July 22,07,2018

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July 22, 2018

Current Affairs for Engineering Service Exam

 Topics list:

  1. National and International Issues on
    1. Economic Development
    2. Social Development
    3. Industrial Development
  2. Energy and Environment
    1. Energy
    2. Environment
  3. Information and Communication Technology
    1. Technology
    2. Application
  4. The Key Initiatives of Government
  5. General Knowledge

Topic 1:Social development

Global slavery Index 2018

The Global slavery Index 2018 published by the Australia-based human rights group Walk Free Foundation.

Highlights:

  • India ranked 53.
  • There exists “modern slavery” in India
  • Nearly three-quarters (71 percent) of modern slavery’s victims are women and girls

About Modern Slavery:

  • The modern slavery covers a set of specific legal concepts including forced labour, debt bondage, forced marriage, slavery and slavery-like practices, and human trafficking
  • It is used as an umbrella term which refers to situations of exploitation that a person cannot refuse or leave because of threats, violence, coercion, deception, and abuse of power.

Read more at: TOI

Student Police Cadet (SPC) programme

The Union Home Minister launched the Student Police Cadet (SPC) programme

Key Facts:

  • The SPC programme focuses on students of Classes 8 & 9
  • The programme seeks to cover broadly two kinds of topics, – crime prevention and control; and values and ethics.
  • SPC initially will be launched as pilot programme in all States and Union Territories.

Benefits:

  • The SPC programme will provide a healthy interface between schools and police
  • inculcate in the students aspects of public safety, discipline, patience, tolerance, empathy, respect of senior citizens, social harmony, traffic sense and a corruption-free environment.
  • The SPC project will also help the police assess their image in the public eye and strive for improving confidence and winning trust of the people.

Read more at: PIB

Topic 1:Industrial development

Reconstitution of National Bamboo Mission

The restructured National Bamboo Mission (NBM) has been launched under the National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA).

Objectives:

  • To increase the area under bamboo plantation in non forest Government and private lands.
  • To supplement farm income and contribute towards resilience to climate change as well as availability of quality raw material requirement of industries.
  • The bamboo plantations will be promoted predominantly in farmers’ fields, homesteads, community lands, arable wastelands, and along irrigation canals, water bodies etc.
  • To improve post-harvest management through establishment of innovative primary processing units near the source of production, primary treatment and seasoning plants, preservation technologies and market infrastructure.
  • To promote product development keeping in view market demand, by assisting R&D, entrepreneurship & business models at micro, small and medium levels and feed bigger industry.
  • To rejuvenate the underdeveloped bamboo industry in India.
  • To promote skill development, capacity building, awareness generation for development of bamboo sector from production to market demand.

Read more at: PIB

Farmers win national honour for innovation

The Jagjivan Ram Innovative Farmer Awards, 2017 is instituted by the ICAR (Indian Council of Agricultural Research).

The award is given to two farmers:

  1. For innovative integrated farming.  
  2. Implementation of several innovative techniques such as open precision farming in horticultural crops and the System of Rice Intensification (SRI) in rice and effective crop rotation.

System of Rice Intensification (SRI):

  • It  is a methodology aimed at increasing the yield of rice produced in farming.
  • It is a low water, labor-intensive, method that uses younger seedlings singly spaced and typically hand weeded with special tools

Read more at: The Hindu

Topic 2 : Environment

System of Air Quality and Weather Forecasting

India unveiled a state-of-the-art Air Quality and Weather Forecast System– SAFAR (System of Air Quality and Weather Forecasting)

Key Facts:

  • The giant true colour LED display gives out real-time air quality index on 24×7 basis with colour coding alongwith 72-hour advance forecast.
  • It was developed indigenously in record time by Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology, Pune and operationalized by India Meteorological Department (IMD).
  • It also measure sun’s UV-Index in addition to monitoring and forecasting of regular air quality and weather parameters
  • will provide measurement of online automatic ultrafine particles PM1 and Mercury.
  • Based on UVI, skin advisories will be issued on display
  • The mission model project SAFAR is implemented in four cities of India – Delhi, Pune, Mumbai and Ahmedabad as an operational service.
  • The system will be an integral part of India’s first Air Quality Early Warning System

Benefits:

  • SAFAR will accelerate public awareness and preparedness of air pollution and weather extremes.
  • It will lead to better understanding of linkages among emissions, weather, pollution and climate.
  • It will monitor all weather parameters like temperature, rainfall, humidity, wind speed and wind direction.
  • In addition to regular air quality parameters like PM2.5, PM10, Sulfur Dioxide, Ozone, Nitrogen Oxides, Carbon Monoxide, the system will also monitor the existence of Benzene, Toluene and Xylene.
  • The cost savings to several other sectors like agriculture, aviation, infrastructure, disaster management skill, tourism and many others, which directly or indirectly get affected by air quality and weather.

Read more at: PIB

India’s fourth national tiger census

The fourth All India Tiger Estimation is undertaken to ascertain India’s current tiger population. The final number is expected by the first quarter of 2019.

Highlights:

  • India’s tiger census is largest such effort of its kind across the globe
  • The quadrennial survey will cover almost 4,00,000 sq km of tiger habitats in India.

Key Facts:

  • India’s tiger population has been observed to increase at a rate of around 5.8% per year since 2006.
  • India is estimated to be home to around 70% of the world’s tigers
  • Karnataka has the highest number of tigers in the age group of 1.5 years and more.
  • It is followed by Uttarakhand, Madhya Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Assam, Kerala and Uttar Pradesh.

Methods used:

  • Camera trapping by using Global Positioning Systems
  • M-STrIPES, a mobile-based application, to collect data on the field.
  • India will be conducting the census along with the three other tiger-range countries — Nepal, Bhutan and Bangladesh.
  • The Tiger’s  pugmarks identification

Tiger census:

  • In India, tiger census is carried out after a gap of every four years by the National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA).
  • 2006 tiger census: Tiger population estimated was 1,411
  • 2010 tiger census: Tiger population estimated was 1,706
  • 2014 tiger census: Tiger population estimated was 2226

Read more at: The Hindu

Topic 2 : Energy

Solar-powered motor boat

A group of engineering students have made an eco-friendly solar-powered motor-boat and demonstrated it in Dal Lake.

Highlights:

  • Once charged, the boat can run up to two hours and it simultaneously gets recharged through
  • The government is planning to  implement the idea of solar-powered boats inside Dal lake to reduce pollution.

Read more at: ET

Topic 4: The Key Initiatives of Government

Crime and Criminal Tracking Network and Systems (CCTNS)

  • It is a Mission Mode Project (MMP) under the National e-Governance Plan of Govt. of India.
  • It is aimed to create a comprehensive and integrated system for enhancing the efficiency and effectiveness of Police.
  • A nationwide networked infrastructure for evolution of IT-enabled state-of-the-art tracking system around ―investigation of crime and detection of criminals‖ will be created to automate police functions at police Station and higher levels.
  • It will also create facilities and mechanism to provide public services like registration of online complaints, ascertaining the status of case registered at the police station, verification of persons etc.

Diksha Portal

  • Ministry of HRD and National Council for Teacher Education collaborated to build Diksha portal
  • DIKSHA will serve as National Digital Infrastructure for Teachers.
  • It will enable all teachers across nation to be equipped with advanced digital technology.
  • It will aid teachers to learn and train themselves for which assessment resources will be available.
  • It will help teachers to create training content, profile, in-class resources, assessment aids, news and announcement and connect with teacher community.
  • States, government bodies and even private organisations, can integrate DIKSHA into their respective teacher initiatives.

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