May 18,2018

Quiz – May 17, 2018
May 18, 2018
May 20,2018
May 20, 2018

Current Affairs for Engineering Service Exam

 Topics list:

  1. National and International Issues on
    1. Economic Development
    2. Social Development
    3. Industrial Development
  2. Energy and Environment
    1. Energy
    2. Environment
  3. Information and Communication Technology
    1. Technology
    2. Application
  1. The Key Initiatives of Government

Topic 1:Economic development

Petition on 15th finance panel

Finance Ministers of Kerala, Delhi, West Bengal, Punjab, Andhra Pradesh and Puducherry met President Ram Nath Kovind  and submitted a memorandum demanding 13 amendments to the Terms of Reference of the 15th Finance Commission.

Highlights:

  • The terms of reference violate the federal principle as enshrined in the Constitution, erode the autonomy of all States and bring significant financial hardship to all States
  • The Ministers recommended the use of 1971 census against  the use of the population data of 2011 by the Finance Commission.
  • The memorandum has demanded that populist measures to be deleted promptly. The States and the Union Territory concerned have been arguing that it is for the popularly elected governments to decide what is ‘populist’ and what isn’t.

About The Fifteenth Finance Commission of India:

  • The Fifteenth Finance Commission was constituted by the Government of India  after approval from the President of India
  • It is a finance commission constituted in November 2017.
  • The commission’s chairman is N. K. Singh, with its full-time members being Shaktikanta Das and Anoop Singh. In addition, the commission also has two part-time members in Ramesh Chand and Ashok Lahiri.
  • The commission was set up to give recommendations for five fiscal years commencing on 1 April 2020

Read more at: The Hindu

Topic 1:Industrial development

Creation of Directorate General of Trade Remedies

Department of Commerce formally issued notification for creation of Directorate General of Trade Remedies (DGTR) in the Ministry of Commerce and Industry

Highlights:

  • DGTR will be the apex National Authority for administering all trade remedial measures including anti-dumping, countervailing duties and safeguard measures.
  • The DGTR will bring Directorate General of Anti-dumping and Allied duties (DGAD), Directorate General of Safeguards (DGS) and Safeguards (QR) functions of DGFT into its fold by merging them into one single national entity.
  • It will also provide trade defence support to our domestic industry and exporters in dealing with increasing instances of trade remedy investigations instituted against them by other countries.

Read more at: PIB

Topic 2 : Environment

SC reserves orders on Cauvery scheme

The Supreme Court reserved its final orders on the draft Cauvery Water Management Scheme 2018 prepared by the Centre.

Highlights:

  • The scheme named as Cauvery Water Management Authority.
  • The headquarters of the authority has been shifted from Bengaluru to New Delhi
  • Besides, in case of non-cooperation by the States, the authority can seek the help of the Centre, but the latter’s decision would not be final and binding on the States as mentioned in the earlier draft scheme.

Read more at: The Hindu

Topic 3 : ICT

COP-Connect

Telangana police develop own instant message app COP-Connect to enable them to pass on information in seconds.

Highlights:

  • It can handle the incidence of crime by information sharing and other associated process
  • The training modules and detailed content on other policing policies can be distributed among police personnel at the click of a button
  • A separate server for this purpose in the data centre of IT&C enables to include any number of users in a single group
  • COP-Connect would be of immense use in the  cases of missing persons, thefts, burglaries and dacoities
  • The unit officers like Superintendents of Police or Commissioners can create their groups in COP-Connect for their internal communication.

Read more at: The Hindu

Topic 4: The Key Initiatives of Government

Deen Dayal SPARSH Yojana

  • SPARSH – Scholarship for Promotion of Aptitude & Research in Stamps as a Hobby.
  • Ministry of Communication launched Deen Dayal SPARSH Yojana scheme.
  • It is a pan India Scholarship programme to children of Standard VI to IX having good academic record and also pursuing Philately as a hobby.
  • The selection would be based on the evaluation of Project work on Philately & performance in Philately Quiz conducted by the Circles.

Krishi Kalyan Cess (KKC)  

  • It is a levy/tax imposed by the Union Government on all services, which are liable to service tax, at the rate of 0.5% for financing improvement of agriculture and welfare of farmers.  
  • The proceeds are first credited to the Consolidated Fund of India and the Central Government may, after due appropriation made by Parliament, utilise the money for such specified purposes as it may consider necessary.
  • KKC is different from the Krishi Kalyan Surcharge (KKS). Surcharge levied at 7.5% of the undisclosed income will be called as KKS, which is also to be used for agriculture and rural economy.

Janani Shishu Suraksha Karyakram (JSSK)

  • The scheme entitles all pregnant women delivering in public health institutions to an absolutely free and no expense delivery including C- section.
  • All expenses are borne by the government.
  • A pregnant woman is also entitled to free transport from home to the government health facility.
  • Entitlements include free drugs and consumables, free diagnostic, free blood, free diet up to 3 days for normal delivery and 7 days for C-section.  
  • Similar entitlements have been put in place for all sick newborns accessing public health institutions for healthcare till 30 days after birth.
  • It also provides for free transport from home to institution, between facilities in case of a referral and drop back home.  
  • This initiative will also help in reducing maternal and infant mortality and morbidity.

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