Current Affairs for Engineering Service Exam
- National and International Issues on
- Economic Development
- Social Development
- Industrial Development
- Energy and Environment
- Information and Communication Technology
- The Key Initiatives of Government
- General Knowledge
Topic 1:Economic development
Scheme of Recapitalisation of Regional Rural Banks
It will enable the RRBs to maintain the minimum prescribed Capital to Risk Weighted Assets Ratio (CRAR).
- It will ensure financial stability of RRBs
- It will enable them to play a greater role in financial inclusion
- It will help them in meeting the credit requirements of rural areas.
About the Scheme of Recapitalization of RRB:
- It was started in FY 2010-11
- The identification of RRBs requiring recapitalization and the amount of capital to be provided, will be decided in consultation with NABARD.
- To allow financially strong RRBs to raise capital from sources other than Gol, State Government and Sponsor Bank.
Regional Rural Banks:
- RRBs were set up with the objective to provide credit and other facilities, especially to the small and marginal farmers, agricultural labourers, artisans and small entrepreneurs in rural areas for development of agriculture, trade, commerce, industry and other productive activities.
- RRBs are jointly owned by Government of India, the concerned State Government and Sponsor Banks with the issued capital shared in the proportion of 50%, 15% and 35% respectively.
Capital to Risk Weighted Assets Ratio:
- Is also known as Capital Adequacy Ratio (CAR)
- Is a measure of a bank’s available capital expressed as a percentage of a bank’s risk-weighted credit exposures.
- Risk-weighted assets are a financial institution’s assets or off-balance-sheet exposures weighted according to the risk of the asset.
Read more at: PIB
CSC as Banking Correspondents
CSC SPV has entered into agreement with HDFC Bank to enable the Village Level Entrepreneurs (VLEs) as Banking Correspondents of HDFC Bank.
- CSC SPV is a Special Purpose Vehicle under the Ministry of Electronics & IT
- VLEs are those who are managing the Common Services Centers
- VLEs as Banking Correspondents will make banking services more accessible in rural areas
- Will assist to promote financial inclusion
- It would help in Government’s Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT) of various schemes.
- It will facilitate withdrawal and deposit of government entitlements such as payments under MGNREGA, social welfare schemes like widow pension, handicapped and old age pension, etc.
Common Service Center:
- The Common Service Center (CSC) Scheme is an integral part of “Digital India” initiative of Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY), Government of India
- They facilities for delivering Government of India e-Services to rural and remote locations where availability of computers and Internet was negligible or mostly absent.
- They are multiple-services-single-point model for providing facilities for multiple transactions at a single geographical location.
Read more at: PIB
Topic 1:Social development
EC launches Braille-enabled Voter IDs
- The Election Commission launched voter identity cards with Braille label to ensure greater participation of persons with visual impairment in the electoral process.
- The Commission unveiled a strategic framework on “Accessible Elections” on conclusion of a two-day national level consultation with representatives of the Central government, political parties, NGOs and experts on disabilities.
- It announced a series of measures for Persons with Disabilities (PwDs) in the electoral process, which includes printing of photo-identity cards with Braille, accessible communication awareness materials, a mobile phone application to motivate and educate the voters
- Appointment of Disability Coordinates at the Assembly constituency, district and State level.
- Braille technology is assistive technology which allows blind or visually impaired people to do common tasks such as writing, browsing the Internet, typing in Braille and printing in text, engaging in chat, downloading files, music, using electronic mail, burning music, and reading documents.
- It also allows blind or visually impaired students to complete all assignments in school as the rest of sighted classmates and allows them take courses online.
- It enables professionals to do their jobs and teachers to lecture using hardware and software applications.
- The advances of Braille technology are meaningful because blind people can access more texts, books and libraries and it also facilitates the printing of Braille texts.
Read more at: The Hindu
The DNA Technology Regulation Bill 2018
The Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister has approved The DNA Technology (Use and Application) Regulation Bill 2018.
- The primary intended purpose for enactment of “The DNA Technology (Use and Application) Regulation Bill” is for expanding the application of DNA-based forensic technologies to support and strengthen the justice delivery system of the country.
- The utility of DNA based technologies for solving crimes, and to identify missing persons, is well recognized across the world.
- To ensure DNA test results are reliable and the data remain protected from misuse or abuse in terms of the privacy rights of our citizens
- Speedier justice delivery.
- Increased conviction rate.
- will enable the cross-matching between persons who have been reported missing on the one hand and unidentified dead bodies found in various parts of the country
- Establishing the identity of victims in mass disasters
Read more at: PIB
Topic 1:Industrial development
WIPO Copyright Treaty and WIPO Performance and Phonograms Treaty
The Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister has approved the proposal submitted by Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion, Ministry of Commerce and Industry regarding accession to the WIPO Copyright Treaty and WIPO Performers and Phonograms Treaty
WIPO Copyright Treaty:
- It came in force on March 6, 2002 and has been adopted by 96 contracting parties till date and is A Special agreement under Berne Convention (for protection of literary and artistic works).
- It has provisions to extend the protection of copyrights contained therein to the digital environment.
- It recognises the rights specific to digital environment, of making work available, to address “on-demand” and other interactive modes of access
WIPO Performances and Phonograms Treaty:
- It came in force on May 20, 2002 and has 96 contracting parties as its members.
- WPPT deals with rights of two kinds of beneficiaries, particularly in digital environment – (i) Performers (actors, singers, musicians etc.) (ii) Producers of Phonograms (Sound recordings).
- The treaty empowers right owners in their negotiations with new digital platforms and distributors.
- It recognizes moral rights of the performers for the first time & provides exclusive economic rights to them.
- To enable creative right-holders enjoy the fruit of their labour, through international copyright system
- To facilitate international protection of domestic rights holder by providing them level-playing field in other countries
- To instil confidence and distribute creative works in digital environment with return on investment
- To spur business growth and contribute to the development of a vibrant creative economy and cultural landscape
Read more at: PIB
Topic 2 : Environment
Delhi notifies list of fuels permissible for industrial use
The Delhi Pollution Control Committee (DPCC) has issued a notification with a list of fuels permissible for industrial use within the NCT of Delhi. All existing industrial units and commercial establishments who are currently using fuels that are not approved under the notification have been asked to switch over to approved fuels within 90 days.
Why the control?
- Dust particles in the air get coated with toxic substances from combustion and can go deep into the lungs.
- Cleaner fuels for combustion are an important step forward to reduce the toxicity of emissions.
- Permitted the fuels including Bharat Stage VI compliant:
- Petrol and diesel with 10 ppm sulphur
- Liquid Petroleum Gas
- Natural gas/Compressed Natural Gas (CNG)
- Aviation turbine fuel
- Firewood for crematoriums and for other religious purposes
- Wood charcoal for Tandoors and grilles of hotels/restaurants/banquet halls/eateries having emission channelization/control systems and Biogas.
- Coal with low sulphur (less than 0.4 per cent) will be permitted for use only in thermal power plants.
Read more at: ET
Topic 3 : ICT
Coal Mine Surveillance & Management System and Khan Prahari App
Union Minister of Coal, Railways, Finance & Corporate Affairs launched the Coal Mine Surveillance & Management System (CMSMS) and Mobile Application ‘Khan Prahari’ developed by CMPDI.
Coal Mine Surveillance & Management System:
- The basic objective of CMSMS is reporting, monitoring and taking suitable action on unauthorised coal mining activities.
- The CMSMS is a web based GIS application through which location of sites for unauthorised mining can be detected.
- The basic platform used in the system is of Ministry of Electronics & Information Technology’s (MeiTY) map which provides village level information.
- The system will use satellite data to detect changes by which unauthorised mining activity extending beyond the allotted lease area can be detected and suitable action can be taken on it
- It uses satellite data as well as public input to capture information on unauthorised coal mining activities and also take appropriate action on them with due transparency.
Khan Prahari Mobile App:
- The CMSMS system also uses information provided by responsible citizens using smartphones using the mobile application “Khan Prahari’.
- Khan Prahari is a tool for reporting any activity taking place related to illegal coal mining like rat hole mining, pilferage etc.
- One can upload geo-tagged photographs of the incident along with textual information directly to the system.
- Once reported, the information will be automatically directed to the nodal officers to take suitable action on those activities.
- The complainant can also track his complaint through the system.
- The identity of the complainant shall not be revealed.
- This app can easily be downloaded in Android and IOS.
Read more at: PIB
Topic 4: The Key Initiatives of Government
Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana (DDU-GKY)
- DDU-GKY is tasked with the dual objectives of adding diversity to the incomes of rural poor families and cater to the career aspirations of rural youth.
- It aims at transforming rural poor youth into an economically independent and globally relevant workforce.
- It focused on rural youth between the ages of 15 and 35 years from poor families
- Special initiatives under DDU-GKY:
- Himayat: A special scheme for the youth (rural & urban) of Jammu & Kashmir.
- Roshni: A special initiative for the rural youth of poor families in 27 Left-wing Extremist (LWE) districts across 9 states.
- SATYAM stands for Science and Technology of Yoga and Meditation is a new programme launched by DST to rejuvenate research on yoga and Meditation.
- Its objective is to tap potential for safer, holistic and cost effective treatment of physical and mental health problems.