March 19,2018

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March 18, 2018
Quiz-March 18,2018
March 20, 2018

Topics list:

  1. National and International Issues on
    1. Economic Development
    2. Social Development
    3. Industrial Development
  2. Energy and Environment
    1. Energy
    2. Environment
  3. Information and Communication Technology
    1. Technology
    2. Application

Topic 1:Economic development

Oil PSUs merger: IOC, BPCL may buy 26 per cent stake each in GAIL

State-owned Indian Oil Corp (IOC) and Bharat Petroleum Corp Ltd (BPCL) may buy 26 per cent stake each in gas utility GAIL India Ltd, paying the government over Rs 20,000 crore each to become integrated energy firms

Highlights:

  • The government is not looking at actual merger of oil companies but only transfer of its ownership to a cash rich Public Sector Undertaking(PSU), the best option would be to split the 54.89 per cent holding in GAIL equally between Indian Oil Company(IOC) and Bharat petroleum Corporation Ltd(BPCL).
  • GAIL will become their subsidiary and will continue to operate as a listed company with an independent board.
  • IOC and BPCL would get to appoint one director each on GAIL board.
  • The firm feels it already has a fledging gas business in under-construction liquefied natural gas terminals, city gas distribution projects and gas marketing.
  • And GAIL, the nation’s biggest gas transporter and marketing company, would complement that.

Read more at :ET

Topic 1:Social development

Women Science Congress

Technology can become a monitoring tool, but the real empowerment of women will come about only with the support of health workers, officials and policy-makers. Many women scientists and Technicians has participated at  the first session of 7th Women Science Congress in Imphal.

Highlights:

  • The need for easily accessible and user-friendly cancer detection kit to save women
  • About 350 million Indian households use coal, wood or cow dung-fired Chullah and referred to low-cost technologies like Briquette developed from combustible biomass that have provided succour to thousands of womenfolk from the hills.
  • Department of Science & Technology’s DISHA programme for research in various fields of science and technology, comprising of Women Scientist Schemes A for Basic/Applied Sciences
  • The need for three Rs – Recruitment, Retention and Recognition of women in scientific institutions and research.

DISHA programme

The Union Government has constituted the District Development Coordination and Monitoring Committee (DDCMC) for effective development and coordination of Central Government’s programme. It will be known as DISHA and first meeting will be held on August 13, 2016. It will monitor the implementation of 28 schemes and programmes of Union Ministry of Rural Development and other Ministries to promote synergy and convergence for convergence for greater impact

Read more at: PIB

Topic 2 : Energy

Arctic circle to have World’s first energy positive hotel

The Arctic Circle has a mystical attraction for travellers seeking to experience one of the world’s most remote regions before it melts away.

Highlights:

  • It’s in this unspoiled environment where the world’s first energy-positive hotel, Svart, will open in 2021.
  • It is designed by international architecture firm Snohetta and owned by Arctic Adventure of Norway and real estate Company MIRIS quoted CNN Travel.
  • The first tactic was deciding to build the property from naturally occurring local materials, such as stone and weather-resistant wood. These require minimal energy to create and transport, unlike fossil fuel-derived cement or steel.
  • Rationalizing building systems including ventilation, cooling and heating will also keep energy expenditure down.
  • Solar power is what will take the hotel from energy efficient to power positive.

Read more at:ET

Lithium-Ion batteries have reduced diesel generators to emergency backup

Lithium-ion batteries have made it possible to completely remove Diesel Generators or minimize their need to an extent where DG sets only work as emergency backup as promoted by Japanese multinational electronics giant Panasonic Corporation

Highlights:

  • Lithium-Ion batteries are 90 per cent-plus efficient.
  • Use of Lithium-Ion batteries allows bringing down diesel consumption by around a half.

Read more at:ET

Topic 3 : ICT

Global digital summit

The Kerala government is organising a two-day global digital summit from March 22 to develop a roadmap to make the state a hub for digital innovation and investment.

Highlights:

  • The event titled `# Future’ to be inaugurated in Kochi is expected to be attended by 2000 delegates including professionals, entrepreneurs, academicians, startups founders and corporate bodies.
  • It is a big ticket event to create a platform to soft sell Kerala’s achievements. Over 30 stalwarts from IT, banking, retail, health, education, travel and transportation will share insights on the opportunities, emerging trends and ground realities that will help enterprises to compete in digital world
  • The members of this network will become brand ambassadors of Kerala and it will also serve as an ideation platform for championing the cause of Kerala to become hub for the knowledge industry

Read more at: ET

New algorithm may prevent cyber attacks on GPS devices

Scientists have developed a novel algorithm that may help detect and prevent cyber attacks on GPS-enabled devices in real time.

Highlights:

  • The algorithm developed in the US mitigates the effects of spoofed GPS attacks on electrical grids and other GPS-reliant technologies.
  • Malicious agents have the ability to disrupt a device’s understanding of time and location by emitting a signal that is pretending to be a GPS signal
  • The algorithm, which can be applied to cell phones or computers as easily as a new app, has the ability to recognise false GPS signals and counter an attack while it occurs.
  • The main focus of researchers is to prevent attacks on the American electrical power grid, but the algorithm is applicable to several different devices.

Need to secure GPS signals

As we move forward with this concept of driver less cars, it becomes much more vital that we secure our GPS signals because the hijacking of the location abilities of a driver less car could be very dangerous.

Read more at: The Hindu

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