May 13,2018

May 11, 2018
May 11, 2018
Quiz – May 11, 2018
May 13, 2018

Current Affairs for Engineering Service Exam

 Topics list:

  1. National and International Issues on
    1. Economic Development
    2. Social Development
    3. Industrial Development
  2. Energy and Environment
    1. Energy
    2. Environment
  3. Information and Communication Technology
    1. Technology
    2. Application
  4. The Key Initiatives of Government
  5. General Knowledge

Topic 1:Social development

Six-month jail likely for abandoning parents

The government is planning to increase the jail term for those who abandon or abuse their elderly parents to six months from the existing three months

Highlights:

  • The Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment  has drafted the Maintenance and Welfare of Parents and Senior Citizens Draft Bill, 2018, which will supersede the existing Act.
  • The draft Act also proposes doing away with the upper limit of Rs. 10,000 a month in maintenance, thus making it variable.
  • It proposed to widen the definition of children to include adopted children or stepchildren, sons-in-law and daughters-in-law, grandchildren and minors represented by their legal guardians
  • At present, only biological children and grandchildren come under the Act.
  • The definition of the term ‘maintenance’ should go beyond providing food, clothing, housing and healthcare and include safety and security of parents
  • Elderly parents can approach a maintenance tribunal if their children neglect or refuse to maintain them.

Read more at: The Hindu

India’s Global Multidimensional Poverty Index Improves

India moved to the 26th rank from its earlier 54, in a decade, among 102 developing countries with Global Multidimensional Poverty (MDP).

Highlights:

  • The national average is 21%, in the five southern States (Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Telangana and Andhra Pradesh) the average MDP is 9%.
  • The poverty levels have dropped in all States.
  • Bihar is the poorest State with 43% incidence of poverty. Jharkhand (36%), Uttar Pradesh (31%), Rajasthan (31%) and Odisha (29%) are also above the national average
  • The key southern States performed exceedingly well. Kerala has an MDP of 1%. Tamil Nadu (6%), Karnataka (11%), Telangana (14%) and Andhra Pradesh (13%) are also significantly low.
  • Kerala, with the lowest poverty level in 2005-06 at 12%, has the fastest rate of decline in relative terms, that is, relative to its previous level of poverty of 91%
  • Bihar’s poverty declined in relative terms by only 45%.
  • The poverty levels fell from 55% to 21% in a decade, mainly due to the lowered burden in the southern States
  • The fall, at the rate of 3.4 points per annum on average, is largely due to the “lower burden of poverty” among the southern Indian States
  • Researchers have extracted data from the National Family Health Survey-4 (NFHS 2015-16) for the comparison.

Read more at: The Hindu

Topic 2 : Environment

Threats to Himalayan biodiversity

The Himalayan protected areas includes 20 national parks, 71 wildlife sanctuaries, five tiger reserves, four biosphere reserves and seven Ramsar Wetland sites

Highlights:

  • It includes 133 vertebrate species of the region cited as threatened in the IUCN Red List.
  • It includes 43 species of mammals like the critically endangered Pygmy Hog, the Namdapha flying squirrel and the endangered Snow leopard, the Red Panda and the Kashmir Gray Langur
  • Of the 940 bird species found in the Indian Himalayas, 39 are endemic to the region.
  • Fifty-two species of birds are also in the threatened category like the critically endangered White-Bellied Heron and Siberian crane and vulnerable species like the Black Necked crane and the Indian Spotted eagle, among others.
  • Climate change is the major threat as far as mammals and birds are concerned.
  • Habitat loss due to land use change, illegal wildlife trade, forest fires and increasing anthropogenic activities pose threats to this Himayalan biodiversity, the publication underlines.

Read more at: The Hindu

Fishbone model helps restore mangrove cover in KWS

The Fishbone model of irrigation has helped restore the mangrove cover in the Krishna Wildlife Sanctuary (KWS) in nearly 6,000 hectares since 2006.

Highlights:

  • In this model, the water from a creek is diverted to the targeted site through feeder and field channels, converting the barren land with high saline content into fertile land that supports the survival of mangrove plant species.
  • The shape of the fishbone allows the water to reach every nook and corner of the field channels
  • The seeds of the mangrove plant species are sown on the banks of all the channels once the salinity is reduced to the required level for the survival of the plants.

Read more at: The Hindu

Mediterranean citrus under threat

The citrus greening disease now threatens the key producing region of the Mediterranean, according to researchers.

Highlights:

  • The disease emerged in the first half of the last century in Asia, where it is called yellow dragon disease by the Chinese.
  • It is spread by small insects called plant lice or psyllids which jump from tree to tree to suck the sap
  • When they do, they introduce the bacteria which ends up blocking the channels along which the sap flows.
  • As the bacteria chokes off the flow of nutrients, the leaves turn yellow, the fruit is deformed, and eventually the tree dies.
  • The insect which spreads the disease has already been found on the Arabian peninsula.
  • According to the trade magazine FruitTrop, just over one fifth of the oranges, clementines and lemons consumed in the world come from the Mediterranean region
  • It accounts for 70% of the world’s exports of citrus fruits.

Read more at: The Hindu

Topic 3 : ICT

NASA to send helicopter to Mars

NASA is planning to  send a vehicle with a new approach for planetary exploration: a helicopter.

Highlights:

  • It decided to add a small helicopter  about 4 pounds with a fuselage
  • The helicopter will be packed on the underside of the rover.
  • The helicopter is to make five short flights over 30 days.  
  • The helicopter will carry two cameras, one looking down and one pointed ahead.
  • Between flights, a solar panel will recharge its batteries.
  • After the 30 days of testing are over, the helicopter will be left behind, and the rover will move on.
  • On future missions, a helicopter could act as a scout to help a rover navigate or even bring samples.

Read more at: The Hindu

Topic 4: The Key Initiatives of Government

SANKALP

  • Skill Acquisition and Knowledge Awareness for Livelihood Promotion program (SANKALP) to be launched at a cost of Rs.4000 crores.
  • SANKALP will provide market relevant training to 3.5 crore youth

GREEN INDIA MISSION

  • Under India’s action plan for addressing the challenge of climate change -the National Action Plan on Climate Change
  • All Environment Clearances made online.
  • National Air Quality Index launched on 6th April, 2015 to monitor the quality of air in major urban centres across the country on a real-time basis.

DIGITAL SAKSHARTA ABHIYAN (DISHA) OR NATIONAL DIGITAL LITERACY MISSION (NDLM)

  • To create a participative, transparent and responsive government
  • Includes various schemes worth over Rs 1 lakh crore – Digital Locker, e-education, e-health, e-sign and national scholarship portal etc.
  • The program includes projects to ensure that government services are available to citizens electronically and people get benefit of the latest information and communication technology.
  • 2 lakhs 50 thousand gram panchayats to be connected with WiFi, Hotspot enabled broadband connection.
  • National Digital Literacy Mission (NDLM) to make at least one person in every family digitally literate with digital literacy skills by 2020.

Topic 5: General Knowledge

Decode peacock genome

To understand what gives peacock its ornamental plumage, long-train of tail feathers and disease-free long life, researchers from Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER), Bhopal, sequenced the whole genome of the bird

Highlights:

  • They found several adaptive changes in its genes compared with five other related birds which contribute to these traits
  • It gives crucial information regarding the development, physiology and evolution of the species.
  • The researchers compared peacock genes with those of five other related birds — chicken, turkey, duck, flycatcher and zebra finch.
  • Evolutionary analysis showed that peacock was a close relative of chicken.
  • Functional analysis revealed that genes that played important roles in early development, cell proliferation and differentiation showed changes in their sequences.
  • It also revealed that the bird had suffered two bottlenecks (sudden decline in population) around 4,000 million and 450,000 years ago.
  • Peacock is resistant to many pathogens including some viruses.
  • Its relative, the chicken, lives only for seven–eight years, while the peacock can live for 10-25 years
  • Several genes that were involved in early development pathways that regulate the feather, bone and muscle development also showed adaptive changes
  • The genomic data of peacock generated in this study will also help save peacock species in case it declines

Read more at: The Hindu

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *