January 4,2019

Quiz January 03, 2019
January 4, 2019
Quiz January 04, 2019
January 5, 2019

Current Affairs for Engineering Service Exam

 Topics list:

  1. National and International Issues on
    1. Economic Development
    2. Social Development
    3. Industrial Development
  2. Energy and Environment
    1. Energy
    2. Environment
  3. Information and Communication Technology
    1. Technology
    2. Application
  1.  General Knowledge

Topic 1:Economic development

U K Sinha Committee

RBI has set up an expert committee under former Sebi chairman U K Sinha to suggest long-term solutions for the economic and financial sustainability of the MSME sector.

Highlights:

  • They will identify the ‘structural problems’ affecting the growth of the small-scale sector.
  • The eight-member committee will also examine the factors impacting credit flow to MSMEs and propose measures for leveraging technology in accelerating the growth of the sector.
  • Such a high-level committee has been assigned to examine MSMEs because these enterprises contribute about 40% to India’s export and 45% in the manufacturing sector.
  • The report will be submitted by the end of June 2019.

Read more at: The Hindu

Topic 1:Industrial development

Comprehensive Handloom Cluster Development Scheme

The scheme is under implementation in eight mega handloom Clusters i.e. Varanasi (Uttar Pradesh), Sivasagar (Assam), Virudhanagar (Tamil Nadu), Murshidabad (West Bengal), Prakasam & Guntur districts (Andhra Pradesh), Godda & neighbouring districts (Jharkhand), Bhagalpur (Bihar) and Trichy (Tamil Nadu).

Highlights:

  • Under the scheme, need based funding is provided for various interventions like technology upgradation, product development, setting up of Value Addition Centre, Common Facility Centre (CFC), Marketing Complex, Dye House and Corpus Fund for Yarn Depot.
  • The various projects like setting up of Common Facility Centre, Dye House, Garmenting Unit, Silk Spinning Unit, Automatic Silk Reeling Unit etc. have been taken up in Public Private Partnership (PPP) mode, which are functional.

Read more at: PIB

Topic 2 : Environment

NOC for Ground Water Extraction

Central Ground Water Authority has notified revised guidelines to regulate and control ground water extraction in India, which will be effective from 01.06.2019.

Highlights:

  • The entire process of grant of NOC will be done online through a web based application system.
  • As per the revised guidelines, Water Conservation Fee (WCF) would be levied for use of ground water depending on the category of area, type of industry and quantum of ground water withdrawal.
  • Central Ground Water Board along with State Ground Water Organizations carry out periodic assessment of ground water resources.
  • The assessment units viz. Blocks/ Talukas/ Mandals etc. are categorized as safe, semi critical, critical and over exploited depending on the stage of ground water development and significant decline of ground water levels.

About Central Ground Water Board

  • CGWB, is a multi-disciplinary scientific organization   of the Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation, Government of India.
  • It is the National Apex Agency entrusted with the responsibilities of providing scientific inputs for management, exploration, monitoring, assessment, augmentation and regulation of ground water resources of the country.
  • The Central Ground Water Board is headed by the Chairman and has six Members.
  • The mandate of Central Ground Water Board is to ” Develop and disseminate technologies and monitor and implement national policies for the scientific and sustainable development and management of India’s ground water resources, including their exploration, assessment, conservation, augmentation, protection from pollution, and distribution, based on principles of economic and ecological efficiency and equity”.
  • Vision:Sustainable Development and Management of Ground Water Resources of the Country.

Objectives:

  • To develop groundwater policies, programmes and practices to monitor and enable effective use of the country’s ground water resources in a sustainable manner with active involvement of all stakeholders.
  • To put into place scientific system and practices, which would result in sustained increase in ground water use efficiency.
  • To disseminate information, skills and knowledge, which would help in capacity building and mass awareness in ground water sector.

Read more at: PIB

Topic 2 : Energy

Proposals for New Atomic Power Plants

At present, there are nine (9) nuclear power reactors at various stages of construction, targeted for completion by 2024-25.

Key Facts:

The Government has taken several measures to enable setting up of nuclear power reactors in the country. These include:

  • Resolution of issues related to Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage (CLND) Act & Creation of Indian Nuclear Insurance Pool (INIP).
  • Amendment of the Atomic Energy Act-1962 (as amended from time to time) to enable Joint Ventures of Public Sector Companies to set up nuclear power projects in the country.
  • Enabling agreements with the foreign countries for nuclear power corporation including supply of fuel.
  • Identification and addressing of the issues in implementation of the projects through Pro-Active Governance And Timely Implementation “PRAGATI” platform
  • Five sites, as given below, have been accorded ‘in principle’ approval by the Government for setting up more reactors in future.
State Site Capacity (MW) In Cooperation with
Maharashtra Jaitapur 6 X 1650 France
Andhra Pradesh Kovvada 6 X 1208 United States of America
Gujarat Chhaya Mithi Virdi 6 X 1000*
West Bengal Haripur 6 X 1000* Russian Federation
Madhya Pradesh Bhimpur 4 X 700 Indigenous PHWR

Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage:

  • The Act aims to provide a civil liability for nuclear damage and prompt compensation to the victims of a nuclear incident through a no fault liability to the operator, appointment of Claims Commissioner, establishment of Nuclear Damage Claims Commission and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.
  • The Act effectively caps the maximum amount of liability in case of each nuclear accident at ₹5 billion (US$70 million) to be paid by the operator of the nuclear plant, and if the cost of the damages exceeds this amount, special drawing rights up to 300 million will be paid by the Central Government.

Read more at: PIB

Topic 3 : ICT

Space Technology Park and Museums

The ISRO has plans to set up Space Galleries in various locations in the country.

Highlights:

  • They are expected to disseminate the knowledge about space science and technology amongst the citizens of our country.
  • The Gallery will consist of interactive methods/ models describing the principles of Space science and technology.
  • To establish Knowledge centres, mobile exhibitions, competitions amongst students and various talks/ lectures on Space Science/ technology related aspects.

Read more at: PIB

Bhoomi Rashi Portal

The  Competent Authority for Land Acquisition (CALA), Ministry of Road Transport & Highway has developed a web based Utility –Bhoomi Rashi to fully digitize and automate the entire process of land acquisition.

Highlights:

  • The system helps in expediting the process by providing simultaneous Hindi translation and has been linked to the e-gazette for expeditious publication.
  • The land acquisition process has been expedited significantly,
  • Error-free and more transparent and the notifications at every stage are being processed.
  • User friendly by adding the feature of SMS services to the beneficiaries so as to enhance timeliness in dissemination of information.
  • Real time tracking of activities and generation of reports, relating to land acquisition

Read more at: .PIB

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.