Current Affairs for Engineering Service Exam
Video Lectures and Test Series for ESE 2019
- National and International Issues on
- Economic Development
- Social Development
- Industrial Development
- Energy and Environment
- Information and Communication Technology
- The Key Initiatives of Government
- General Knowledge
Topic 1:Economic development
RCEP offer India concession
Several Asian member countries of the proposed Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) have offered India a significant concession.
- The ASEAN countries are keen to have India as part of the partnership and have made India a concessional offer of opening up only about 83% of its market, as compared to the original 92% that the RCEP agreement stipulated.
- The RCEP allows for bilateral agreements also to be made so India can perhaps open up to China gradually and not in one go.
- The RCEP is a proposed trade agreement between the 10 Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) countries and their six free trade agreement partners, namely Australia, China, India, Japan, Korea, and New Zealand.
- The grouping would comprise 25% of global GDP, 30% of global trade, 26% of FDI flows, and 45% of the population.
Read more at: The Hindu
Topic 1:Industrial development
MoEF approved Ennore Port plan
The Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEF & CC) has accorded its approval for the expansion proposal of Kamarajar Port Ltd at Ennore, but with stringent conditions.
- No development to be carried out on 100 metres on either side of the Kosasthalaiyar river.
- Maintaining a buffer of 100m since water bodies and wetlands are more important than development activity.
- A 50-metre buffer zone be maintained from the mangrove boundary around the project area.
About Ennore Port:
- Ennore Port, officially renamed Kamarajar Port Limited, is located on the Coromandel Coast.
- It is the 12th major port of India, and the first port in India which is a public company.
- The Centre holds a stake of about 68 per cent in the Kamarajar Port Limited and the remaining 32 per cent is held by the Chennai Port Trust.
Read more at: The Hindu
Topic 2 : Environment
Ozone Layer Status
A new UN report has unveiled that ozone layer is finally beginning to heal from all the damages caused by anthropogenic means.
- Scientists across the world have raised the alarm about the impact of chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) on ozone layer in the 1980s.
- In 1987, countries around the world agreed in the Montreal Protocol to phase out CFCs and businesses came up with replacements for spray cans and other forms of the harmful chemicals.
- As a result of it, the upper ozone layer above the Northern Hemisphere should be completely restored in the 2030s.
- The report has highlighted that, a gaping hole in the ozone over the Antarctic won’t disappear until later in the 2060s.
About ozone layer:
- A layer of ozone envelops the Earth and keeps damaging ultraviolet, or UV, radiation from reaching living things on the planet’s surface.
- The ozone layer exists mainly in the stratosphere, a layer of the atmosphere that reaches from 10 to 50 kilometers (about 6 to 30 miles) above the Earth’s surface.
About Ozone hole:
The ozone hole is a region of depleted layers of ozone above the Antarctic region, whose creation is linked to increased cases of skin cancer.
- Chlorofluorocarbons, or CFCs, are compounds made up of combinations of the elements chlorine, fluorine and carbon; aerosols, refrigerants and foams contain CFCs.
- When these CFCs enter the air, they rise up into the atmosphere to meet up with and destroy ozone molecules.
- Some of the better-known CFCs are the Freon compounds, which were used as cooling ingredients in refrigerators and air conditioners. CFCs have lifetimes from 50 to 100 years.
About Montreal Protocol:
- The Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer is an international treaty designed to protect the ozone layer by phasing out the production of numerous substances that are responsible for ozone depletion.
- It is the only environmental treaty which enjoys universal ratification of 197 UN numbers countries.
- The protocol has been amended by Kigali Agreement which was signed by the member countries in its 28th Conference of Parties (CoP).
- Kigali agreement aims to phase out Hydro fluorocarbons (HFCs), a family of potent greenhouse gases by the late 2040s.
- The protocol and its amendments have banned the use of ozone destroying chemicals and the rate of ozone depletion seems to have slowed.
- Its implementation has not only led to the phase-out of around 98% of ozone depleting chemicals, but also averted more than 135 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent emissions.
Read more at: ET
Topic 3 : ICT
China unveils space station
China unveiled a replica of its first permanently crewed space station, which would replace the international community’s orbiting laboratory and symbolises the country’s major ambitions beyond the earth.
- The International Space Station is a collaboration between the U.S., Russia, Canada, Europe and Japan.
- The International Space Station has been in operation since 1998 and due to be retired in 2024.
- China’s a core module of its space station which is expected to be completed by 2022.
- It is named “Tiangong” or “Heavenly Palace” with 3 astronauts placed permanently.
- China will have the only space station in orbit after ISS expires in 2024.
- Tiangong will be much smaller than the ISS which weighs 400 tonnes.
- It weighs 60 tonnes and will have the lifespan of around 10 years.
- China has announced that the lab would be open to “all countries” to conduct science experiments.
Read more at: The Hindu