October 11,2018

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October 11, 2018
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October 12, 2018

Current Affairs for Engineering Service Exam

Video Lectures and Test Series for ESE 2019

 Topics list:

  1. National and International Issues on
    1. Economic Development
    2. Social Development
    3. Industrial Development
  2. Energy and Environment
    1. Energy
    2. Environment
  3. Information and Communication Technology
    1. Technology
    2. Application
  4. The Key Initiatives of Government
  5. General Knowledge

Topic 1:Social development

World Bank’s Human Capital Index

The World Bank released a Human Capital Index (HCI) as part of the World Development Report 2019.

Theme of the World Development Report : The Changing Nature of Work

Highlights:

  • The World Bank has launched a Human Capital Project (HCP).
  • The HCP programme is claimed to be a program of advocacy, measurement, and analytical work to raise awareness and increase demand for interventions to build human capital.

Components of HCP:

  • A cross-country human capital measurement metric called the Human Capital Index (HCI).
  • A programme of measurement and research to inform policy action
  • A programme of support for country strategies to accelerate investment in human capital.

About HCI:

  • The HCI has been constructed for 157 countries.
  • It claims to seek to measure the amount of human capital that a child born today can expect to attain by age 18.
  • The HCI index values are contended to convey the productivity of the next generation of workers, compared to a benchmark of complete standard education and full health.

The components of HCI:

  • Survival, as measured by under-5 mortality rates
  • Expected years of Quality-Adjusted School which combines information on the quantity and quality of education
  • Health environment using two proxies of (a) adult survival rates and (b) the rate of stunting for children under age 5

HCI for India in the Report:

  • Human Capital Index: A child born in India today will be only 44 per cent as productive when she grows up as she could be if she enjoyed complete education and full health.
  • The HCI in India for females is marginally better than that for males.
  • Probability of Survival to Age 5: 96 out of 100 children born in India survive to age 5.
  • Expected Years of School: In India, a child who starts school at age 4 can expect to complete 10.2 years of school by her 18th birthday.
  • Adult Survival Rate: Across India, 83 per cent of 15-year olds will survive until age 60.
  • Gender Differences: In India, HCI for girls is marginally higher than for boys.

Read more at: PIB

Topic 1:Industrial development

National Council for Vocational Education and Training, NCVET

The Union Cabinet has approved the merger of the existing regulatory institutions in the skills space – National Council for Vocational Training (NCVT) and the National Skill Development Agency (NSDA) into the National Council for Vocational Education and Training (NCVET).

About NCVET:

  • NCVET will regulate the functioning of entities engaged in vocational education and training, both long-term and short-term and establish minimum standards for the functioning of such entities.
  • Functions:
  1. Recognition and regulation of awarding bodies, assessment bodies and skill related information providers
  2. Approval of qualifications developed by awarding bodies and Sector Skill Councils (SSCs)
  3. Indirect regulation of vocational training institutes through awarding bodies and assessment agencies
  4. Research and information dissemination
  5. Grievance redressal.
  • Composition: The Council would be headed by a Chairperson and will have Executive and Non-Executive Members

Benefits:

  • Improvement in quality and market relevance of skill development programs lending credibility to vocational education and training
  • Encouraging greater private investment
  • Employer participation in the skills space
  • It will help achieve the twin objectives of enhancing aspirational value of vocational education and of increasing skilled manpower
  • Making India the skill capital of the world.
  • To facilitate the ease of doing business by providing a steady supply of skilled workforce to the industry and services.

Read more at: PIB

IWAI to launch new Ro-Ro service to Majuli Island

Inland Waterways Authority of India (IWAI) will be starting a new Roll on-Roll off (Ro-Ro) facility in collaboration with the Government of Assam to provide the much-needed connectivity for Majuli Island.

Benefits:

  • The Ro-Ro facility will cut down the circuitous road route of 423 KMs that trucks take from Neamati to Majuli Island via Tezpur Road Bridge, by limiting the distance to only 12.7 KM with the use of river route.

About Majuli:

  • Majuli is one of the biggest riverine islands in the world located on river Brahmaputra
  • It is the first island district of the country
  • It was declared the largest river island in the world, toppling Marajo in Brazil, by Guinness World Records in 2016.

About IWAI:

  • Inland Waterways Authority of India (IWAI) is the statutory authority in charge of the waterways in India.
  • Its headquarters is located in Noida, UP.
  • It does the function of building the necessary infrastructure in these waterways, surveying the economic feasibility of new projects and also administration.

Read more at: ET

Topic 3 : ICT

Space Applications Center

The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) signed an MoU with the Central University of Jammu (CUJ) in Jammu for setting up of the Satish Dhawan Center for Space Science in the University.

Highlights:

  • To create awareness about space research
  • To motivate young minds to take up research related to space, astronomy, geology, atmospheric sciences and related fields, a two day workshop was also inaugurated at the CUJ campus.
  • Tapping potential of Space Applications for the region of J&K in various fields like disaster management, health, education, communication, weather forecasting, land use planning, etc.
  • Particular interest to J&K and the larger Himalayan region as its economy and habitations are affected by vegetation cover, forest area, snow, landslides, avalanches, ground water, cloud cover, atmospheric conditions etc. which can be easily monitored from space through remote sensing.
  • It will have facilities for Geospatial Data analysis that will help in sustainable use of natural resources and planning land-use pattern.
  • It will have ground-based observations for Atmospheric Studies, research lab for astrophysics, Atmospheric Sensing and Glacier studies Lab for better use of large quantity of water stored in the form of seasonal snow, ice and glaciers in the rivers of North India.

About Space Sciences:

Space Sciences is a multidisciplinary subject which involves basic sciences such as physics, chemistry, biology, astronomy, geology, planetary science, mathematics, atmospheric sciences, geography, space engineering and even space law.

Read more at: PIB

Online Assurances Monitoring System

The Union Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs developed the Online Assurances Monitoring System(OAMS).

Highlights:

  • This system has made the information regarding assurances given on the floor of the Houses of Parliament paper less
  • It is available in digital format.
  • All assurances being culled out by the Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs through e-Office would be reflected on this system and various Ministries/Departments, Lok Sabha Secretariat and Rajya Sabha Secretariat would communicate for all purposes through this system.
  • This would encompass various actions related to Parliamentary Assurances including sending implementation reports, request for dropping, request for extension and decision thereon. Here after, physical communication would not be accepted.

Read more at: PIB

Topic 4: The Key Initiatives of Government

Pradhan Mantri Kisan Sampada Yojana

  • The Cabinet Committee has approved the renaming of SAMPADA (Scheme for Agro-Marine Processing and Development of Agro-Processing Clusters) as Pradhan Mantri Kisan Sampada Yojana.
  • It is the new Central Sector Scheme that aims to supplement agriculture, modernize processing and decrease Agriculture waste.  
  • The implementation period of the scheme is 2016-20 coterminous with the 14th Finance Commission cycle.
  • It is a comprehensive package to give a renewed thrust to the food processing sector in the country.
  • The implementation of this scheme will result in creation of modern infrastructure, growth of food processing sector and providing better prices to the farmers.

FAME India Scheme

  • FAME India Scheme [Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of (Hybrid &) Electric Vehicles in India] was launched in 2015.
  • Its objective is to support hybrid/electric vehicles market development and Manufacturing eco-system.  
  • The phase I of FAME expires on March 31, 2018.
  • In phase II, the government is targeting a fully (100%) electric fleet for public transport, including buses, taxis and auto-rickshaws.
  • The FAME India Scheme is aimed at incentivising all vehicle segments i.e. 2 Wheeler, 3 Wheeler Auto, Passenger 4 Wheeler Vehicle, Light Commercial Vehicles and Buses.

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