July 8,2018

Quiz-July,5 2018
July 6, 2018
Quiz -July 6 2018
July 8, 2018

Current Affairs for Engineering Service Exam

 Topics list:

  1. National and International Issues on
    1. Economic Development
    2. Social Development
    3. Industrial Development
  2. Energy and Environment
    1. Energy
    2. Environment
  3. Information and Communication Technology
    1. Technology
    2. Application
  4. The Key Initiatives of Government
  5. General Knowledge

Topic 1:Social development

National Health Stack

NITI Aayog has proposed creation of National Health Stack (NHS), a centralized health record for all citizens of the country.


  • To streamline the health information and facilitate effective management of the same.
  • To address the challenge and seeks to employ latest technology including Big Data Analytics and Machine Learning Artificial Intelligence, a state of the art Policy Mark-up Language
  • To create a unified health identity of citizens – as they navigate across services across levels of care, i.e. Primary, Secondary and Tertiary and also across Public and Private.
  • To bring down the costs of health protection
  • To ensure a cashless and seamlessly integrated experience for the poorest beneficiaries
  • To promote wellness across the population.

Read more at: PIB

Topic 2 : Environment

Eco-Sensitive Zones around wildlife sanctuary

In the Eco sensitive zone, industrial or mining activity are restricted.

Eco sensitive zone:

  • Eco-Sensitive Zones (ESZs) or Ecologically Fragile Areas (EFAs) are areas notified by the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change (MoEFCC), Government of India around Protected Areas , National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries.
  • The purpose of declaring ESZs is to create some kind of “shock absorbers” to the protected areas by regulating and managing the activities around such areas.
  • They also act as a transition zone from areas of high protection to areas involving lesser protection

Read more at: The Hindu

Vitro Regeneration of Endangered aquatic plant

An endangered aquatic plant, endemic to north Kerala has been reintroduced into the ecosystem.


  • Nymphoides krishnakesara , known as Neythalambal in Malayalam facing threat from environmental modifications and urbanisation.
  • It is listed in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
  • The flowers and root of the plant are used as a febrifuge (a medicine used to reduce fever
  • The threat posed by the loss of wetland ecosystems

Conservation efforts:

  • The scientists multiplied the endangered species and introduced it into the ecosystem
  • A healthy specimen in the aquatic plant conservatory was used as the source for in vitro regeneration
  • Micropropagation of the plant is done using tissue culture methods.

IUCN red list:

  • The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (also known as the IUCN Red List or Red Data List), founded in 1964
  • The world’s most comprehensive inventory of the global conservation status of biological species.
  • It uses a set of criteria to evaluate the extinction risk of thousands of species and subspecies.
  • These criteria are relevant to all species and all regions of the world

Read more at: The Hindu

Trees  multiple benefits

  • Stabilizing the soil
  • Recycling nutrients
  • Cooling the air
  • Modifying wind turbulence
  • Intercepting the rain
  • Absorbing toxins
  • Reducing fuel costs
  • Neutralizing sewage
  • Increasing property values
  • Promoting tourism
  • Encouraging recreation
  • Reducing stress
  • Improving personal health
  • Providing food, medicine and
  • Accommodation for other living things

Read more at:The Hindu

The Uttarakhand HC declares Animal kingdom as legal entity

The Uttarakhand High Court has declared entire animal kingdom i.e. all animals, including avian and aquatic species as legal entities with rights,duties and liabilities of living person.

Key Facts:

  • The move aims to ensure “greater welfare” of animals
  • Create an animal welfare committee in every district of the state.
  • All citizens of Uttarakhand have the responsibility to protect animals and ensure their welfare.

Legal entity:

  • A legal entity means an entity which acts like a natural person but whose acts are processed within the ambit of law.
  • This means the animal kingdom could be represented by a custodian.

Read more at: The Hindu

Topic 3 : ICT

Nasscom unveils centre for data, AI

The National Association of Software and Services Companies (Nasscom) has opened a Center of Excellence (CoE) for Data Science and Artificial Intelligence in Bangalore


  • Nasscom also signed a MoU with NITI Aayog to collaboratively foster applied research, accelerating adoption and ethics, privacy and security.

Centre of excellence

  • Aim to serve as a platform for intelligence-sharing and technology collaboration
  • To build collective capabilities for the industry and country in the cutting-edge areas like artificial intelligence.
  • Focusing on solutions in smart manufacturing, automotive, healthcare, agriculture, energy, IoT, banking and financial services, retail, telecom, and host of emerging technologies.
  • To support enterprises and start-ups to solve complex and real-world business problems


  • It is a trade association of Indian Information Technology (IT) and Business Process Outsourcing (BPO) industry.
  • Established in 1988, NASSCOM is a non-profit organisation.
  • NASSCOM facilitates business and trade in software and services and encourages the advancement of research in software technology.
  • It is registered under the Indian Societies Act, 1860

Read more at: The Hindu

Topic 4: The Key Initiatives of Government

Sampoorna Bima Gram Yojana

  • Ministry of Communications has recently launched Sampoorna Bima Gram Yojana to give rural people affordable life insurances services
  • Under the scheme, at least one village (having a minimum of 100 households) will be identified in each districts and provide with a minimum of one RPLI (Rural Postal Life Insurance) policy for each households
  • Coverage of all households in the identified Sampoorna Bima Gram village is the primary objective of this scheme.
  • All villages under the Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana will be brought under its ambit.

All School Monitoring Individual Tracing Analysis (ASMITA)

  • It is launched under Shala AsmitaYojana (SAY).
  • SAY aims to track the educational journey of school students from Class I to Class XII across the 15 lakhs private and government schools in the country
  • ASMITA will be an online database which will carry information of student attendance and enrolment, learning outcomes, mid-day meal service and infrastructural facilities among others.
  • Students will be tracked through their Aadhaar numbers and incase those not having unique number will be provided with it.

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