June 24,2018

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June 22, 2018
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June 24, 2018

Current Affairs for Engineering Service Exam

 Topics list:

  1. National and International Issues on
    1. Economic Development
    2. Social Development
    3. Industrial Development
  2. Energy and Environment
    1. Energy
    2. Environment
  3. Information and Communication Technology
    1. Technology
    2. Application
  4. The Key Initiatives of Government
  5. General Knowledge

Topic 2 : Environment

Plastic ban in Maharashtra

The Maharashtra government enforcing a ban on plastic from today. The theme for this year environmental day is ‘Beat plastic pollution.’

The Plan:

  • Ban the manufacture, use, transport, distribution, wholesale and retail sale, storage and import of plastic bags with and without handle.
  • The ban also covers disposable products, made from plastic and thermocol (polystyrene), such as single-use disposable dishes, cups, plates etc,.
  • The ban is not applicable to PET bottles, irrespective of capacity.
  • Plastic manufactured for export in SEZs and plastic to wrap the material at the manufacturing stage are excluded from the ban.
  • The ban is applicable to manufacturers and consumers as well as the chain in between, which includes shops, hawkers, vendors and offices.

The penalty:

  • Urban and rural civic bodies, Collectors, forest officers, police authorities and Maharashtra Pollution Control Board officials have been empowered to implement the ban and take legal action.
  • The penalty for violating the ban starts from Rs. 5,000 (first offence), Rs. 10,000 (second time) and Rs. 25,000 (third time) with three months in jail.
  • In case one fails to pay the minimum penalty, the civic body can file a prosecution complaint before the court, which will decide the amount to be paid.

The alternative:

Urban local bodies, like the Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation (BMC), have invited manufacturers of alternative products to showcase their wares at a three-day exhibition.

Read more at: The Hindu

Rhino habitat under threat

The rampant mining, quarrying and stone crushing activities are threatening the ecology of the Kaziranga-Karbi Anglong landscape.

The Threat:

  • The stone mining/quarrying and stone crushers are responsible for the destruction of wildlife corridors and wildlife habitat.
  • They are also responsible for drying up and siltation of several natural streams and rivulets
  • The non-implementation of the recommendations of the National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) by the Assam government

About NTCA:

  • The National Tiger Conservation Authority(NTCA) was established in December 2005 following a recommendation of the Tiger Task Force constituted by the Prime Minister of India for reorganised management of Project Tiger and the many Tiger Reserves in India.
  • It ensures wildlife management, protection measures and site specific eco-development to reduce the dependency of local communities on tiger reserve resources. Get details on the tiger conservation, tiger population in the natural environment, tiger task force, tiger reserves in India etc.

Read more at: The Hindu

Waste water reusable pilot project

In an effort to upgrade technology that would make waste water more reusable, the Centre for Environmental Studies, Anna University has initiated a pilot project along with L&T Construction for sewage treatment.

Highlights:

  • The project aims to reduce pollutant levels in waste water to the extent that it can be reused.
  • The pilot scale waste water treatment facility aims to reduce power consumption by up to 25% and bring down pollutant levels to 10 mg/l.

Water Treatment Method:

  • The biological method using microbes
  • Would also use a UV LED disinfection system to remove coliform bacteria.
  • Aeration is the process of adding air to allow biodegradation of pollutants
  • Decanting is a process to separate sediments.
  • The various treatment processes like filling, settling, aeration and decanting would be done in the same reactor instead of different reactors.

Read more at: The Hindu

Char Dham project environmental violation

The 889-km Char Dham Highway, connecting Yamunotri, Gangotri, Kedarnath and Badrinath, is part of the route leading to Kailash Mansarovar in China.

Violations:

  • The Char Dham project falls in a zone that is highly seismic activity and landslide prone
  • The project is also expected to result in cutting of trees.
  • The construction waste from the Char Dham Highway Project in Uttarakhand continues to be dumped in river Mandakini.
  • The dumping of debris into the rivers could change their course, causing floods during the monsoon.

Steps required:

  • The detailed environmental impact assessment (EIA)
  • The disaster management authority suggestions has to be considered
  • The construction waste and debris has to be diverted to other suitable places.
  • The rehabilitation of people affected by the project.

Read more at: Indian Express

Topic 3 : ICT

Use of Aadhaar biometric data for investigating crime not allowed

UIDAI  asserted that use of Aadhaar biometric data for criminal investigation is not allowed under the Aadhaar Act.

Use of data :

  • National Crime Records Bureau  asked that the police may be provided limited access to Aadhaar data
  • The very limited exception is allowed under the Aadhaar Act for use of data for investigating crime

Aadhaar Act:

  • Under Aadhaar Act, the biometrics data collected by UIDAI can be used only for the purpose of generating Aadhaar and for authentication of identity of the Aadhaar holders and cannot be used for any other purpose.
  • Section 33 of the Aadhaar Act permits use of or access to Aadhaar biometric data in cases involving national security only after pre-authorisation by an oversight committee headed by the cabinet secretary.

About UIDAI:

  • Unique Identification Authority of India, abbreviated as UIDAI, is a government-run organization based in Delhi, India.
  • This agency is the only authorized agency that works in order to issue Aadhaar unique identification numbers (UIDs) and cards to the people of India.
  • It has been mandated by the government to develop, identify and set up the necessary infrastructure and aides for issuing Aadhaar cards.

Read more at: TOI

Unispace+50

UNISPACE+50 was celebrated at the Vienna International Centre, bringing together the international community, and reflecting on the past and future of space activities around the world

Highlights:

  • UNISPACE+50 was held to celebrate the 50th anniversary of the first United Nations Conference on the Exploration and Peaceful Uses of Outer Space
  • To assess results following the three prior UNISPACE conferences
  • Indian start-ups and participants at the meeting shared the details of the training proposal, called the Indo-UN Small Satellites Programme (UNSSP).

Space2030 agenda:

The Space2030 agenda will map out how spaceflight and space-related activities can help achieve the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) through the peaceful exploration and uses of outer space.

About UNOOSA:

The United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs (UNOOSA) works to

  • Promote international cooperation in the peaceful use and exploration of space
  • Utilisation of space science and technology for sustainable economic and social development.

The Office assists any United Nations Member States

  • To establish legal and regulatory frameworks to govern space activities
  • To strengthens the capacity of developing countries to use space science technology and applications for development
  • Help to integrate space capabilities into national development programmes.

UNOOSA is the current secretariat of the International Committee on Global Navigation Satellite Systems (ICG).

Read more at: The Hindu

Topic 4: The Key Initiatives of Government

National Rural Drinking Water Programme

  • It was started in 2009 as a Centrally Sponsored Scheme with 50-50 fund sharing between the Centre and the States.  
  • Ministry of Drinking water and sanitation is the nodal ministry.
  • Recently, the cabinet has approved the continuation and restructuring of the programme.  
  • The programme will cover all the rural population across the country to reach the goal of increasing coverage of sustainable piped water supply.  
  • There will be 2% earmarking of funds for Japanese Encephalitis (JE) /Acute Encephalitis Syndrome (AES) affected areas.  
  • There is a new sub-programme ―National Water Quality Sub-Mission (NWQSM) to cover all rural population in Arsenic/Fluoride affected habitations.

Crime and Criminal Tracking Network and Systems (CCTNS)

  • It is a Mission Mode Project (MMP) under the National e-Governance Plan of Govt. of India.  
  • It is aimed to create a comprehensive and integrated system for enhancing the efficiency and effectiveness of Police.  
  • A nationwide networked infrastructure for evolution of IT-enabled state-of-the-art tracking system around ―investigation of crime and detection of criminals
  • To automate police functions at police Station and higher levels.  
  • It will also create facilities and mechanism to provide public services like registration of online complaints, ascertaining the status of case registered at the police station, verification of persons etc

1 Comment

  1. Ravi says:

    June 22 quiz not working and no news on June 23..

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