March 19,2019

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March 20, 2019

Current Affairs for Engineering Service Exam

Video lectures for ESE prelims 2020

 Topics list:

  1. National and International Issues on
    1. Economic Development
    2. Social Development
    3. Industrial Development
  2. Energy and Environment
    1. Energy
    2. Environment
  3. Information and Communication Technology
    1. Technology
    2. Application
  1. General Knowledge

Topic 1:Economic development


The State Bank of India has launched the YONO Cash service for its customers which will allow them to withdraw cash from ATMs without their debit cards.

How does it works?

  • SBI customers can use the YONO app on their smartphones to withdraw cash from SBI ATMs, or YONO Cash Points, without using their debit and credit cards.
  • Once a request for withdrawing cash is placed, a 6-digit code will be sent to the user’s phone via SMS, which will then have to be entered into a YONO Cash Point.

About YONO:

You Only Need One (YONO) is the cardless cash withdrawal service. The initiative will address concern of using debit card at the ATMs for cash withdrawals by eliminating possible risk associated with it.


  • It will eliminate the fraudulent use of ATMs
  • It provides cardless cash withdrawal service
  • It will enhance the financial inclusion initiative of the country
  • It will reduces the cyber crimes with respect to banking sector

Read more at: Livemint

Topic 1:Industrial development

Kaladan Project

The Kaladan project connects Sittwe Port in Myanmar to the India-Myanmar border.


  • The project was jointly initiated by India and Myanmar.
  • It aims to create a multi-modal platform for cargo shipments from the eastern ports to Myanmar and to the North-eastern parts of the country through Myanmar.

Significance of the project:

  • It is expected to open up sea routes and promote economic development in the North-eastern states.
  • It will add value to the economic, commercial and strategic ties between India and Myanmar.
  • The project will reduce distance from Kolkata to Sittwe by approximately 1328 km.
  • It will reduce the need to transport good through the narrow Siliguri corridor, also known as Chicken’s Neck.

About Sittwe:

Sittwe is the capital of Rakhine State in south-western Myanmar. It is located at the mouth of the Kaladan river, which flows into Mizoram in north-eastern India.

Read more at: The Hindu


The government has constituted an inter-ministerial panel for monitoring, sanctioning and implementation of projects under FAME-II programme.


  • The Project Implementation and Sanctioning Committee will be chaired by the secretary in the Department of Heavy Industries.
  • It will have other members including NITI Aayog CEO, Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade secretary, Department of Economic Affairs secretary and secretaries in the power and new and renewable energy ministry, among others.
  • The panel’s terms of reference includes:
  1. Modifying coverage parameters for various components and sub-components of the scheme
  2. Reviewing demand incentives annually or earlier based on price and technology trends
  3. Modifying limits of fund allocations among different segments and types of vehicles
  4. Reviewing the cap for maximum incentive per vehicle
  5. Deciding other scheme parameters for its smooth roll out.

About the scheme:

  • The Rs 10,000-crore programme under the second phase of the FAME India scheme will be implemented over a period of three years with effect from April 1, 2019.
  • Under phase-II of Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of Electric Vehicles in India (FAME-II) scheme, 10 lakh registered electric two-wheelers with a maximum ex-factory price will be eligible to avail incentive of Rs 20,000 each.
  • The scheme will have a Rs 1,500-crore outlay in 2019-20; Rs 5,000 crore in 2020-21 and Rs 3,500 crore in 2021-22.
  • It will cover buses with EV technology; electric, plug-in hybrid and strong hybrid four wheelers; electric three-wheelers including e-rickshaws and electric two-wheelers.
  • It proposes support for setting up of charging infrastructure whereby about 2,700 charging stations will be set up in metropolitan cities, other million-plus cities, smart cities and cities of hilly states across India.

Read more at: ET

Topic 4: General Knowledge

West Nile Virus (WNV)

The Health Department has issued an alert in Malappuram after a six-year-old boy from the district undergoing treatment for West Nile fever died.

About WNV:

  • West Nile Virus (WNV) is a member of the flavivirus genus and belongs to the Japanese encephalitis antigenic complex of the family Flaviviridae.
  • It can cause neurological disease and death in people.
  • It is commonly found in Africa, Europe, the Middle East, North America and West Asia.
  • It is maintained in nature in a cycle involving transmission between birds and mosquitoes.
  • Humans, horses and other mammals can be infected.
  • Human infection is most often the result of bites from infected mosquitoes
  • The virus may also be transmitted through contact with other infected animals, their blood, or other tissues

Signs and symptoms:

  • Infection with WNV is either asymptomatic (no symptoms) in around 80% of infected people, or can lead to West Nile fever or severe West Nile disease.
  • About 20% of people who become infected with WNV will develop West Nile fever.
  • Symptoms include fever, headache, tiredness, and body aches, nausea, vomiting, occasionally with a skin rash (on the trunk of the body) and swollen lymph glands.
  • The symptoms of severe disease (also called neuro invasive disease, such as West Nile encephalitis or meningitis or West Nile poliomyelitis) include headache, high fever, neck stiffness, stupor, disorientation, coma, tremors, convulsions, muscle weakness, and paralysis.


  • Treatment is supportive for patients with neuro-invasive West Nile virus, often involving hospitalization, intravenous fluids, respiratory support, and prevention of secondary infections.
  • No vaccine is available for humans.

Read more at: The Hindu

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