July 20,2018

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Current Affairs for Engineering Service Exam

 Topics list:

  1. National and International Issues on
    1. Economic Development
    2. Social Development
    3. Industrial Development
  2. Energy and Environment
    1. Energy
    2. Environment
  3. Information and Communication Technology
    1. Technology
    2. Application
  4. The Key Initiatives of Government
  5. General Knowledge

Topic 1:Social development

Saubhagya Scheme

The Union Ministry of Power launched had Pradhan Mantri Sahaj Bijli Har Ghar Yojana –“Saubhagya” in September 2017.

Highlights:

  • Aim to achieve universal household electrification in all parts of country by providing last mile electricity connectivity to all rural and urban households
  • Under the scheme, government will provide free electricity to all households identified under Socio-Economic and Caste Census (SECC) data 2011.
  • The Rural Electrification Corporation Limited (REC) is nodal agency for operationalisation of scheme throughout country.
  • Modern technology will be used for household survey by using Mobile App.
  • The States and Union Territories are required to complete works of household electrification by 31st of December 2018.

Read more at: ET

Samagra Shiksha Scheme

The Department of School Education and Literacy has formulated the Samagra Shiksha – an Integrated Scheme for School Education as a Centrally Sponsored Scheme

Highlights:

  • It is being implemented throughout the country with effect from the year 2018-19
  • The  programme subsumes the three erstwhile Centrally Sponsored Schemes of Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA), Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA) and Teacher Education (TE).
  • It is an overarching programme for the school education sector extending from pre-school to class XII
  • Aims to ensure inclusive and equitable quality education at all levels of school education.   
  • It envisages the ‘school’ as a continuum from pre-school, primary, upper primary, secondary to senior secondary levels.

Components:

  • Universal Access including Infrastructure Development and Retention
  • Gender and Equity
  • Inclusive Education
  • Quality
  • Financial support for Teacher Salary
  • Digital initiatives
  • Entitlements under the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE) Act, 2009 including uniforms, textbooks etc
  • Pre-school Education
  • Vocational Education
  • Sports and Physical Education
  • Strengthening of Teacher Education and Training
  • Monitoring and
  • Programme Management

Read more at:  PIB

Topic 1:Industrial development

Bharatmala Pariyojana

Bharatmala Pariyojana is a centrally-sponsored and funded road and highways project of the Government of India.

Highlights:

  • The ambitious umbrella programme will subsume all existing highway projects including the flagship National Highways Development Project (NHDP)
  • Construction of 34,800 km highways by 2022
  • Under programme, roads will be built along borders with Bhutan and Nepal, bottlenecks on existing Golden Quadrilateral highway network will be removed
  • The road connectivity to small industries will be ensured and manufacturing centres will be connected with national highways.

Execution Authorities: The project will be executed through Ministry of Road, Transport and Highways (MoRTH), NHAI, National Highways and Infrastructure Development Corporation Limited (NHIDCL) and State Public Works Department (PWDs)

Read more at: PIB

Topic 2 : Environment

Disposal of Nuclear Waste

Atomic Energy Regulatory Board (AERB) specifies the limits to discharge of radioactivity from Nuclear power plants in India.

Radioactive waste disposal policy:

  • The emphasis on waste volume minimization, recycle and reuse and is at par with international practices.
  • As a waste management philosophy, no waste is released/disposed to the environment unless the same is cleared, exempted or excluded from regulations.  
  • Disposal system is designed on multi-barrier principle for ensuring effective containment of radioactivity

Read more at: PIB

Ganga Vriksharopan Abhiyan

National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG) is running  “Ganga Vriksharopan Abhiyan” in five main stem Ganga basin states – Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand and West Bengal.

Highlights:

  • The campaign, which has been initiated as part of the Forest Interventions in Ganga (FIG) component of Namami Gange programme
  • It aims to bring greater awareness among people and other stakeholders regarding the importance of afforestation for the task of Ganga Rejuvenation.
  • A number of schools, colleges and departments have been requested to “Adopt a Plant” for turning this campaign into a people’s movement.
  • Various seminars, workshops, lectures, drawing and painting competitions etc. are being organised.
  • The afforestation and augmentation of existing forest along the Ganga holds the promise to strengthen the riparian ecosystem thereby contributing to the overarching cause of Ganga Rejuvenation.

Read more at: PIB

India’s polar research to Arctic

National Centre for Antarctic and Ocean Research (NCAOR)  of Indian Government is planning to establish new observation systems in Arctic circle.

Highlights:

  • To study about Climate change
  • Exploration of hydrocarbon reserves in Arctic
  • To study about the Monsoon impact in India due to sea level rise
  • Geopolitical collaborations

IndARC: India’s underground observatory located at t the Kongsfjorden fjord, half way between Norway and the North Pole.

Read more at: The Hindu

Dhole conservation

The wildlife scientists have collared a dhole, the Indian wild dog, with a satellite transmitter to study the habits of the endangered species.

Key Facts:

  • The dhole is already extinct in about 10 Asian countries.
  • There are 14 dholes in Bishanpura meadow in the Mukki range of the Kanha National Park.
  • Satellites images were used to ftrack the dholes in India

About dhole:

  • The dhole is a canid native to Central, South and Southeast Asia
  • It is listed as Endangered by the IUCN as populations are decreasing and are estimated at fewer than 2,500 adults.
  • Factors contributing to this decline include habitat loss, loss of prey, competition with other species, persecution due to livestock predation and disease transfer from domestic dogs

Read more at: The Hindu

Topic 2 : Energy

Coal Based Methanol As Alternative Fuel For Vehicles

NITI Aayog has set up an Apex Committee and five Task Forces for carrying out R&D and development roadmap for implementing Methanol economy in India.

Highlights:

  • A 15% methanol blending can result in replacement of around 31.9 million tons of crude oil.
  • It can result in significant savings for India.
  • The carbon monoxide (CO) and Hydrocarbons (HC) emission reduction for M 15 as compared to neat gasoline by approximate 40 % is an added benefit
  • Envisaging Carbon dioxide (CO2) and evaporative emission benefits

Read more at: PIB

Topic 3 : ICT

Digitally certified EVM/VVPATs

Voter Verifiable Paper Audit Trail (VVPAT) machines are used during election process to verify that the vote polled by a voter goes to the correct candidate

Highlights:

  • They are a second line of verification
  • Eliminates Electronic Voting Machines’ tampering
  • Gives instant feedback to the voter showing that the vote polled has in fact been allotted against the candidate chosen
  • Improve voter confidence
  • Ensuring transparency of voting.

Working procedure of VVPATs:

  • After a voter presses the button on the EVM against the chosen candidate, the VVPAT prints a slip containing name of the candidate and the election symbol and drops it automatically into a sealed box.
  • The machines give the chance for the voter to verify their vote.
  • The machine is placed in a glass case in a way that only the voter can see it.
  • The slip is displayed to the voter for seven seconds after which the VVPAT machine cuts it and drops in into the storage box with a beep.
  • The machines can be accessed, through, by the polling officials and not by the voter.

Read more at: PIB

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