March 20,2019

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March 21, 2019

Current Affairs for Engineering Service Exam

Video lectures for ESE prelims 2020

 Topics list:

  1. National and International Issues on
    1. Economic Development
    2. Social Development
    3. Industrial Development
  2. Energy and Environment
    1. Energy
    2. Environment
  3. Information and Communication Technology
    1. Technology
    2. Application
  1. General Knowledge

Topic 2 : Environment

Parrotfish in Andaman

Fishing and coral reef degradation threaten parrotfish in Andaman.

About Parrotfish:

  • Bumphead parrotfish (Bolbometopon muricatum), is an important component of coral reef ecosystem, but is highly endangered globally.
  • It is categorized as ‘vulnerable’ in the Red List of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).

Major threats:

  • Lack of regulation
  • Incidental catch by fishers
  • Degradation of coral reef habitats
  • Lack of awareness

Suggestive measures:

  • Ban night fishing for the species
  • Implement regulations regarding reef fishing
  • Create awareness
  • Protecting the coral reefs

Read more at: The Hindu

Topic 1: Industrial development

Largest energy bank

Qatar will launch the world’s largest energy bank with a capital of $10 billion in 2019.

Key Facts:

  • The move comes in the context of a fast-growing energy sector in Qatar, which plans to expand the capacity of annual production of liquefied natural gas (LNG) to 110 million tonnes by 2024.
  • The Bank will target the private sector and government’s energy projects home and abroad.
  • The bank would focus on financing oil, gas, petrochemicals, and renewable energy projects.

Read more at: ET

Cross Border Trade of Electricity Regulations 2019

The Central Electricity Regulatory Commission (CERC) has announced new regulations that will govern trading of power with neighbouring countries.

Key facts:

  • The new regulations have allowed cross border entities to trade on Indian Day Ahead Market on exchanges for the first time.
  • The sale and purchase of power between India and the neighbouring countries will be allowed through mutual agreements between the local entities and the entities of the neighboring countries through bilateral agreement between two countries, bidding route or through mutual agreements between entities.
  • The regulations provide for a designated authority appointed by the power ministry for facilitating the trade; a transmission planning agency; a nodal agency for settling charges and a system operator while the Central Transmission Utility (CTU) will grant long term and medium term open access.
  • The regulations state that the tariff for import or export of electricity across the border will be determined through competitive bidding or through mutual agreements.
  • The foreign entities will have to apply to the CTU for seeking connectivity, long-term access or medium-term access while applications for short-term access will have to made to the National Load Dispatch Centre (NLDC) which will act as the system operator.
  • The regulations have detailed provisions governing multiple areas of the cross border trade including application fee; treatment of delay in Transmission system and Generation projects; bank guarantee; metering arrangements; data and communication facilities; and cyber security etc.

Read more at: ET

Topic 4: General Knowledge

Exercise Mitra shakti-VI

Exercise MITRA SHAKTI is conducted annually as part of military diplomacy and interaction between armies of India & Sri Lanka.

Highlights:

  • The aim of the exercise is to build and promote close relations between armies of both the countries
  • To enhance ability of joint exercise commander to take military contingents of both nations under command.
  • The exercise will involve tactical level operations in an international Counter Insurgency and Counter Terrorist environment under United Nations mandate.
  • Cementing relationship between both the nations and will act as a catalyst in bringing synergy and cooperation at grassroots levels between both the armies.

Read more at: PIB

Sary-Arka-Antiterror 2019-a joint anti-terrorism exercise

The Shanghai Cooperation Organization’s (SCO) member states will hold a joint anti-terrorism exercise “Sary-Arka-Antiterror 2019.”The decision to hold a joint exercise was announced during the 34th meeting of the Regional Anti-Terrorist Structure (RATS) council held in Tashkent, Uzbekistan.

What is RATS?

  • It is a permanent organ of the SCO
  • It was established in 2004
  • It  aims to promote cooperation of member states against the three evils of terrorism, separatism and extremism.
  • It is headquartered in Tashkent.

About SCO:

  • The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation, also known as the Shanghai Pact, is a Eurasian political, economic, and military organisation which was founded in 2001 in Shanghai by the leaders of China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan,Uzbekistan,India and Pakistan.
  • The SCO’s main goals:
  1. Strengthening mutual trust and neighbourliness among the member states;
  2. Promoting their effective cooperation in politics, trade, the economy, research, technology and culture, as well as in education, energy, transport, tourism, environmental protection, and other areas;
  3. Making joint efforts to maintain and ensure peace, security and stability in the region;
  4. Moving towards the establishment of a democratic, fair and rational new international political and economic order.

Read more at: ET

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