November 1,2018

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November 2, 2018

Current Affairs for Engineering Service Exam

Video Lectures and Test Series for ESE 2019

 Topics list:

  1. National and International Issues on
    1. Economic Development
    2. Social Development
    3. Industrial Development
  2. Energy and Environment
    1. Energy
    2. Environment
  3. Information and Communication Technology
    1. Technology
    2. Application
  4. The Key Initiatives of Government
  5. General Knowledge

Topic 1:Social development

Statue of Unity

The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi dedicated the world’s tallest statue, the ‘Statue of Unity’, to the nation.


  • The 182 metre statue of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel.
  • Located in Gujarat’s Narmada district.
  • The world’s tallest statue of 182 meters (about 600 feet).
  • It is double the height of New York’s world famous Statue of Liberty.
  • The Gujarat government has promoting the statue as a major tourism destination.

Read more at:Livemint

Topic 1:Industrial development

Veer Surendra Sai Airport, Jharsuguda

The Union Cabinet chaired has approved renaming of Jharsuguda Airport, Odisha as “Veer Surendra Sai Airport, Jharsuguda”in Odisha.


  • Veer Surendra Sai is a well-known freedom fighter of Odisha. Renaming of the Jharsuguda airport in his name will fulfill long-pending demand of the Odisha Government.
  • It will reflects the sentiments of the local public of the respective area
  • It will be a befitting tribute to the contribution of the revered personality associated with the State.

Read more at: PIB

Doing Business Report 2019

The World Bank released its latest Doing Business Report(DBR, 2019).

India’s Performance:

  • India has recorded a jump of 23 positions against its rank of 100 in 2017 to be placed now at 77th rank among 190 countries assessed by the World Bank.
  • India has improved its rank in 6 out of 10 indicators and has moved closer to international best practices (Distance to Frontier score) on 7 out of the 10 indicators.
  • The most dramatic improvements have been registered in the indicators related to ‘Construction Permits’ and ‘Trading across Borders’.
  • In grant of construction permits, India’s rank improved from 181 in 2017 to 52in 2018, an improvement of 129 ranks in a single year.
  • In ‘Trading across Borders’, India’s rank improved by 66 positions moving from 146 in 2017 to 80in 2018.

The important features of India’s performance:

  • The World Bank has recognized India as one of the top improvers for the year.
  • This is the second consecutive year for which India has been recognized as one of the top improvers.
  • India is the first BRICS and South Asian country to be recognized as top improvers in consecutive years.
  • India has recorded the highest improvement in two years by any large country since 2011 in the Doing business assessment by improving its rank by 53 positions.
  • As a result of continued performance, India is now placed at first position among South Asian countries as against 6th in 2014.

The Report:

  • The Doing Business assessment provides objective measures of business regulations and their enforcement across 190 economies on ten parameters affecting a business through its life cycle.
  • The DBR ranks countries on the basis of Distance to Frontier (DTF), a score that shows the gap of an economy to the global best practice.
  • The World bank ranks countries based on 10 parameters, including starting a business, construction permits, getting electricity, getting credit, paying taxes, trade across borders, enforcing contracts, and resolving insolvency.

Read more at: PIB

India to chair the Programme and Budget Committee of UNWTO

India to chair the Programme and Budget Committee of UNWTO Executive Council till 2021.


  • The Minister of State (Independent Charge) for Tourism, Shri. K. J. Alphons presides over the Program and Budget Committee meeting of UNWTO.
  • The Minister highlighted the role of tourism in socio-economic development through job creation, enterprise and environment development and foreign exchange earnings.

About UNWTO:

  • The World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) is the United Nations agency responsible for the promotion of responsible, sustainable and universally accessible tourism.
  • The UNWTO Executive Council represents the Organization’s governing body whose task is to take all necessary measures in consultation with the Secretary-General, for implementation of its own decisions and recommendations of the Assembly and report thereupon to the Assembly.
  • The Council meets at least twice a year, the next to be held in Bahrain.
  • The council consists of 35 Full Members elected by the assembly in proportion of one member for every Five Full Members, in accordance with the Rules of Procedure laid down by the Assembly with a view to achieving fair and equitable geographical distribution

Read more at: PIB

Topic 2 : Environment

Global Soil Biodiversity Atlas

The World Wide Fund for Nature prepared the Global Soil Biodiversity Atlas.

The Atlas:

  • It indicates risk index which takes in to account, threats from loss of above-ground diversity, pollution and nutrient over-loading, over-grazing, intensive agriculture, fire, soil erosion, desertification and climate change.
  • The two key drivers of biodiversity loss were the over exploitation of natural resources and agriculture.
  • A key aspect of this year’s report is the threat to soil biodiversity and pollinators [such as bees].
  • The risk index shows India among countries whose soil biodiversity faces the highest level of risk.
  • The other countries which are placed along with India – Pakistan, China, several countries in Africa and Europe, and most of North America.
  • The report highlighted that, while India’s per capita ecological footprint was less than 1.75 hectares/person (which is in the lowest band, among countries surveyed) its high population made it vulnerable to an ecological crisis.
  • Soil biodiversity encompasses the presence of micro-organisms, micro-fauna (nematodes and tardigrades for example), and macro-fauna (ants, termites and earthworms).

The necessary steps:

  1. Clearly specifying a goal for biodiversity recovery
  2. Developing a set of measurable and relevant indicators of progress and
  3. Agreeing on a suite of actions that can collectively achieve the goal in the required time frame.

Read more at: The Hindu

Topic 2 : Energy

Deal inked for biofuel research

The Department of Biotechnology (DBT) has signed a three-year deal with The Energy and Research Institute to set up a centre to produce “advanced biofuels and bio-commodities.”

Key Facts:

  • This is the fifth such dedicated centre for bioenergy-research and development set up by the Department.
  • The bio-centre would be focussed on not only developing technology but also commercialising.
  • To achieve the goals spelt out in the biofuel policy, which envisages high-quality algal biodiesel, cellulosic ethanol, bio butanol and bio hydrogen, according to the DBT.
  • Other than fuel, by-products envisaged at the TERI-DBT Centre include food, feed, nutrition supplements, bio-plastics and novelty speciality chemicals.

Read more at: The Hindu

Topic 3 : ICT

Open Government Data (OGD)

Open Government Data (OGD) Platform India ( India is at the forefront in promoting innovation in Open Data ecosystem in India.

Key Facts:

  • It has been set-up by National Informatics Centre (NIC) in compliance with the Open Data Policy.
  • The objective is to provide a platform for proactive access to Government owned shareable data.
  • These datasets are directly published on the platform by the Government Departments.

Read more at: PIB

NASA’s Kepler space telescope to retire

The Kepler space telescope has run out of fuel and will be retired after a 9-1/2-year mission.


  • It detected thousands of planets beyond our solar system and boosted the search for worlds that might harbour alien life.
  • Currently orbiting the sun 156 million km from the earth, the spacecraft will drift further from our planet when mission engineers turn off its radio transmitters.
  • The telescope laid bare the diversity of planets that reside in our Milky Way galaxy, with findings indicating that distant star systems are populated with billions of planets.
  • It helped pinpoint the first moon known outside our solar system.
  • The Kepler telescope discovered more than 2,600 of the roughly 3,800 exoplanets — the term for planets outside our solar system — that have been documented in the past two decades.

About Kepler telescope:

  • Launched in 2009 by NASA.
  • The Kepler mission is specifically designed to survey our region of the Milky Way galaxy to discover hundreds of Earth-size and smaller planets in or near the habitable zone and determine the fraction of the hundreds of billions of stars in our galaxy that might have such planets.

Read more at: The Hindu

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