Current Affairs for Engineering Service Exam
- National and International Issues on
- Economic Development
- Social Development
- Industrial Development
- Energy and Environment
- Information and Communication Technology
- The Key Initiatives of Government
- General Knowledge
Topic 1:Social development
Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana
The Government is implementing a flagship scheme known as Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) on pan–India basis.
- It enables prospective youth to take up Short Term Training (STT) and Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL) through accredited and affiliated training centers.
- The scheme has two components namely
- Centrally Sponsored Centrally Managed (CSCM) which is implemented by National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC)
- Centrally Sponsored State Managed (CSSM) which is implemented by State Skill Development Missions of the States/UTs popularly known as State-Engagement Component of PMKVY (2016-20)
- Training and Assessment fees are completely paid by the Government.
- Training would include soft skills, personal grooming, behavioral change for cleanliness, good work ethics.
- Skill training would be done based on the National Skill Qualification Framework (NSQF) and industry led standards.
- An unemployed youth, college / school dropout
- Has a verifiable identity proof – Aadhaar / Voter id and a bank account
Read more at: PIB
Topic 1:Industrial development
National e-commerce regulator
A national regulator for e-commerce, mandatory data localization and tax sops for data centres are part of an upcoming legislation governing all aspects of electronic commerce in the country.
- The regulator will ensure consumer protection and compliance with foreign investment caps in e-commerce.
- To mitigate the policy vacuum on key issues related to the sector
- To effectively respond to a proposal for multilateral discipline in e-commerce at the World Trade Organization (WTO) as various government departments have contradictory views on the matter
- Tt has suggested a two-year sunset period for the industry to adjust before localization rules becomes mandatory.
- It has also suggested direct and indirect tax incentives as well as according infrastructure status to data centres to encourage domestic data storage.
- The government would have access to data stored in India for national security and public policy objectives subject to rules related to privacy, and consent.
- The goods and services tax (GST) procedures for e-commerce be simplified by allowing centralized registration instead of local registration.
- To follow inventory-based models for selling locally produced goods through an online platform.
- Ensures growth of e-commerce
- It help private sector companies comply with the norms laid down by the Srikrishna committee on data localization.
- Dispute resolution at World Trade Organization (WTO)
- Helps domestic industry
- Encourage micro, small and medium enterprises
- Encourage FDI in e-commerce
Read more at: Livemint
Topic 2 : Environment
Policy for Disposal of Garbage
- Environmental Impact Assessment Notification 2006 for the management of developmental projects.
- Projects shall be undertaken only after the prior environmental clearance from the Central Government or as the case may be, by the State Level Environment Impact Assessment Authority.
- Solid Waste Management Rules, 2016
- Plastic Waste Management Rules, 2016
- Bio-Medical Waste Management Rules, 2016
- Hazardous and Other Wastes (Management and Transboundary Movement) Rules, 2016
- E-waste Management Rules, 2016
- Construction and Demolition Waste Management Rules, 2016
- Various types of pollution is being monitored by the state governments through the State Pollution Control Board.
- Implementation of Bharat Stage-IV emission norms for new passenger cars
Water quality monitoring
The river stretches are polluted mainly due to discharge of untreated / partially treated sewage and discharge of industrial wastewater.
Major steps taken by the Government:
- Action to comply with effluent standards is taken by SPCBs / PCCs to improve the water quality of the rivers
- Installation of Common Effluent Treatment Plants for cluster of Small Scale Industrial units
- Issuance of directions for implementation of Zero Liquid Discharge
- Preparation of action plan for sewage management and restoration of water quality in aquatic resources by State Governments
- Installation of Online Effluent Monitoring System to check the discharge of effluent directly into the rivers and water bodies
- Setting up of monitoring network for assessment of ambient water quality
- Issuance of directions under Section 5 of Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 to industries
Read more at: PIB
Plastic Free Zones
Ministry of State for Environment, Forest and Climate Change has written to the State Governments asking them to make protected areas as “Plastic Free Zones”.
- To combat plastic pollution, 21 States/Union Territories in the country has also notified more stringent norms and imposed ban on plastic carry bags and other items in their respective States/UTs
- The generators of waste have been mandated to take steps
- To minimize generation of plastic waste
- Not to litter
- Ensure segregated storage of waste at source
- Handover segregated waste to the local bodies or authorised agencies.
- The Rules also mandate the responsibilities of local bodies, gram panchayats, waste generators, retailers and street vendors to manage plastic waste.
- It is also mandated that the producers, importers and brand owners to work out modalities for waste collection system based on the principle of Extended Producer Responsibility.
- To prohibit single-use plastic products
- The school were reached through Eco-Clubs operating in the respective states to create awareness about ill effect of “single use plastic” and imbibe the “Green Good Deeds” practices.
Read more at: PIB
State energy efficiency preparedness index
The Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) has come up with the country’s first state energy efficiency preparedness index.
- The index will help track the progress in managing the energy footprint of states and the country
- To encourage competition between states
- Help in programme implementation.
- It will help India’s plans to reduce its carbon footprint by 33-35% from its 2005 levels by 2030
- The index is based on 63 indicators in sectors such as buildings, industry, municipalities, transport, agriculture and electricity distribution companies (discoms).
- These indicators are based on metrics such as policy and regulation, financing mechanisms, institutional capacity, adoption of energy efficiency measures and energy savings achieved.
Read more at: Livemint
Topic 3 : ICT
Raksha Bhoomi Project
The computerization of defence land records under project ‘Raksha Bhoomi’ to digitize land records was undertaken by the Directorate General of Defence Estates in association with National Informatics Centre.
- To store electronically the information in both these registers in all the DEO and CEO offices.
- Land records data from various offices can be consolidated at one place
- To generate state-wise and country-wise reports was undertaken along with the preparation of software for managing this data.
Read more at: PIB
Topic 4: The Key Initiatives of Government
- It is a programme to transform India into digital empowered society and knowledge economy.
- The scheme is coordinated by the department of Electronics and IT and implemented by all government departments
- The scheme is to be monitored by a Digital India committee comprised of several ministers
- Digital India has three core component
- The creation of digital infrastructure
- Delivering services digitally
- Digital literacy
- The Key points of Digital India Programme are:
- Universal Access to Phones
- Broadband Highways
- Public Internet Access Programme
- e-Governance – Reforming government through Technology
- e-Kranti – Electronic delivery of services
- Information for All
- Electronics Manufacturing – Target NET ZERO Imports
- IT for Jobs
- Early Harvest Programmes
- It is an umbrella programme which includes the hitherto National Optical Fiber Network (NOFN) to connect 2,50,000gram Panchayats by providing internet connectivity to all citizens
- Digital India includes development of an electronic development fund and envisages Net-Zero Electronics Import Target by 2020
Modified Special Incentive Package Scheme (M-SIPS)
- The scheme aims to provide a special incentive package to boost domestic electronic product manufacturing sector and move towards Union Government‘s goal of Net Zero imports‘ in electronics by 2020.
- It promotes large scale manufacturing in the Electronics System Design and Manufacturing (ESDM) sector by
- Providing subsidy for capital expenditure upto 20% for investment in SEZ and 25% in non-SEZs
- Providing reimbursement of duties and central taxes for projects with high capital investments
- The incentives will be available for investments made within 5 years from the date of approval of the project
- Unit receiving incentive will provide undertaking to remain in commercial production for at least 3 years