July 6,2018

Quiz-July 4,2018
July 5, 2018
Quiz-July,5 2018
July 6, 2018

Current Affairs for Engineering Service Exam

 Topics list:

  1. National and International Issues on
    1. Economic Development
    2. Social Development
    3. Industrial Development
  2. Energy and Environment
    1. Energy
    2. Environment
  3. Information and Communication Technology
    1. Technology
    2. Application
  4. The Key Initiatives of Government
  5. General Knowledge

Topic 1:Economic development

Government panel recommends Legal backing to MSP

The government panel recommended that the Centre bring out a legislation which would give farmers the right to sell their produce at MSP.

Commission for Agricultural Costs and Price:

  • The Commission for Agricultural Costs and Prices is a statutory panel under the Ministry of Agriculture which makes the recommendations for MSPs for 23 kharif and rabi crops.
  • Its suggestions are not binding on the government.

Minimum support prices:

  • Minimum Support Price is the price at which government purchases crops from the farmers, whatever may be the price for the crops.
  • The Cabinet Committee of Economic Affairs announces MSP for various crops at the beginning of each sowing season based on the recommendations of the Commission for Agricultural Costs and Prices (CACP).
  • The CACP takes into account demand and supply, the cost of production and price trends in the market among other things when fixing MSPs

Read more at:The Hindu

Topic 1:Industrial development

ICAT releases First BS-VI engine certificate

  • ICAT has completed the first BS-VI certification for a heavy duty engine model
  • The International Centre for Automotive Technology (ICAT) is a division of NATRiP implementation society (NATIS), under the administrative control of Ministry of Heavy Industries & Public Enterprises, Government of India
  • ICAT is the first of new world class centers established under the National Automotive Testing and R&D Infrastructure Project (NATRiP
  • The main objective of carrying out Research & Development besides extending homologation facilities in the field of Automotive Engineering.

BS-VI:

  • Bharat stage emission standards (BSES) are emission standards instituted by the Government of India to regulate the output of air pollutants from internal combustion enginesand Spark-ignition engines equipment, including motor vehicles.
  • Government of India has made the country leapfrog from the conventional BS-IV to directly adopt BS-VI emission norms as the next level for regulatory framework in India
  • The  implementation date of is April, 2020
  • The BS-VI emission standards are much more elaborate in their scope and integrate substantial changes to existing emission standards ensuring cleaner products to the consumer.
  • The more stringent limits on the gaseous emission components, the particulate matter (PM) limits have also been significantly reduced along with the introduction of particle number (PN) limits.

Read more at: PIB

Zero-budget natural farming

  • Karnataka Government recently announced its support to support zero-budget natural farming (ZBNF).
  • ZBNF is set of natural farming methods where cost of growing and harvesting plants is zero. It is a farming practice that believes in natural growth of crops without adding any fertilizers and pesticides or any other foreign elements.
  • It is different from organic farming
  • The farmers need not purchase fertilizers and pesticides in order to ensure the healthy growth of crops.
  • The inputs used for seed treatments and other inoculations are locally available in form of cow dung and cow urine.
  • The main aim of ZBNF is eliminate use of chemical pesticides and uses biological pesticides and promote of good agronomic practices.
  • Farmers use earthworms, cow dung, urine, plants, human excreta and such biological fertilizers for crop protection.
  • It lowers cost of inputs of farmers and gives better capacity to increase the incomes.
  • It also protects soil from degradation and helps in retaining soil fertility and is climate change resilient.

Read more at: The Hindu

Topic 3 : ICT

Crew Escape System technology

  • ISRO carried out a major technology demonstration today, the first in a series of tests to qualify a Crew Escape System, which is a critical technology relevant for human spaceflight.
  • The Crew Escape System is an emergency escape measure designed to quickly pull the crew module along with the astronauts to a safe distance from the launch vehicle in the event of a launch abort
  • The first test (Pad Abort Test) demonstrated the safe recovery of the crew module in case of any exigency at the launch pad.

The Pad Abort Test:

A pad abort test is a test of a launch escape system to determine how well the system could get the crew of a spacecraft to safety in an emergency on the launch pad

Read more at: PIB

e-Jagratha

e-Jagratha conceived by the Ernakulam district administration of Kerala to fight cybercrime.

Highlights:

  • The project aims at extending training to schoolchildren on safe, meaningful and effective use of the Internet
  • It is being implemented with the technical support of TCS and the backing of State Bank of India.
  • e-Jagratha creates awareness among teachers and parents about the responsible use of the Internet.

Read more at: The Hindu

Topic 4: The Key Initiatives of Government

Bharat Net Project

  • It is an ambitious programme to provide network infrastructure with affordable broadband connectivity on a non-discriminatory basis to all households in the country.
  • It aimed to realize the vision of Digital India, in partnership with States and the Private Sector.
  • The programme was previously called as the National Optical Fibre Network, approved in October 2011
  • It is implemented in three phases
  1. First phase  – providing broadband connectivity to one lakh gram panchayats by 2017
  2. Second Phase – providing broadband connectivity to 2 lakh gram panchayats by 2019
  3. Third Phase – providing state-of-art network using fibers between districts and block with reduced redundancy by 2023
  • Implementation will be done by the states, state agencies, private sector companies and central public sector undertakings
  • All the Service Providers like Telecom Service Providers (TSPs), ISPs, Cable TV operators etc. will be given non-discriminatory access to the National Optic Fibre Network and can launch various services in rural areas
  • It is funded from Universal Service Obligation Fund
  • Bharat Broadband Network is the nodal agency to oversee the work
  • The project was intended to enable the government of India to provide e-services and e-applications nationally like e-health, e-education and e-governance etc

Universal Service Obligation Fund

  • The fund was established in 2002 to be utilized for providing telegraph services across the country especially the rural and remote areas
  • It receives funds from the Universal Service Levy (USL) of 5% charged from all the telecom operators on their gross revenue
  • Funds are dispatched through a bidding process to an enterprise which works on providing tele services

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