June 12,2018

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June 11, 2018
June 13,2018
June 13, 2018

Current Affairs for Engineering Service Exam

 Topics list:

  1. National and International Issues on
    1. Economic Development
    2. Social Development
    3. Industrial Development
  2. Energy and Environment
    1. Energy
    2. Environment
  3. Information and Communication Technology
    1. Technology
    2. Application
  4. The Key Initiatives of Government
  5. General Knowledge

Topic 1:Economic development

New integrated financial system

The Integrated Financial and Human Resources Management System that integrates automated treasury bill passing system, web pay roll and e-pension will come in to force on November 1 in Tamil Nadu.

Highlights:

  • The new system will enable the government to know the real time fund position at any time and strengthen finance and human resources management.
  • Service registers (SR) of nine lakh government employees was being digitised
  • Employee’s pay details, promotion, transfer, leave and other service details were being updated on real time basis.
  • The service history of a government servant from entry into service till retirement was also being digitised.
  • The system has security feature like bio-metric authentication and digital signature.

Read more at: The Hindu

Topic 1:Social development

Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana (PMMVY)

The scheme was approved by the Union Cabinet in May 2017.

Highlights:

  • Under the scheme, pregnant women and lactating mothers are offered a cash incentive of Rs. 6,000 on the birth of their first child as partial compensation for wage loss
  • To reduce maternal mortality
  • Reduce malnutrition levels among children.

Read more at: The Hindu

Topic 2 : Environment

India’s to phase out single-use plastics by 2022

  • India has demonstrated global leadership  by announcing that it will phase out single-use plastics by 2022.
  • The theme of World Environment Day – 2018 is Beat Plastic Pollution.

Single use Plastics

Single-use plastics, or disposable plastics, are used only once before they are thrown away or recycled. These items are things like plastic bags, straws, coffee stirrers, soda and water bottles and most food packaging. 

  • The nature of petroleum based disposable plastic makes it difficult to recycle and they have to add new virgin materials and chemicals to it to do so. Additionally there are a limited number of items that recycled plastic can be used. 
  • Petroleum based plastic is not biodegradable and usually goes into a landfill where it is buried or it gets into the water and finds it’s way into the ocean. Although plastic will not biodegrade, (decompose into natural substance like soil), it will break down into tiny particles after many years. In the process of breaking down, it releases toxic chemicals (additives that were used to shape and harden the plastic) which make their way into our food and water supply.
  • These toxic chemicals can be found in our bloodstream. And the latest research has linked them to cancer, infertility, birth defects, impaired immunity and many other ailments.

We produce hundreds of millions of tons of plastic every year, most of which cannot be recycled. 

Read more at: The Hindu

Topic 3 : ICT

Rail Madad App

Minister of Railways & Coal launched a new App “Rail Madad” – An App to expedite &  streamline passenger grievance redressal.

Salient features of Rail Madad app:

  • Rail MADAD (Mobile Application for Desired Assistance During travel) registers a complaint with minimum inputs from passenger(option of photo also available), issues unique ID instantly and relays the complaint online to relevant field officials for immediate action.
  • The  action taken on complaint is also relayed to passenger through SMS, thus fast tracking the entire process of redressal of complaints through digitisation.
  • Rail MADAD also displays various helpline numbers (e.g., Security, Child helpline etc) and provides direct calling facility for immediate assistance in one easy step
  • All modes of  filing complaints including offline and online modes are being integrated on a single platform.
  • The data analysis would also generate trends on various performance parameters of a selected train/station like cleanliness, amenities etc thus making managerial decision more precise and effective.
  • Hierarchy based dashboard/reports will be available for management at Division /Zonal/Railway board level and sent through auto email to every concerned officer weekly

Read more at: PIB

Topic 4: The Key Initiatives of Government

Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA)

  • To enhance livelihood security in rural areas by providing at least 100 days of guaranteed demand based wage employment in a financial year to every household whose adult members volunteer to do unskilled manual work.
  • Beneficiaries are willing rural population, unskilled manual labourers and seasonally unemployed.
  • A 60:40 wage and material ratio has to be maintained.
  • No contractors and machinery is allowed.
  • Wages are linked to Consumer Price Index (Agriculture labour).
  • The central government bears the 100 percent wage cost of unskilled manual labour and 75 percent of the material cost including the wages of skilled and semi-skilled workers.
  • If work is not provided within 15 days of applying, applicants are entitled to an unemployment allowance.
  • MGNREGA is to be implemented mainly by gram panchayats.
  • At least one-third beneficiaries shall be women.   
  • Social audit has to be done by the gram sabha atleast once in every 6 months.
  • Focuses on creation of durable assets as per local needs.

Aarambh

  • Aarambh is a mobile App for road maintenance in rural areas.
  • The app aims at use of GIS based mapping for making road inventories, condition surveys, producing cost estimates and other relevant data for preparation and monitoring of annual road maintenance plans.
  • There is also another initiative in the name of ―Aarambh‖ launched by the network of organizations in India and Internet Watch Foundation (IWF) in Britain.
  • It is the country’s first-ever hotline to curb sexual abuse of children through the Internet and to remove child pornographic content online.

Atal Innovation Mission (AIM)

  • It will be an Innovation Promotion Platform involving academics, entrepreneurs, and researchers drawing upon national and international experiences to foster a culture of innovation, R&D in India.
  • The platform will also promote a network of world-class innovation hubs and grand challenges for India.
  • Under this mission two major schemes were rolled out such as:
  1. Atal Tinkering Labs
  2. Atal Incubation Centres

Topic 5: General Knowledge

India to host first BIMSTEC war games

India will host the first military exercise of the BIMSTEC (Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation) group focusing on counter-terrorism in September.

Highlights:

  • The aim of the exercise is to promote strategic alignment among the member-states.
  • To share best practices in the area of counter-terrorism.
  • The theme includes counter-terrorism in semi-urban terrain and cordon and search, and each side will bring in some 30 soldiers.
  • The exercise is scheduled to be held in Pune in the second week of September.
  • BIMSTEC was set up in 1997 and includes India, Bangladesh, Bhutan Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka and Thailand.

Read more at: The Hindu

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