June 25,2018

Quiz- June 22,2018
June 24, 2018
Quiz – June 24, 2018
June 25, 2018

Current Affairs for Engineering Service Exam

 Topics list:

  1. National and International Issues on
    1. Economic Development
    2. Social Development
    3. Industrial Development
  2. Energy and Environment
    1. Energy
    2. Environment
  3. Information and Communication Technology
    1. Technology
    2. Application
  4. The Key Initiatives of Government
  5. General Knowledge

Topic 1:Economic development

Key monetary tools at the RBI’s disposal

Cash Reserve Ratio (CRR):

  • Cash Reserve Ratio (CRR) is a certain minimum amount of deposit that the commercial banks have to hold as reserves with the central bank.
  • CRR is set according to the guidelines of RBI.
  • The aim is to ensure that banks do not run out of cash to meet the payment demands of their depositors.

Statutory Liquidity Ratio:

  • The ratio of liquid assets to net demand and time liabilities (NDTL) is called statutory liquidity ratio (SLR)
  • Apart from Cash Reserve Ratio (CRR), banks have to maintain a stipulated proportion of their net demand and time liabilities in the form of liquid assets like cash, gold and unencumbered securities.
  • Banks have to report to the RBI every alternate Friday their SLR maintenance, and pay penalties for failing to maintain SLR as mandated

Repo rate:

  • Repo rate is the rate at which the central bank of a country (Reserve Bank of India in case of India) lends money to commercial banks in the event of any shortfall of funds.
  • Repo rate is used by monetary authorities to control inflation.
    • If the repo rate is lowered, then banks can potentially charge lower interest rates on the loans taken by borrowers. So that money available with people will be more

Reverse repo rate:

  • The reverse repo rate is the rate of interest offered by RBI, when banks deposit their surplus funds with the RBI for short periods.

Read more at: The Hindu

Topic 1:Social development

Yog Aayog

  • The Haryana government will constitute a ‘Yog Aayog’ to promote yoga in the State.
  • Haryana will become the second State after Chhattisgarh to constitute a ‘Yog Aayog’

Read more at: The Hindu

The Swachh Survekshan 2018

The Swachh Survekshan 2018 results have been announced. It was organized by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA), under the aegis of the Swachh Bharat Mission (Urban), assessed 4203 Urban Local Bodies.

The Survey:

  • The on-field survey for Swachh Survekshan was conducted by an independent agency and the data for ranking of the cities collected from 3 sources:
  1. Service Level Progress: To verify whether systems and processes are in place in Urban Local Bodies (ULBs) to implement Swachh Bharat Mission (Urban) in the most efficient way.
  2. Direct Observation: To verify and assess general cleanliness in the cities by making random field visits in different parts of the city and public conveniences (Community/Public Toilets).
  3. Citizens Feedback: To collect feedback directly from citizens and monitor the performance of Swachhata App, a citizens grievance Mobile App.

Performance of various cities/states:

  • Indore has emerged as the cleanest city, followed by Bhopal and Chandigarh
  • Jharkhand has been adjudged as the best performing state, followed by Maharashtra and Chhattisgarh.
  • Cleanest State Capital/UT: Greater Mumbai.
  • India’s ‘Cleanest big City’: Vijaywada (Andhra Pradesh).
  • Cleanest State Capital/UT: Greater Mumbai.
  • solid waste management : Navi Mumbai
  • The Nagpur city has been acknowledged for innovative work culture and Parbhani for citizen response.
  • Both Bhusawal and Bhiwandi got the recognition for dynamic small cities.

Objective of Survey:

  • The survey was conducted under the Swachh Bharat Mission, in cities with over 1 lakh population (Amrut cities).
  • It aimed at inculcating a spirit of healthy competition among cities to becoming clean cities.
  • The objective of the survey is to encourage large scale citizen participation and create awareness amongst all sections of society about the importance of working together towards making towns and cities a better place to live in.

Read more at: IndianExpress

Topic 1:Industrial development

Water aerodromes

Water aerodromes, where amphibian planes can land and takeoff, are likely to be a reality soon, with aviation regulator DGCA (Directorate General of Civil Aviation) issuing licensing norms for setting up such facilities.

  • Water aerodromes will help pave the way for operations of seaplanes, which are also known as amphibian aircraft
  • Water bodies can be coastal/ river/ canal as well as terrestrial
  • Water aerodrome is a defined area on water, including any buildings, installations and equipment, intended to be used either wholly or in part for the arrival, departure and movement of aircraft, as per the DGCA

Read more at: Financial Express

Topic 2 : Environment

Water aerodrome plan in Chilika

The Centre has proposed to set up a water aerodrome in the Chilika lagoon straddling three districts in an apparent bid.

Highlights:

  • To give a boost to tourism.
  • To improve fishing
  • Will  have a positive impact on the livelihood of the people living in the area
  • The water aerodrome will come up in an area of open water to be used regularly by seaplanes or amphibious aircraft

Concerns:

  • The project could pose a serious threat to the movement of  migratory and residential birds.
  • Noise pollution
  • Chilika, which is the single largest habitat of  Irrawaddy dolphins species in the world and the project may affect the ecology of Irrawaddy dolphins
  • Environmental impact

Read more at: The Hindu

Topic 2 : Energy

Suryashakti Kisan Yojana

The Gujarat government has announced Suryashakti Kisan Yojana (SKY) scheme under which farmers would be encouraged to generate electricity and sell their surplus to power distribution companies.

Highlights:

  • As per the scheme, farmers having existing electricity connection will be given solar panels as per their load requirements.
  • The State and Central governments will give 60 per cent subsidy on the cost of project.
  • The scheme envisages setting up of separate feeders for agricultural solar energy consumption.
  • It is one of the measures to achieve the goal of doubling farmer’s income. Also, this will provide farmers 12-hours power supply during the day time

Read more at: The Hindu

Topic 4: The Key Initiatives of Government

Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM)

  • SBM is intended at accelerating the efforts to achieve universal sanitation coverage.
  • It aims at achieving Open Defecation Free (ODF) nation and a Swachh Bharat (Clean India) by 2nd Oct, 2019, the 150th anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi.
  • SBM is being implemented by the Ministry of Urban Development in Urban areas and by the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation in Rural areas.  

Objectives:

  • Elimination of open defecation
  • Eradication of Manual Scavenging
  • Modern and Scientific Municipal Solid Waste Management
  • To effect behavioral change regarding healthy sanitation practices
  • Generate awareness about sanitation and its linkage with public health
  • Capacity Augmentation for ULB‘s
  • Creating an enabling environment for private sector participation.

Components:

  • Household toilets, including conversion of insanitary latrines into pour-flush latrines;
  • Community toilets
  • Public toilets
  • Solid waste management
  • Public Awareness and IEC (Information, Education and Communication).

Implementation:

  • Behaviour change is the primary focus and fundamental tool for achievement of ODF outcomes.   
  • This is carried out through the Ministry’s focused Information, Education and Communication (IEC) programme.
  • It also promotes gender sensitive information, behaviour change guidelines and various mass education activities

Funding – States will contribute a minimum of 25% funds towards all components to match 75% Central Share. This will be 10% in the case of North East and special category States.

Operation Muskaan

  • It was launched by the Union Ministry of Home Affairs
  • The main aim of the programme is to prevent child trafficking and rescue children from persons who try to engage them in begging, sexual trade and other antisocial activities.
  • Under this programme, specially trained police teams would screen all children residing in shelter homes, railway platforms, bus stands, roads and religious places.

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