October 12,2018

Quiz -October 10,2018
October 12, 2018
Quiz – October 11,2018
October 12, 2018

Current Affairs for Engineering Service Exam

Video Lectures and Test Series for ESE 2019

 Topics list:

  1. National and International Issues on
    1. Economic Development
    2. Social Development
    3. Industrial Development
  2. Energy and Environment
    1. Energy
    2. Environment
  3. Information and Communication Technology
    1. Technology
    2. Application
  4. The Key Initiatives of Government
  5. General Knowledge

Topic 1:Economic development

Vision of a USD 5 Trillion Indian Economy

The Working Group tasked to develop a roadmap towards achieving a 5 trillion dollar economy by 2025 has prepared its report.

Highlights:

  • India is one of the fastest growing major economies and is currently ranked as the world’s sixth largest economy.
  • The current structure of the economy and the emerging dynamics provide grounds to target achieving:
  1. 1 trillion dollar from agriculture and allied activities
  2. 1 trillion from manufacturing
  3. 3 trillion from services.
  • In agriculture the Government is aiming to reorient policy focus from being production-centric to becoming income-centric.
  • The proposed Industrial Policy 2018 provides an overarching, sector-agnostic agenda for the enterprises of the future and envisions creating a globally competitive Indian industry that is modern, sustainable and inclusive.
  • The Champion Services sector initiative is also under way to accelerate the expansion of select service sectors.

The Working Group:

  • The Working Group was constituted by the Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion in the Ministry of Commerce and Industry with participation from government and industry.
  • The Group held extensive and broad-based consultations with stakeholders to better understand the aspirations and the potential.

Read more at: PIB

Topic 1:Social development

Global Hunger Index 2018

The Global Hunger Index report 2018  released annually by Welthungerhilfe and Concern Worldwide.

Component indicators of GHI:

  1. Undernourishment: the share of the population which is undernourished and reflects insufficient caloric intake.
  2. Child wasting:the share of children under the age of five who are wasted (low weight-for-height), reflecting acute undernutrition.
  3. Child Stunting: the share of children under the age of five who are stunted (low height-for-age), reflecting chronic undernutrition.
  4. Child mortality:the mortality rate of children under the age of five.

Dimensions of hunger: The GHI scores are based on a formula that captures three dimensions of hunger-

  1. Insufficient caloric intake
  2. Child under nutrition
  3. Child mortality

Performance of India:

  • India has been ranked at 103 out of 119 countries in the Global Hunger Index 2018, with hunger levels in the country categorized as “serious”.
  • At least one in five Indian children under the age of five is wasted.
  • India’s ranking has dropped three places from last year
  • The percentage of undernourished people in the population has dropped from 18.2% in 2000 to 14.8% in 2018.
  • The child mortality rate has halved from 9.2% to 4.3%.
  • The child stunting has dropped from 54.2% to 38.4% over the same period

The only country with a higher prevalence of child wasting is the war-torn nation of South Sudan.

Concerns:

  • Hunger and forced migration world wide
  • The Index projects that at the current rate of progress, 50 countries will fail to reach the “low” hunger category by 2030.

Read more at:The Hindu

Topic 1:Industrial development

Special Central Government Package for Footwear and Leather Sector

The Central Government has approved a special package for employment generation in leather and footwear sector.

Highlights:

  • The package involves implementation of Central Sector Scheme – Indian Footwear, Leather & Accessories Development Programme (IFLADP) with an approved expenditure of Rs. 2600 Crore for 2017-20.
  • The scheme aims at development of infrastructure for the leather sector, address environmental concerns specific to the leather sector, facilitate additional investments, generate employment and increase production
  • Enhanced Tax incentives
  • Reforms in labour laws
  • DIPP has also given in-principal approval for mega leather cluster at Bantala in West Bengal

Read more at: PIB

Revised Consumer Price Index Numbers on Base year

  • The Central Statistics Office (CSO), Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation has revised the Base Year of the Consumer Price Index (CPI).

Key Changes:

  • The base year revised from 2010=100 to 2012=100.
  • It will effect from the release of indices for the month of January 2015.
  • The CPI (Rural, Urban, Combined) on Base 2012=100 is being released for the month of September 2018.
  • The Consumer Food Price Index (CFPI) for all India Rural, Urban and Combined are also being released for September 2018.

About CPI:

  • A consumer price index (CPI) measures changes in the price level of market basket of consumer goods and services purchased by households.
  • It is a statistical estimate constructed using the prices of a sample of representative items whose prices are collected periodically.
  • The index is usually computed monthly, or quarterly in some countries, as a weighted average of sub-indices for different components of consumer expenditure.

Read more at: PIB

National Electronics Policy 2018

The Union Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) has released the draft of the National Electronics Policy 2018.

The draft:

  • The policy aiming for a turnover of $400 billion in domestic electronics manufacturing by 2025
  • Promoting ease-of-doing business for the entire electronic system design manufacturing or ESDM sector
  • Encouraging industry-led research and development and innovation in all sub-sectors of electronics.
  • The policy targets production of one billion mobile handsets by 2025
  • Push the startup ecosystem in emerging technology areas
  • Provision of suitable direct tax benefits
  • Replacing the M-SIPS (Modified Special Incentive Package Scheme) with schemes that are easier to implement such as interest subsidy and credit default guarantee, etc.
  • The ministry of electronics and information technology (MeitY) will “coordinate with the concerned ministries/departments to provide incentives to industry for rapid and robust expansion of electronics hardware manufacturing within the country.

Read more at: ET

Centre for the Fourth Industrial Revolution

The World Economic Forum has announced its new Centre for the Fourth Industrial Revolution in India.

About the centre:

  • It would aim to bring together the government and business leaders to pilot emerging technology policies.
  • The centre would be based in Maharashtra
  • It has selected drones, artificial intelligence and blockchain as the first three project areas.
  • It will work in collaboration with the government on a national level to co-design new policy frameworks and protocols for emerging technology
  • NITI Aayog will coordinate the partnership on behalf of the government and the work of the centre among multiple ministries.
  • The WEF has entered into partnerships with the Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh governments for the new initiative and more states would be roped in going forward.
  • The new centre in India will work closely with project teams in San Francisco, Tokyo and Beijing, where such Centres are already present.

Fourth Industrial Revolution:

The fourth industrial revolution is a technological revolution that will fundamentally alter the way we live, work and relate to one another.

Read more at: PIB

Topic 4: The Key Initiatives of Government

Crime and Criminal Tracking Network and Systems (CCTNS)

  • It is a Mission Mode Project (MMP) under the National e-Governance Plan of Govt. of India.
  • It is aimed to create a comprehensive and integrated system for enhancing the efficiency and effectiveness of Police.
  • A nationwide networked infrastructure for evolution of IT-enabled state-of-the-art tracking system around ―investigation of crime and detection of criminals‖ will be created to automate police functions at police Station and higher levels.
  • It will also create facilities and mechanism to provide public services like registration of online complaints, ascertaining the status of case registered at the police station, verification of persons etc.

Shaala Sarathi

  • It is a portal launched by the Ministry of HRD.
  • It is a State-NGO-CSR Portal to aid the collaboration among the stakeholders in sharing innovative practices in various schools.
  • Shaala Siddhi is a comprehensive school evaluation system focused on well-defined quality based parameters that facilitates Schools to make professional judgments for improvement.

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