protecting their health.
- Reducing the serious health hazards associated with cooking based on fossil fuel.
- Reducing the number of deaths in India due to unclean cooking fuel.
- Preventing young children from significant number of acute respiratory illnesses caused due to indoor air pollution by burning the fossil fuels.
Read more at: The Hindu
Topic 3 : ICT
Government eMarketplace (GeM)
Government e-Marketplace (GeM) is a one stop portal to facilitate online procurement of common use Goods & Services required by various Government Departments / Organizations / PSUs.
- GeM aims to enhance transparency, efficiency and speed in public procurement.
- It provides the tools of e-bidding, reverse e-auction and demand aggregation to facilitate the government users achieve the best value for their money.
- The purchases through GeM by Government users have been authorized and made mandatory by Ministry of Finance
Read more at :PIB
China’s Artificial moon Project
China is planning to launch its own ‘artificial moon’ by 2020 to replace street lamps and lower electricity costs in urban areas.
About the Project:
- The first man-made moon will launch from Xichang Satellite Launch Center in Sichuan, with three more to follow in 2022.
- The imitation celestial body essentially an illuminated satellite will bear a reflective coating to cast sunlight back to Earth, where it will supplement streetlights at night.
- It could be eight times more luminous than the actual, original moon.
- It will also orbit much closer to Earth; about 500 km (310 miles) away, compared to the moon’s 380,000 km (236,000 miles).
- Its expected brightness, in the eyes of humans, is around one-fifth of normal streetlights
- The new moons could save the city of Chengdu around 1.2 billion yuan ($173 million) in electricity costs annually, and could even assist first responders during blackouts and natural disasters.
Read more at: The Hindu
China tests world’s largest unmanned drone
China has successfully tested the world’s largest unmanned transport drone which can carry a payload of 1.5 tonnes.
- Feihong-98 (FH-98) is now the world’s largest unmanned transport aircraft, with a maximum payload of up to 1.5 tonnes.It was adapted from the prototype of the Shifei Y5B
- The FH-98 features simple take-off and landing, simple operation, advanced technology, at an affordable cost.
About Unmanned drones:
It is an unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) that usually carries aircraft ordnance such as missiles and is used for drone strikes.Aircraft of this type have no onboard human pilot.These drones are usually under real-time human control, with varying levels of autonomy.
Read more at: The Hindu
Topic 5: General Knowledge
Dharma Guardian- 2018
To promote Military cooperation, India and Japan are all set to hold the first ever joint military exercise ‘DHARMA GUARDIAN-2018’.
- Emphasis will be laid on increasing interoperability between forces from both countries.
- Both sides will jointly train, plan and execute a series of well developed tactical drills for neutralisation of likely threats that may be encountered in urban warfare scenario.
- To share their expertise on varied operational aspects.
- Deepening strategic ties including closer defence cooperation between the two countries.
- It will contribute immensely in developing mutual understanding and respect for each other’s militaries and also facilitate tracking the worldwide phenomenon of terrorism.
Read more at: PIB