July 18,2018

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July 18, 2018

Current Affairs for Engineering Service Exam

 Topics list:

  1. National and International Issues on
    1. Economic Development
    2. Social Development
    3. Industrial Development
  2. Energy and Environment
    1. Energy
    2. Environment
  3. Information and Communication Technology
    1. Technology
    2. Application
  4. The Key Initiatives of Government
  5. General Knowledge

Topic 1:Social development

Community skill parks

Ernakulam in Kerala State to have two community skill parks under the State government’s Additional Skill Acquisition Programme (ASAP).

Highlights:

  • Aim at fostering an industry-led skill ecosystem in the State
  • They will also act as community colleges in the regions.
  • They are offering training programmes in information and communication technology, precision engineering, heavy machinery, construction, robotics, healthcare and retail.
  • The park will also work as consultancy centres for industries, industry associations, and local governments.

Additional Skill Acquisition Programme:

Additional Skill Acquisition Programme is a skill development initiative by Higher Education Department & General Education Department, Government of Kerala.

Highlights of the programme:

  • Optional scheme equipping students with skill
  • Hands-on-training in the respective industry
  • Government of Kerala Certification
  • Industry Certification with National / International Accreditation
  • Strong foundation in IT & English Communication skill

Read more at: The Hindu

Topic 1:Industrial development

K-TECH Innovation Hub

Karnataka Government inaugurated K-Tech Innovation Hub (K-TI Hubs) in Belagavi

Highlights:

  • To leverage the existing manufacturing clusters and the local human resource available in the academic and industrial bodies
  • The hub provides space and infrastructure, instrumentation, prototyping facilities, business set-up support, world class innovation network and connections under one roof
  • The K-TI Hubs will contribute to the goal of encouraging 6,000 product-based startups in the State as envisaged in the Start-up Policy 2025.

Read more at: The Hindu

Amendments Proposed to Central Motor Vehicles Rules

Ministry of Road Transport and Highways has notified draft amendments to the Central Motor Vehicles Rules

Rules:

  • The FASTags and Vehicle Tracking System device mandatory for all commercial vehicles obtaining national permit.
  • The draft amendments also stipulate other additional conditions for obtaining national permit.
  • The body of a tanker carrying dangerous or hazardous goods has to be painted in white colour and display the prescribed class label on both the sides and rear of the tanker.

FASTags:

  • FASTag is an electronic toll collection system in India, operated by the National Highway Authority of India (NHAI).
  • It employs Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) technology for making toll payments directly from the prepaid or savings account linked to it.
  • It is affixed on the windscreen of the vehicle and enables to drive through toll plazas without stopping for transactions

Vehicle tracking system:

  • A vehicle tracking system  combines the use of automatic vehicle location in individual vehicles with software that collects these fleet data for a comprehensive picture of vehicle locations.
  • Modern vehicle tracking systems commonly use GPS or GLONASS technology for locating the vehicle

Read more at: PIB

Counter-drone strategy

The counter-drone plan finalised by  BCAS (Bureau of Civil Aviation Security) to neutralise drones near airports through a “soft kill” approach

Highlights:

  • To unveil a framework to regulate unmanned aircraft systems in the country.
  • To ensure aviation security.
  • The soft kill approach will include entrapping or jamming drones instead of destroying them

The Ministry of Civil Aviation draft rules:

  • It proposed to ban their operation within 5 km radius of an airport and 50 km from an international border.
  • It also barred drones within 5 km radius of Vijay Chowk in New Delhi.

Read more at: The Hindu

Topic 2 : Energy

ISRO’s li-ion cell technology

The Indian Space Research Organisation’s (ISRO) to transfer indigenous technology for manufacture of lithium-ion battery

Applications:

  • ISRO’s  satellite launch vehicles, has successfully deployed li-ion cells in its space missions
  • In electric vehicles
  • The move to promote li-ion technology would give a push to the country’s zero emission policy
  • To meet the entire spectrum of power storage requirements.

Li-ion Battery:

  • A lithium-ion battery or li-ion battery is a type of rechargeable battery in which lithium ions move from the negative electrode to the positive electrode during discharge and back when charging.
  • Li-ion batteries use an intercalated lithium compound as one electrode material, compared to the metallic lithium used in a non-rechargeable lithium battery.
  • The electrolyte, which allows for ionic movement, and the two electrodes are the constituent components of a lithium-ion battery cell.

Read more at: The Hindu

Topic 4: The Key Initiatives of Government

Gramin Krishi Mausam Seva (GKMS)

  • The scheme is implemented by India Meteorological Department in collaboration with State Agricultural Universities /Indian Council of Agricultural Research etc.
  • It issues crop and location specific weather based agro advisories for the benefit of farming community
  • The Agro-meteorological Advisory Services (AAS) under the GKMS is operated to prepare biweekly weather based bulletins
  • The information is transmitted through multimedia channels and SMS to help farmers plan farm operations accordingly.

National Action Plan on Climate Change

  • National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC) is a comprehensive action plan which outlines measures on climate change related adaptation and mitigation while simultaneously advancing development.  
  • It effectively pulls together a number of the government‘s existing national plans on water, renewable energy, energy efficiency agriculture and others and bundled with additional ones into a set of eight missions.  
  • The Prime Minister‘s Council on Climate Change is in charge of the overall implementation of the plan.

Eight core missions of NAPCC:

  • National Solar Mission – It has a goal of increasing production of photo-voltaic to 1000 MW/year; and a goal of deploying at least 1000 MW of solar thermal power generation.
  • National Mission for Enhanced Energy Efficiency
  • National Mission on Sustainable Habitat
  • National Water Mission – the plan sets a goal of a 20% improvement in water use efficiency through pricing and other measures
  • National Mission for Sustaining the Himalayan Ecosystem
  • National Mission for a ―Green India: Goals include the afforestation of 6 million hectares of degraded forest lands and expanding forest cover from 23% to 33% of India‘s territory.
  • National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture
  • National Mission on Strategic Knowledge for Climate Change

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