Current Affairs for Engineering Service Exam
Video Lectures and Test Series for ESE 2019
- National and International Issues on
- Economic Development
- Social Development
- Industrial Development
- Energy and Environment
- Information and Communication Technology
- The Key Initiatives of Government
- General Knowledge
Topic 2 : Environment
The government is increasingly starting to accept small water enterprises such as water ATMs and community purification plants as an alternative solution to the safe drinking water challenge.
- A recent report by the Comptroller and Auditor General of India (CAG) pointed out that only 18% of the rural population has access to potable piped water, failing to meet the 2017 target of 50%.
- India is ranked at 120 out of 122 countries on the Water Quality Index, said Niti Aayog, adding that 70% of the country’s water supply is contaminated.
- 82 crore people who still do not have access to piped water.
About water ATMs:
The water ATM is a dispensation system, which can be automatic with a coin or smart card, or manual.
Benefits of water ATMs:
- To reach the government’s Har Ghar Jal target of 100% piped water by 2030.
- Provide safe drinking water at affordable prices
- Can reach remote villages
- Lower cost
- Prevents health diseases
Read more at: The Hindu
Topic 3 : ICT
After being implemented in some offices over the past couple of years on pilot basis, the concept of e-office is set to take off in around 35 departments simultaneously from January 1,2019.
- It is a digital workplace solution.
- e-Office paves way for an efficient and Open Government with a suite of products to go paperless and streamline workflows for both intra- and inter-government processes.
- The product is built on Open Architecture.
- It is being developed by National Informatics Centre
- Swift service delivery
- Ensures Transparency
- Reduces corruption
- Environment friendly
- Lowers cost of maintenance
- Maintains accuracy
Read more at: The Hindu
Topic 4: The Key Initiatives of Government
Pradhan Mantri Surakshit Matritva Abhiyan
- The program aims to provide assured, comprehensive and quality antenatal care, free of cost, universally to all pregnant women on the 9th of every month.
- It guarantees a minimum package of antenatal care services to women in their 2nd / 3rd trimesters of pregnancy at designated government health facilities.
- The health check-up includes a minimum package of prenatal care/antenatal care services i.e care given during pregnancy and medicines such as IFA supplements, calcium supplements etc would be provided to all pregnant women.
- The programme follows a systematic approach for engagement with private sector.
- It also laid special emphasis on early diagnosis, adequate and appropriate management of women with malnutrition and adolescent and early pregnancies as these pregnancies need extra and specialized care.
- Thus it aims to improve the quality and coverage of Antenatal Care (ANC) including diagnostics and counselling services as part of the Reproductive Maternal Neonatal Child and Adolescent Health (RMNCH+A) Strategy.
- Margadarshan scheme is under the purview of All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE), a national level apex advisory body under Ministry of Human Resource and Development.
- The scheme aims to provide mentoring to institutes by a well performing Institute.
- Institutions of repute will act as a mentor with its existing facilities to serve as the hub to guide and disperse knowledge to 10 technical institutions.
- It will allow for information sharing, such as technical education, research and sharing of resources to encourage best practices.
- Mentor institute also provide services to faculty for self improvement.
- Government owned, aided and self financed institutes and universities approved by AICTE can participate.
- Duration of the project shall be of 3 years.
- The fund dispersed by AICTE shall be utilized to conduct programmes for technical upliftment of the faculty members and shall not be used for purchase of equipment like computer, laptop etc.
A Scheme for Promotion of Innovation, Rural Industry & Entrepreneurship (ASPIRE)
- The scheme is launched with an objective to set up a network of technology centers, incubation centres to accelerate entrepreneurship and also to promote startups for innovation and entrepreneurship in rural and agriculture based industry.
- The planned outcomes of ASPIRE are setting up Technology Business Incubators (TBI), Livelihood Business Incubators (LBI) and creation of a Fund of Funds for such initiatives with SIDBI.