May 23,2018

May 22,2018
May 22, 2018
Quiz – May 22, 2018
May 23, 2018

Current Affairs for Engineering Service Exam

 Topics list:

  1. National and International Issues on
    1. Economic Development
    2. Social Development
    3. Industrial Development
  2. Energy and Environment
    1. Energy
    2. Environment
  3. Information and Communication Technology
    1. Technology
    2. Application
  1. The Key Initiatives of Government

Topic 1:Social development

71st World Health Assembly

Plenary Meeting of the 71st World Health Assembly(WHA) is being held at Geneva.

Highlights:

  • It delegates an ambitious new strategic plan for the next five years. The Organization’s 13th General Programme of Work (GPW) is designed to help the world achieve the Sustainable Development Goals – with a particular focus on SDG3: ensuring healthy lives and promoting wellbeing for all at all ages by 2030.
  • It sets three targets: to ensure that by 2023, 1 billion more people benefit from universal health coverage; 1 billion more people are better protected from health emergencies; and 1 billion more people enjoy better health and wellbeing. WHO estimates that achieving this “triple billion” target could save 29 million lives.

About WHA:

  • The World Health Assembly (WHA) is the forum through which the World Health Organization (WHO) is governed by its 194 member states. It is the world’s highest health policy setting body and is composed of health ministers from member states.
  • The main functions of the World Health Assembly are to determine the policies of the Organization, appoint the Director-General, supervise financial policies, and review and approve the proposed programme budget.

Read more at:WHO

Topic 1:Industrial development

Model Contract Farming Act, 2018

To integrate farmers with bulk purchasers including exporters, agro- industries etc. for better price realization through mitigation of market and price risks to the farmers and ensuring smooth agro raw material supply to the agro industries, Union Finance Minister announced preparation of a “Model Contract Farming Act”.

Salient features of Model Contract Farming Act, 2018 are:

  • The Act lays special emphasis on protecting the interests of the farmers, considering them as weaker of the two parties entering into a contract.(i)
  • In addition to contract farming, services contracts all along the value chain including pre-production, production and post-production have been included.
  • “Registering and Agreement Recording Committee” or an “Officer” for the purpose at district/block/ taluka level for online registration of sponsor and recording of agreement provided.
  • Contracted produce is to be covered under crop / livestock insurance in operation.
  • Contract framing to be outside the ambit of APMC Act.
  • No permanent structure can be developed on farmers’ land/premises
  • No right, title of interest of the land shall vest in the sponsor.
  • Ensuring buying of entire pre-agreed quantity of one or more of agricultural produce, livestock or its product of contract farming producer as per contract.
  • Contract Farming Facilitation Group (CFFG) for promoting contract farming and services at village / panchayat at level provided.
  • Accessible and simple dispute settlement mechanism at the lowest level possible provided for quick disposal of disputes.
  • It is a promotional and facilitative Act and not regulatory in its structure

Read more at: PIB

Topic 2 : Environment

International Day for Biodiversity

The International Day for Biodiversity (IBD) 2018 was celebrated all over the country and the National-Level Celebrations held in Hyderabad

Highlights:

  • The theme – “Celebrating 25 years of action on biodiversity” provides an opportunity to raise awareness about the importance of and threats to biodiversity, while highlighting its contribution to sustainable development.  
  • The celebrations have been organised to mark the 25 years of coming into force of the Convention on Biological Diversity.
  • The IBD 2018 celebrations have been organised by the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, in coordination with National Biodiversity Authority (NBA) and Telangana State Biodiversity Board.

Read more at: PIB

Giant Chinese salamander

The world’s largest amphibians, giant Chinese salamanders, were once thought to be widespread but now face imminent extinction due to illegal poaching and hunting as a luxury food.

Highlights:

  • The overexploitation of these incredible animals for human consumption has had a catastrophic effect on their numbers in the wild over an amazingly short time span,
  • China has a programme in place to breed and release giant salamanders back into the wild
  • The Chinese giant salamander is considered to be a “living fossil”
  • It is considered critically endangered due to habitat loss, pollution, and overcollection, as it is considered a delicacy and used in traditional Chinese medicine.

Read more at: The Hindu

Asita project

NMCG asks Delhi Development Authority (DDA) to expedite “Asita”, its Yamuna River Front Development Project

Highlights:

  • Asita is another name of river Yamuna.
  • Yamuna River Front Development  (RFD) project aims to restore, revive and rejuvenate the river’s floodplains and make them accessible to the people of Delhi.
  • A special focus of the project is on reviving the river’s bio-diversity in the National Capital.
  • The project envisages creating a green buffer area approx. 300mts wide along the river edge with species of riverine ecology
  • To revive the ecosystem of the floodplains, wetlands will be created to store the flood waters and also to improve the groundwater recharge which will eventually result in flourishing of biodiversity in the floodplains.
  • An environmentally conscious approach for integration of the river into the urban fabric of the city has been adopted.
  • A people-friendly bio-diversity zone will be created for people to interact freely with the river’s eco-system.

Read more at: PIB

Topic 4: The Key Initiatives of Government

Varishtha Pension Bima Yojana

  • It is a part of Government‘s commitment for financial inclusion and social security.
  • The scheme will be implemented through Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC).
  • It is to provide social security to elderly persons aged 60 years and above by giving an assured pension at a guaranteed rate of 8% per annum for 10 years.
  • The differential return, i.e., the difference between the return generated by LIC and the assured return of 8% per annum would be borne by Government of India as subsidy on an annual basis.

National Initiative for Development and Harnessing Innovations(NIDHI)  

  • NIDHI is an umbrella program for nurturing ideas and innovations (knowledge-based and technology-driven) into successful startups.
  • It aims to take forward student innovations in IEDC (Innovation and Entrepreneurship Development Centres) programme to commercialization stage and to accelerate the journey of idea to prototype by providing initial funding assistance.

Mission Indradhanush

  • The mission aims to cover all those children by 2020 who are either unvaccinated, or are partially vaccinated against seven vaccine preventable diseases.
  • It includes diphtheria, whooping cough, tetanus, polio, tuberculosis, measles and hepatitis B.
  • It aims to fully immunize children under the age of two years and pregnant women with all available vaccines
  • The Mission is being implemented in 201 high focus districts in the country in the first phase which has nearly 50% of all unvaccinated or partially vaccinated children.
  • The campaign is part of the Universal Immunisation Programme by 2020.
  • The Ministry will be technically supported by WHO, UNICEF, Rotary International and other donor partners.

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