March 7,2018

March 6,2018
March 6, 2018
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March 7, 2018

Topics list:

  1. National and International Issues on
    1. Economic Development
    2. Social Development
    3. Industrial Development
  2. Energy and Environment
    1. Energy
    2. Environment
  3. Information and Communication Technology
    1. Technology
    2. Application

Topic 1:Economic development

India to join multilateral lender EBRD

India has got the go-ahead to join the European Bank of Reconstruction and Development (EBRD)


  • India becoming its 69th member of EBRD
  • It enabling Indian companies to undertake joint investments in regions in which the EBRD operates.

About EBRD:

  • Set up in 1991, based on a proposal by former French President Francois Mitterand, the bank’s initial focus was helping central and Eastern European nations reconstruct their economies in the post-Cold War era.
  • It remains committed to furthering the development of market-oriented economies and the promotion of private and entrepreneurial initiative.
  • The EBRD’s largest shareholder is currently the U.S., while other G7 nations also hold significant stakes.

Read more at: The Hindu

Topic 1:Social development

Ayushman Bharat for a new India -2022

The Government announced major initiatives in health sector aimed at making path breaking interventions to address health holistically, in primary, secondary and tertiary care systems, covering both prevention and health promotion.

The initiatives are as follows:

  • Health and Wellness Centre- Under this 1.5 lakh centres will bring health care system closer to the homes of people. These centres will provide comprehensive health care, including for non-communicable diseases and maternal and child health services.  These centres will also provide free essential drugs and diagnostic services.
  • National Health Protection Scheme-he second flagship programme under Ayushman Bharat is National Health Protection Scheme, which will cover over 10 crore poor and vulnerable families (approximately 50 crore beneficiaries) providing coverage upto 5 lakh rupees per family per year for secondary and tertiary care hospitalization.  This will be the world’s largest government funded health care programme

Read more at:PIB

Topic 1:Industrial development

Pradhan MantriKisan SAMPADA Yojana:

The scheme is expected to benefit 20 lakh farmers and generate 5,30,500 direct/ indirect employments by the year 2019-20


PMKSY is an umbrella scheme which incorporates all ongoing schemes of the Union Ministry of Food Processing Industries (MoFPI). It includes MoFPI’s schemes such as Mega Food Parks, Food Safety and Quality Assurance Infrastructure, Integrated Cold Chain and Value Addition Infrastructure, etc. It also includes new schemes like Creation of Backward and Forward Linkages, Infrastructure for Agro-processing Clusters, Creation/Expansion of Food Processing & Processing & Preservation Capacities.

Read more at: PIB

Topic 2 : Energy

Rooftops of small business

Rooftop solar is the fastest growing segment in renewable energy in India. One B’luru firm is already easing the path of small businesses toward a solar future.


  • Rooftop solar is the fastest growing segment in renewable energy in India, driven by large customers, according to Bloomberg New Energy Finance research.
  • These companies were constrained by their understanding of technology and the ability to arrange upfront capital but now both these issues are being addressed.
  • The government  aims to achieve 100 gigawatts of solar installations by 2022. Of that, 40 gigawatts is expected to come from rooftop installations.

Read more at: The Hindu

Topic 3 : ICT

Saposhi- new malware looms over cyberspace

A new threat looms large on the horizon of cyberspace.


  • After Mirai and Reaper, cybersecurity agencies have detected a new malware called Saposhi.
  • Saposhi is capable of taking over electronic devices and turning them into ‘bots’, which can be then used for any purpose, including a Distributed Denial Of Service attack which, with enough firepower, can cripple entire industries.

How a malware works:

  • A malware is released into cyberspace, with specific instructions programmed into it. The instructions direct the malware to take over as many devices connected to the internet as possible.
  • Depending on its programming, the malware turns internet-connected devices into ‘bots’, and starts building a botnet.
  • Malwares like Reaper and Saposhi are capable of identifying weaknesses in devices and exploiting them to turn the devices into bots.
  • Once a large enough botnet is created, simultaneous pings are sent to a single server, causing a server failure, which is called a Distributed Denial of Service attack.
  • Depending on the size of the botnet, malwares can execute multiple DDOS attacks at the same time, or over a period of time.

Read more at: The Hindu

AI-based floating head to assist ISS astronauts

A 3D-printed artificial intelligence system  described by its creators as a “flying brain”  will soon join the crew aboard the International Space Station (ISS) to assist astronauts.


  • Airbus, an aeronautics company based in Netherlands, is developing CIMON (Crew Interactive MObile CompanioN), an AI-based space assistant for Germany’s DLR Space Administration.
  • The technology demonstrator, which weighs around five kilogrammes, will be tested on the ISS by German astronaut Alexander Gerst.
  • CIMON will be the first AI-based mission and flight assistance system
  • With a face, voice and artificial intelligence, it can become a genuine ‘colleague’ on board

Read more at: The Hindu

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