June 15,018

Quiz – June 13, 2018
June 14, 2018
Quiz – June 14, 2018
June 15, 2018

Current Affairs for Engineering Service Exam

 Topics list:

  1. National and International Issues on
    1. Economic Development
    2. Social Development
    3. Industrial Development
  2. Energy and Environment
    1. Energy
    2. Environment
  3. Information and Communication Technology
    1. Technology
    2. Application
  4. The Key Initiatives of Government
  5. General Knowledge

Topic 1:Social development

India is facing its worst water crisis: NITI Aayog

The NITI Aayog on released the results of a study warning that India is facing its “worst” water crisis in history and that the demand for potable water will outstrip supply by 2030, if steps are not taken.

Report Highlights:

  • Nearly 600 million Indians faced high-to-extreme water stress and about 2,00,000 people died every year because of inadequate access to safe water.
  • Twenty-one cities, including Delhi, Bengaluru, Chennai and Hyderabad, will run out of groundwater by 2020.
  • There will be a 6% loss in the country’s Gross Domestic Product by 2050, the report says.
  • The critical groundwater resources, which accounted for 40% of the water supply, are being depleted at unsustainable rates and up to 70% of the supply is contaminated.

Managing water:

  • The observations are part of a study that ranked 24 States on how well they managed their water.
  • Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh took the top three spots
  • Jharkhand, Bihar and Haryana came in last in the ‘Non-Himalayan States’ category
  • Himachal Pradesh  leads in the eight-member list of States ‘North-Eastern and Himalayan’.
  • About 60% of the States were marked as low performers
  • Many of the States that performed badly  Uttar Pradesh, Odisha, Chhattisgarh accounted for 20-30% of India’s agricultural output.
  • Most of the gains registered by the States were due to their restoration of surface water bodies, watershed development activities and rural water supply provision.

Read more at: The Hindu

Cess for construction workers’ welfare

The cess is collected from construction companies, which is meant to pay for workers’ welfare.

The Act:

  • According to the Building and Other Construction Workers’ Welfare Cess Act, 1996, a 1% cess is to be levied and collected on all types of construction activities, whether by government, PSUs or private players.

Model welfare scheme:

  • The Labour Ministry released a draft model welfare scheme which includes pension, health and maternity benefits, life and disability insurance, education scholarships, skill development and housing benefits.
  • Only registered workers are eligible for the scheme.

Read more at: The Hindu

Topic 1:Industrial development

Amendments to the Major Port Authorities Bill

Amendments approved by the Union Cabinet to the Major Port Authorities Bill, 2016 are meant to make employee representation stronger in a labour-heavy work environment.

Highlights:

  • The changes include an increase in labour representatives to be appointed in the Port Authority Board.
  • The Board of each major port will be entitled to create a specific master plan in respect of any development or infrastructure established.
  • The government will have the power to remove the presiding officer or any member of the adjudicatory board from office in accordance with procedure.

About Major Ports:

  • Indian Ports are broadly classified as Major Ports and Non-Major Ports.
  • The Major Ports are under the Union List while the Non Major Ports are under the Concurrent List of the Constitution of India.
  • India has 12 major ports, which handle about 58% of sea-borne traffic.
  • These are Kolkata (including Dock Complex at Haldia), , Visakhapatnam, Chennai, V.O. Chidambaranar (Tuticorin), Cochin, New Mangalore, Mormugao, Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust (JNPT), Mumbai, Kandla and Ennore.
  • Ennore Port Ltd is a company and the remaining 11 are Port Trusts, governed by the provisions of the Major Port trusts Act, 1963.

Read more at: The Hindu

Topic 2 : Environment

Public Transport

India has witnessed a rapid growth in the number of motor vehicles. The furious pace of motorisation has led to severe traffic congestion and air pollution.

Steps taken/required

  • Improving our public transport systems.
  • Public transport uses less road space, consumes less fuel and emits less pollutants on a per passenger basis.
  • India has invested large amounts in high quality metro systems in cities such as Delhi, Bengaluru, Mumbai, Chennai, Hyderabad, Kochi, Jaipur and Lucknow.
  • The technology-based services can bring larger benefit

Read more at: The Hindu

Topic 2 : Energy

World’s largest IAEA fusion energy conference

India will host the world’s largest International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) fusion energy conference (FEC) at the Institute of Plasma Research (IPR) in Bhat in Ahmedabad.

About the Conference:

  • The conference will be a forum for discussing key physics and technology issues.
  • The conference will address emerging challenges faced by fusion energy community – technological feasibility of fusion power plants and the economic considerations related to the introduction of fusion energy.
  • The technologies developed at the Facilitation Centre for Industrial Plasma Technologies (FCIPT) will also be displayed during the conference

About International Atomic Energy Agency:

  • Widely known as the world’s “Atoms for Peace” organization within the United Nations family, the IAEA is the international centre for cooperation in the nuclear field.
  • The Agency works with its Member States and multiple partners worldwide to promote the safe, secure and peaceful use of nuclear technologies.

Read more at: ET

Topic 3 : ICT

The NaMo App

Prime Minister interacted  with beneficiaries of the Digital India scheme across the country via the NaMo App. This was his fourth outreach with beneficiaries of government schemes through video conferencing. The event was streamed on social media site Facebook.

Benefits of Digital India Scheme

  • ‘Digital India’ eliminated middlemen, empowered citizens
  • Enabled 4Es — Education, Employment, Entrepreneurship and Empowerment
  • The scheme has been a major tool in bringing digital transformation in rural areas, especially northeast.

NaMo App

  • The application is a one-stop destination for knowing about all the latest day-to-day activities of the Prime Minister.
  • The app brings all the latest information and updates about the Prime Minister.
  • The app lets the users read and know about the Governance, the initiatives and achievements of the Government

Read more at: ET

Topic 4: The Key Initiatives of Government

Pradhan Mantri Kisan Sampada Yojana

  • SAMPADA (Scheme for Agro-Marine Processing and Development of Agro-Processing Clusters) is renamed as “Pradhan Mantri Kisan Sampada Yojana”.
  • It is a Central Sector Scheme that aims to supplement agriculture, modernize processing and decrease Agriculture waste.  
  • The implementation period of the scheme is 2016-20.
  • It is a comprehensive package to give a renewed thrust to the food processing sector in the country.
  • The implementation of this scheme will result in creation of modern infrastructure, growth of food processing sector and providing better prices to the farmers.

Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Yojana (PMSSY)

The scheme aims to correct regional imbalances in the availability of affordable/ reliable tertiary healthcare services and also to augment facilities for quality medical education in the country.

  • It has two components
  1. Setting up of AIIMS like institutions and
  2. Upgradation of Government medical college institutions

Topic 5: General Knowledge

Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO)

India and Pakistan are making their maiden appearance as full members of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO). India and Pakistan were granted SCO membership in June 2017.

The Qingdao declaration:

  • The 18th Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) summit concluded with the adoption of the Qingdao declaration.
  • The Qingdao declaration calls for implementing three-year plan to combat terrorism, separatism and extremism.
  • It also calls for implementation of treaty on long-term good neighbourliness, friendship and co-operation.

About SCO:

  • The SCO was formed in 2001, with the intent of calming the Eurasian borders strained by the Sino-Soviet rivalry of the Cold War.
  • Is an economic, political and security organisation headquartered in Beijing, China.
  • The six founding states are Russia, China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan.
  • China and Russia have been the pillars of the SCO.
  • Culture has become an important element of the SCO.
  • The main objective is military cooperation between members.
  • It also works towards intelligence-sharing, counter-terrorism operations in Central Asia.
  • The full members of the organization are China, Russia, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, India and Pakistan.
  • Afghanistan, Belarus, Iran and Mongolia currently enjoy observer status of SCO.
  • Sri Lanka, Turkey, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Cambodia and Nepal are dialogue partners of SCO.

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