May 9,2018

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May 10, 2018

Current Affairs for Engineering Service Exam

 Topics list:

  1. National and International Issues on
    1. Economic Development
    2. Social Development
    3. Industrial Development
  2. Energy and Environment
    1. Energy
    2. Environment
  3. Information and Communication Technology
    1. Technology
    2. Application

Topic 1:Social development

UN report for social inclusion

The UN Economic and Social Survey of Asia and the Pacific 2018 was launched here on Tuesday and urged countries to take advantage of high growth rate and share the benefits with the national society.

Highlights:

  • Governments of countries in the Asia-Pacific region are advised to take advantage of the currently favourable economic conditions in order to address vulnerabilities and enhance the resilience, inclusiveness and sustainability of their economies
  • The report described South and Southwest Asia as the fastest growing sub-region of the Asia-Pacific region and urged the countries to increase social spending.
  • A UN report on the Asia-Pacific region has urged the regional powers to invest in inclusive and sustainable growth

Read more at: The Hindu

One Stop Centres(OSCs)

100 additional One Stop Centres have been approved by the Ministry of Women and Child Development in the States of Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Mizoram, Nagaland, Odisha, Tamil Nadu and Uttar Pradesh.

Highlights:

  • Ministry of Women and Child Development (MWCD), has formulated a Centrally Sponsored Scheme for setting up One Stop Centres (OSC), to be funded from the Nirbhaya Fund. The scheme is being implemented through States/UTs from 1st April 2015.
  • The purpose of these OSCs is to facilitate integrated services for women affected with violence such as police assistance, medical aid, psycho-social counselling, legal aid/counselling, temporary stay for 5 days etc. such that aggrieved women can avail services under one roof and The OSCs are established in existing buildings and in new constructed buildings in a standard format.
  • These Centres will be established across the country to provide integrated support and assistance under one roof to women affected by violence, both in private and public spaces in a phased manner.

Read more at: PIB

Topic 2 : Energy

Solar leads India’s electricity generation

  • India installed a record 10 gigawatts (GW) of solar electricity capacity in 2017-2018, twice the rate logged in the previous year and nearly double the country’s entire solar base, the US-based Institute for Energy Economics and Financial Analysis.
  • The 10 GW of solar installed in 2017-18 represents most of the 12.1 GW of new renewable capacity commissioned over the past 12 months. Renewables now account for 20 per cent of total installed capacity in India and 7.7 per cent of electricity generation.
  • the surge in new renewable generation has increased concerns about grid constraints, the right level of ongoing investment will make those issues manageable even as renewable energy installs double to more than 20 GW annually by 2020, the IEEFA said.

Read more at: ET

Topic 3 : ICT

Artificial Intelligence to Monitor the Food Production

An artificial intelligence module has been developed by IRCTC to find anomalies in standard operating procedure using CCTV footage

Highlights:

  • The Artificial Intelligence module realises the value of their videos and photos with vision computing.
  • It can detect an unexpected change or an event that does not conform to the expected pattern using their machine learning algorithms.
  • The system detects anomalies of head gear, uniforms, rodents and mopping across kitchens and raises issues to be dealt accordingly with by IRCTC.
  • The AI system will be used to improve upon catering units. The system is capable of tracking any anomaly in the entire operation of catering

Read more at: Indian Express

D4EClub app

The launch of an app, D4EClub (Digitally for Engineers) was a platform to address the issue of unemployability and ways to improve engineering education in the country.

Highlights:

  • The colleges has to update the knowledge of teachers and bring on sabbatical experts among the Indian diaspora abroad to teach the students.
  • Students should remain updated and absorb the technologies and automation.
  • Greater interaction between the students and the industry and between the students and the faculty outside the classroom would not only motivate students but also inspire teachers to improve their knowledge

Read more at: The Hindu

Microsoft’s AI push to help disabled

  • Microsoft is launching a $25 million initiative to use artificial intelligence to build better technology for people with disabilities.
  • The five-year accessibility initiative will include seed grants for startups, nonprofit organizations and academic researchers, as well as deeper investments and expertise from Microsoft researchers.

Read more at: The Hindu

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