November 2,2018

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November 2, 2018
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November 3, 2018

Current Affairs for Engineering Service Exam

Video Lectures and Test Series for ESE 2019

 Topics list:

  1. National and International Issues on
    1. Economic Development
    2. Social Development
    3. Industrial Development
  2. Energy and Environment
    1. Energy
    2. Environment
  3. Information and Communication Technology
    1. Technology
    2. Application
  4. The Key Initiatives of Government
  5. General Knowledge

Topic 2 : Environment

National Action Plan for Conservation of Migratory Birds

Indian government has come out with a five year national action plan to conserve habitats of migratory birds.

Key Facts:

  • It specifically covers species which take long distances from Siberia in Russia to make the country their temporary home during winter.
  • The action plan which spans 2018-2023.
  • The NAP lays down a range of actions at national, state and  local levels with overall longer-term goal to arrest population decline and secure habitats of migratory bird species.
  • It is meant for coordinated actions among states for securing and enhancing population of migratory birds in India within their range across the Central Asian Flyway (CAF).
  • A flyway is a geographical region within which a single or a group of migratory species completes its annual cycle – breeding, moulting, staging and non-breeding.
  • The NAP has even suggested establishing flyway secretariat in the country to enhance interaction and cooperation between governments, conservationists and technical experts from all the countries to promote concrete action.

Central Asian Flyway:

  • A flyway is a geographical region within which a single or a group of migratory species completes its annual cycle-breeding, moulting, staging and non-breeding.
  • CAF is one of the nine flyways in the world.
  • CAF covers northernmost breeding ground in Siberia to the southernmost non-breeding grounds in west and south Asia, the Maldives and the British Indian Ocean Territory.
  • India has a strategic role in the flyway as it provides critical stopover sites to over 90% of the bird species known to use this migratory route.

Read more at: TOI

Oceans heating faster: study

The world’s oceans have absorbed 60% more heat than previously thought over the last quarter of a century, scientists reported.

Highlights:

  • It leaves Earth more sensitive still to the effects of climate change.
  • Scientists from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) said that the world’s oceans have absorbed 90% of the temperature rise caused by man-made carbon emissions.
  • The study found that for each of the last 25 years, oceans had absorbed heat energy equivalent to 150 times the amount of electricity mankind produces annually.
  • The excess heat produced by known man-made greenhouse gas emissions as  scientists focussed on two gases found naturally in the atmosphere — Oxygen and carbon dioxide.
  • Both Oxygen and carbon dioxide gases are soluble in water, but the rate at which water absorbs them decreases as it warms.
  • Oceans cover more than two thirds of the planet’s surface and play a vital role in sustaining life on Earth.

Read more at: The Hindu

Topic 2 : Energy

Amending the Framework Agreement of the ISA

The Union Cabinet has given ex-post facto approval for moving a Resolution in the first Assembly of the International Solar Alliance (ISA) for amending the Framework Agreement of the ISA for opening up the ISA membership to all countries that are members of the United Nations.

Benefits:

  • Opening the membership of the ISA will put solar energy in global agenda with the universal appeal for developing and deploying solar energy.
  • It will make ISA inclusive, whereby all member countries that are members of the United Nations could become member. Expanding membership will lead to ISA initiative benefitting the world at large.

About ISA:

  • The International Solar Alliance (ISA) is an alliance of more than 121 countries initiated by India, most of them being sunshine countries, which lie either completely or partly between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn.
  • The primary objective of the alliance is to work for efficient exploitation of solar energy to reduce dependence on fossil fuels.
  • The alliance is a treaty-based inter-governmental organization.
  • Countries that do not fall within the Tropics can join the alliance and enjoy all benefits as other members, with the exception of voting rights.
  • It Headquartered in Gurugram,India.

Read more at:PIB

Topic 3 : ICT

All-India Unreserved Mobile Ticketing facility App(UTSONMOBILE App)

Ministry of Railways has introduced Unreserved Mobile Ticketing.

Key Facts:

  • To promote three C’s-
  1. Cashless transactions (Digital payment),
  2. Contactless ticketing (no need to physically visit the point of sale) and
  3. Customer convenience and experience.
  • It will enable booking of unreserved tickets on all non-suburban sections across all Zonal Railways has been made available from 1st November 2018.
  • To enable seamless booking of unreserved tickets all over Indian Railways which will obviate the need for passengers to wait in queues for purchasing the tickets.
  • ‘UTSONMOBILE’ application available for Android, IOS, Windows phones. Can be downloaded from Google play or window store.
  • Application ‘in house’ developed by Indian Railway- CRIS.

Benefits of the App:

  • Mobile Ticketing shall promote 3C’s- Cashless transactions, Contact less ticketing and Customer convenience.
  • Seamless booking of unreserved tickets all over Indian Railways.
  • Obviate the need for passengers to wait in queues for purchasing the tickets and enhance the experience for booking unreserved tickets – journey, season tickets, platform tickets.
  • Environment friendly.

Read more at:PIB

ClaRAN AI bot

International Centre for Radio Astronomy Research (ICRAR) in Australia reported that the AI bot named ClaRAN scans images taken by radio telescopes.

Highlights:

  • An artificial intelligence (AI) programme used to recognise faces on Facebook can also identify galaxies in deep space
  • Its job is to spot radio galaxies — galaxies that emit powerful radio jets from supermassive black holes at their centres.
  • ClaRAN grew out of an open source version of Microsoft and Facebook’s object detection software.
  • ClaRAN is an example of a new paradigm called ‘programming 2.0’.

Read more at: The Hindu

Topic 4: The Key Initiatives of Government

Janani Suraksha Yojana

  • The objective of the JSY is to reduce maternal and infant mortality by promoting institutional delivery among pregnant women by providing conditional cash assistance of Rs.1400.
  • There is no bar on age of mother, number of children or type of institution i.e a government or accredited private health facility.
  • Financial assistance under JSY is available to all pregnant women in states that have low institutional delivery rates, namely, UP, Uttarakhand, Bihar, Jharkhand, MP, Chhattisgarh, Assam, Rajasthan, Odisha, and J&K. They are categorized as Low Performing States (LPS).
  • In High Performing States (HPS), where the levels of institutional delivery are satisfactory, pregnant women from BPL/SC/ST households only are entitled for JSY benefit.   
  • The scheme also provides performance based incentives to ASHAs.

Project Sunrise

  • The project is to tackle the increasing HIV prevalence in the North-Eastern states.
  • It aims to diagnose 90 per cent of such drug addicts with HIV and put them under treatment by 2020.
  • It will cover one lakh people living with HIV/AIDS by giving them treatment and care facilities free of cost.
  • It will be implemented in addition to the existing projects of the National AIDS Control Organization (NACO).
  • The project has been sponsored by US based Centre for Disease Control and would be implemented by Family Health International 360.

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