Current Affairs for Engineering Service Exam
- National and International Issues on
- Economic Development
- Social Development
- Industrial Development
- Energy and Environment
- Information and Communication Technology
- The Key Initiatives of Government
- General Knowledge
Topic 1:Social development
Deen Dayal Antyodaya Yojana
Deen Dayal Antyodaya Yojana – National Livelihoods Mission (NRLM) was launched by the Ministry of Rural Development (MoRD), Government of India in June 2011
- To reduce poverty by enabling the poor households to access gainful self-employment and skilled wage employment opportunities
- appreciable improvement in their livelihoods on a sustainable basis
- building strong grassroots institutions of the poor.
- Inclusion of the poorest, and meaningful role to the poorest in all the processes
- Transparency and accountability of all processes and institutions
- Ownership and key role of the poor and their institutions in all stages planning, implementation, and, monitoring
- Community self-reliance and self-dependence
Read more at: PIB
Aadhaar must for health mission cover
The government has mandated the use of Aadhaar card for administering its massive Ayushman Bharat, or National Health Mission, that assures a ₹5 lakh health cover to 10 crore families.
- A beneficiary eligible for receiving the benefits under the Scheme shall be required to furnish proof of possession of Aadhaar number or undergo Aadhaar authentication
- Any beneficiary desirous of availing the benefits under the Scheme, who is not yet enrolled for Aadhaar, shall have to apply for Aadhaar by 31st March 2019 provided she or he is entitled to obtain Aadhaar
- Those having trouble verifying biometrics will have the option of getting “face recognition,” a technology
- If nothing works, the patients will be required to get the QR code scanned on their enrolment letter.
Mandatory Aadhar services:
- To open bank accounts and transact over ₹50,000
- Provident fund
- For filing I-T returns
- Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana
- For digital payments
- Direct Benefit Transfer
- Various Scholarships
- Various Financial Assistance
Ayushman Bharat – National Health Protection Mission (AB-NHPM) is a new Centrally Sponsored Scheme having central sector component under Ayushman Bharat Mission anchored in the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW).
- AB-NHPM will have a defined benefit cover of Rs. 5 lakh per family per year.
- AB-NHPM will be an entitlement based scheme with entitlement decided on the basis of deprivation criteria in the SECC database.
- The beneficiaries can avail benefits in both public and empanelled private facilities
- To control costs, the payments for treatment will be done on package rate (to be defined by the Government in advance) basis
- The core principles of AB-NHPM is to cooperative federalism and flexibility to states.
- The Government proposed to set up Ayushman Bharat National Health Protection Mission Council (AB-NHPMC) at apex level Chaired by Union Health and Family Welfare Minister
- States would need to have State Health Agency (SHA) to implement the scheme
- A comprehensive media and outreach strategy will be developed to ensure that the scheme reaches the intended beneficiaries and other stakeholders
Read more at: The Hindu
Topic 2 : Environment
Climate change threatens the Nilgiri tahr
Scientists tried to predict how climate change can affect tahr habitat in the Ghats by mapping tahr distribution (using existing information and field surveys) and then using climatic factors of these locations to see where tahrs would be able to survive, given current and future climate change scenarios.
- The endangered wild goat could lose approximately 60% of its habitat, starting from the 2030s
- The tahr strongholds such as Chinnar, Eravikulam and Parambikulam in Kerala will still be stable habitats under different climate change scenarios.
- The other regions, including parts of Tamil Nadu’s Kalakkad Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve and the wildlife sanctuaries of Peppara, Neyyar, Schenduruny and Srivilliputhur, could experience severe habitat loss in future
- The impacts of climate change may further increase the chances of local extinction
- To focus efforts on these conservation units
- Monitor isolated populations
Read more at: The Hindu
Topic 2 : Energy
A clean cooking strategy
The choice of cooking fuel in households (especially rural) has a huge impact on living conditions especially for women and children.
- Affordable, reliable and clean energy for cooking is essential y for reducing health and environmental impacts
- Helping women to do more productive work and developing the rural economy.
Comparing the options:
- Biogas accounts for the lowest effective greenhouse gas emission; PNG and then LPG are next
National level programmes to ensure that most switch to clean cooking fuels have been initiated since the 1980s.
- National Project on Biogas Development (NPBD)
- Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana-a cumulative target of providing LPG connections to more than eight crore families
Promoting clean fuels:
- To promote biogas in rural and semi-urban areas, adopting the service-based enterprise model with suitable resource availability offers a sustainable approach.
- PNG needs to be promoted in urban areas beginning with the densely populated Tier-I and Tier-II/III cities
- Making LPG just one of the options to choose from rather than it having an edge over others
- Consumption-based subsidies need to be replaced with a functional subsidy that is provided on the basis of household income levels and local variables.
- Possibility of leakages must also be eliminated by ensuring that subsidies of any kind are provided only through direct benefit transfer
Read more at: The Hindu
Topic 3 : ICT
The Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs has launched a technology challenge for promoting suitable techniques for cleaning of sewers and septic tanks with the objective of eliminating the human entry into septic tanks/manholes etc.
- Identify technological as well as business process innovations.
- Endorse viable business models that are suitable for a different size, geographies, and class of cities.
- Pilot test and handhold to scale the shortlisted technologies/solutions in select project cities.
- Bridge the gap between innovators/manufacturers and beneficiaries- i.e. ULBs, citizens
- Category A-Technological solutions for cleaning and maintenance of sewerage systems that eliminate need for human entry.
- Category B-Technological solutions for cleaning and maintenance of septic tanks that eliminate need for human entry.
Read more at: PIB
Topic 4: The Key Initiatives of Government
Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana (DDU-GKY)
- DDU-GKY is tasked with the dual objectives of adding diversity to the incomes of rural poor families and cater to the career aspirations of rural youth
- It aims at transforming rural poor youth into an economically independent and globally relevant workforce
- It focused on rural youth between the ages of 15 and 35 years from poor families
- Special initiatives under DDU-GKY:
- Himayat: A special scheme for the youth (rural & urban) of Jammu & Kashmir.
- Roshni: A special initiative for the rural youth of poor families in 27 Left-wing Extremist (LWE) districts across 9 states
- Aarambh is a mobile App for road maintenance in rural areas.
- The app aims at use of GIS based mapping for making road inventories, condition surveys, producing cost estimates and other relevant data for preparation and monitoring of annual road maintenance plans.
- There is also another initiative in the name of ―Aarambh‖ launched by the network of organizations in India and Internet Watch Foundation (IWF) in Britain.
- It is the country’s first-ever hotline to curb sexual abuse of children through the Internet and to remove child pornographic content online.