- National and International Issues on
- Economic Development
- Social Development
- Industrial Development
- Energy and Environment
- Information and Communication Technology
Topic 1:Social development
SUVIDHA’ 100% Oxo-biodegradable Sanitary Napkin
Government announced the launch of ‘Suvidha’, the 100% Oxo-biodegradable Sanitary Napkin, under the Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Janaushadhi Pariyojana (PMBJP).
- The affordable sanitary napkin will be available for Rs. 2.50 per padat over 3200 Janaushadhi Kendras across India and would ensure ‘Swachhta, Swasthya and Suvidha’for the underprivileged Women of India.
- SUVIDHA napkins would be physically available at all Janaushadhi Kendras in the country by May 28, 2018 – World Menstrual Hygiene Day
- one of the most important requirement in ensuring the Health Security to that section of Women in India who still use unhygienic aids during menstrual period due to non-affordability of some of the popular brands of sanitary napkins available in the market today.
- Such unhygienic aids cause fungal infections, Reproductive Tract Infection, Urinary Tract Infection, Cervical cancer and also make women vulnerable to infertility.
- Moreover, the disposal of non-biodegradable sanitary napkins available today creates a huge environmental problem.
- The 100% biodegradable SUVIDHA napkin would ensure Swachhta
National Family Health Survey 2015-16
- According to the National Family Health Survey 2015-16, about 58 percent of women aged between 15 to 24 years use locally prepared napkins, sanitary napkins and tampons.
- Further, about 78 percent women in urban areas use hygienic methods of protection during menstrual period
- only 48 percent women in rural areas have access to clean sanitary napkins.
Read more at: PIB
National Nutrition Mission, and pan India expansion of Beti Bachao Beti Padhao
On the occasion of International Women’s Day, the Prime Minister launched the National Nutrition Mission and Pan India Expansion of Beti Bachao Beti Padhao (BBBP) covering all 640 districts of the Country at a mega event held at Jhunjhunu in Rajasthan today.
- The National Nutrition Mission (NNM) has been set up with a three year budget of Rs.9046.17 crore commencing from 2017-18
- It will comprise mapping of various Schemes contributing towards addressing malnutrition, including a very robust convergence mechanism, ICT based Real Time Monitoring system, incentivizing States/UTs for meeting the targets, incentivizing Anganwadi Workers (AWWs) for using IT based tools.
Beti Bachao Beti Padhao (BBBP):
- The scheme was launched by Prime Minister in January 2015 at Panipat, Haryana as comprehensive programme to address declining Child Sex Ratio (CSR) and related issues of empowerment of women over life-cycle continuum.
- The scheme is being implemented as a tri-ministerial, convergent effort of Union Ministries of Women and Child Development (WCD), Health & Family Welfare (MoHFW) and Human Resource Development (HRD). The Union Ministry of Women and Child Development (WCD) is nodal ministry for programme at the central level
- The focus of BBBP is on awareness and advocacy campaign, multi-sectoral action enabling girls’ education and effective enforcement of Pre-Conception & Pre Natal Diagnostic Techniques (PC&PNDT) Act.
- The specific objectives of the scheme are preventing gender biased sex selective elimination, ensuring survival and protection of the girl child and ensuring education and participation of the girl child.
National Nutrition Mission:
The programme through the targets will strive to reduce the level of stunting, under-nutrition, anemia and low birth weight babies. It will create synergy, ensure better monitoring, issue alerts for timely action, and encourage States/UT’s to perform, guide and supervise the line Ministries and States/UTs to achieve the targeted goals.
Salient features of the Mission are:
- The mission, commencing 2017-18, has a target to reduce under-nutrition and low birth-weight by 2 per cent each year.
- It will strive to achieve reduction in stunting from 38.4 per cent as per the National Family Health Survey-4 to 25 per cent by 2022.
- It also aims to bring down anaemia among young children, women and adolescent girls by three per cent per year.
- Under NNM, the ministries of women and child development, health and family welfare, and water and sanitation will work together.
- The mission will form an apex body that would fix targets and monitor, supervise and guide nutrition-related interventions across the ministries.
Read more at: PIB
MP power utility starts ‘Pink Electricity Zone’
On the Women’s Day, Madhya Pradesh West Power Distribution Company (MPWPDC) today started a “Pink Electricity Zone” here to be managed by women staffers
About The Pink Electricity Zone:
- It comprises 25 women staffers who would look after the energy maintenance work of 13,000 power connections in Aranya Nagar inhabited by 60,000 people
- Women would exclusively run the electricity show of Aranya Nagar. Assistant engineer, junior engineer, line supervisor, linepersons, metre readers, accountant, computer operators of the zone are all women.
Read more at: ET
Topic 1:Industrial development
Udyam Sakhi Portal for Women Entrepreneurs
On the occasion of International Women’s Day today, March 8,the Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises(MSME) launched a portal for women entrepreneurs of India: www.udyamsakhi.org.
- The portal is a network for nurturing entrepreneurship and creating business models for low cost products and services in order to empower women and make them self-reliant and self-sufficient.
- The portal provides assistance through its platform for entrepreneurship learning tools, incubation facility,training programs for fundraising, providing mentors, one-on-one investor meet, provide market survey facility and technical assistance.
Read more at: PIB
Topic 3 : ICT
Cryptojacking and how can it infect computer
The transition to a digital economy has rendered financial services more dependent on technology, and the maintenance of a robust framework to protect personal information has acquired greater importance. It has spawned a new breed of hackers -cryptojackers.
Who are the miners?
- The computers participate in the relay of information regarding transactions made between holders of the currency. These computers, called nodes, can be operated by anyone who downloads the bitcoin software available for free online. When a transaction is initiated, encrypted details are transmitted among all nodes.
- This web of nodes includes those operated by miners, whose objective is to group the outstanding transactions into blocks and then add them to the blockchain, since doing this involves a reward.
- Adding encrypted transactions to the blockchain is accomplished by the miner’s cryptocurrency software solving a complex mathematical puzzle involving the numerical keys to the encryption.
- Once a node has hit upon the right combination, it conveys its success to other nodes. Subsequently, other miners drop processing that block and move on to the next.
- The winning node that registers a transaction by adding it to the blockchain is rewarded in Bitcoin.
- Cryptocurrencies are a boon for individuals or corporations which seek financial anonymity.
- The lack of a central regulatory authority has made it possible for trade in illegal goods to happen through the virtual currencies.
- However, exchanges that trade bitcoin have witnessed massive fluctuation in prices owing to speculation.
- The trade in bitcoin remains lucrative.
- Cryptojacking is defined as the secret use of your computing device to mine cryptocurrency.Cryptojacking used to be confined to the victim unknowingly installing a program that secretly mines cryptocurrency.
Read more at: The Hindu
Prysm technology: Starship enterprise
There are occasions when a project demands the active collaboration of external subject experts, who are not employees. When the success of a project could hinge on how well these experts are integrated into the internal business ecosystem, you need something more.
- One of the leading providers of collaborative workplace solutions is Prysm
- On the ‘Prysm screen’, any type of content can be projected at the same time: Word, PDF, PPT, worksheet, video, and more.
- They can all be mirrored on different devices, moved around on the screen, edited by people at different places simultaneously in real time, making it a digital visual workplace that is a platform of platforms.
- The key component of this technology is Laser Phosphor Display, patented by Prysm. Light from ultraviolet lasers is directed onto a screen that is coated with colour phosphor stripes.
- Phosphors are activated by the energy of the lasers, thereby producing an image.
Benefits of Prysm technology:
- The screen is made up of tiles, so it can be easily customised
- There is no distortion of images if you change their original size
- Images are clearly visible when viewed from any angle
- The system consumes very low amounts of power.
Read more at: The Hindu